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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

In each pair of bonds, predict which is shorter.

  1. (a) B—Cl or Ca—Cl
  2. (b) Sn—O or C—O
  3. (c) P—S or P—O
  4. (d) C=O or C=N

a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The shortest bond in the given pair of bonds has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Bond length:

Bond distance or bond length is the average distance between nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. It is a transferable property of a bond between atoms of fixed types.

Explanation

Boron and Gallium falls in the same group; size of Gallium is larger than Boron. Hence the interatomic distance becomes larger in

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The shortest bond in the given pair of bonds has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Bond length:

Bond distance or bond length is the average distance between nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. It is a transferable property of a bond between atoms of fixed types.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The shortest bond in the given pair of bonds has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Bond length:

Bond distance or bond length is the average distance between nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. It is a transferable property of a bond between atoms of fixed types.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The shortest bond in the given pair of bonds has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Bond length:

Bond distance or bond length is the average distance between nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. It is a transferable property of a bond between atoms of fixed types.

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