   # As weather balloons rise from the earth’s surface, the pressure of the atmosphere becomes less, tending to cause the volume of the balloons to expand. However, the temperatura is much lower in the upper atmosphere than at sea level. Would this temperatura effect tend to make such a balloon expand or contract? Weather balloons do, in fact, expand as they rise. What does this tell you? ### Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 8, Problem 24Q
Textbook Problem
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## As weather balloons rise from the earth’s surface, the pressure of the atmosphere becomes less, tending to cause the volume of the balloons to expand. However, the temperatura is much lower in the upper atmosphere than at sea level. Would this temperatura effect tend to make such a balloon expand or contract? Weather balloons do, in fact, expand as they rise. What does this tell you?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For a given condition, change in the volume of weather balloon by temperature effect and pressure effect at upper atmosphere should be explained.

Concept introduction:

• A gas kept in the particular container at constant pressure. If the container of gas is heated, the gaseous particle is expanded and the volume of container is increased. That is the volume of container is directly proportional to the temperature of gas. As increasing the temperature of a particular gas the volume of gas will expand. This direct relationship between the temperature and volume of gas is termed as Charles’s law.

Mathematically this law can be written as, VT

By changing the proportionality sign,     V=bT

• Where T is temperature and b is proportionality constant.

According to Boyle’s law, at constant temperature and number of moles,              volume of a gas container is inversely proportional to the pressure excreted on the           container.

Mathematically,

P1V

Or

PV=K

Where,

P = pressure in atmospheres

V= volumes in liters

K= a constant for a particular gas at given temperature

### Explanation of Solution

Explanation

Explain the change in the volume of weather balloon by temperature effect and pressure effect

Because weather balloon does expand, the effect of the decrease in pressure must be dominant.

According to Charles’s law, at constant pressure and number of moles, volume of the gaseous container is directly proportional to the temperature of gaseous particles...

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