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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Consider the following molecules:

  1. (a) H2O
  2. (b) NH3
  3. (c) CO2
  4. (d) ClF
  5. (e) CC14
    1. (i) In which compound are the bonds most polar?
    2. (ii) Which compounds in the list are not polar?
    3. (iii) Which atom in C1F is more negatively charged?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given compounds the bonds that are the bonds most polar has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Non-polar covalent bond has a relatively even distribution of charge due to equal sharing of the bonding electrons.

Polar covalent bond has a relatively uneven distribution of charge due to unequal sharing of the bonding electrons.

Explanation

In water, two hydrogen atoms form single polar covalent bond with oxygen atom. This is because the oxygen is more electronegative, the region around oxygen has a partial negative charge...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The compounds which are not polar have to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Non-polar covalent bond has a relatively even distribution of charge due to equal sharing of the bonding electrons.

Polar covalent bond has a relatively uneven distribution of charge due to unequal sharing of the bonding electrons.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: It should be determined for the bond polarity. of the following molecule.

Concept Introduction:

Non-polar covalent bond has a relatively even distribution of charge due to equal sharing of the bonding electrons.

Polar covalent bond has a relatively uneven distribution of charge due to unequal sharing of the bonding electrons.

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