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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

How do elevation, exposure, and slope aspect affect the microclimates of highland regions? What are the major climatic differences between highland regions and nearby lowlands?

To determine

The way in which elevation, exposure, and slope aspect affect the microclimates of highland regions. Also describe the major climatic differences between highland regions and nearby lowlands.

Explanation

The decrease in temperature with increase in altitude is about 6.5oCper1000meters. Accordingly, the vertical zones of climates are exhibited in highland climate regions depending on the change in temperature with elevation that roughly correspond to the climates related to the change in temperature with latitude. An exception that involves is the seasons will exist only in highlands if they also exist in the nearby lowland regions.

The factors that control highland climates include elevation, exposure, and slope aspect. Similar to some coasts, some mountain slopes also face the prevailing wind. Others are leeward slopes or are sheltered behind higher topography. The nature of the wind, its temperature, and moisture content depend on the location of mountains

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