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Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
ISBN: 9781337091985

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
ISBN: 9781337091985
Textbook Problem

Three students have each saved $1,000. Each has an investment opportunity in which he or she can invest up to $2,000. Here are the rates of return on the students’ investment projects:

Harry 5 percent
Ron 8 percent
Hermione 20 percent

a. If borrowing and lending are prohibited, so each student uses only personal saving to finance his or her own investment project, how much will each student have a year later when the project pays its return?

b. Now suppose their school opens up a market for loanable funds in which students ran borrow and lend among themselves at an interest rate r. What would determine whether a student would choose to be a borrower or lender in this market?

c. Among these three students, what would be the quantity of loanable funds supplied and quantity demanded at an interest rate of 7 percent? At 10 percent?

d. At what interest rate would the loanable funds market among these three students be in equilibrium? At this interest rate, which student(s) would borrow and which student(s) would lend?

e. At the equilibrium interest rate, how much does each student have a year later after the investment projects pay their return and loans have been repaid? Compare your answers to those you gave in part (a). Who benefits from the existence of the loanable funds market - the borrowers or the lenders? Is anyone worse off?

Subpart (a):

To determine

The Investment and the loanable fund market of the economy.

Explanation

Investment is an asset or an item purchased today in the hope that it will generate income in the future. In that sense, the spending of capital on the purchase of new physical capitals refers to the equipment and the buildings and so forth.

When there is no possibility of loanable fund market between the students and each have to invest their own amounts, then each of the students will have the following returns after one year:

ReturnsHarry=Investment×(1+Interest rate)=1,000×(1+0.05)=1,000×1.05=1050

Thus, Harry will have $1,050 after one year

Subpart (b):

To determine

The Investment and the loanable fund market of the economy.

Subpart (c):

To determine

The Investment and the loanable fund market of the economy.

Subpart (d):

To determine

The Investment and the loanable fund market of the economy.

Subpart (e):

To determine

The Investment and the loanable fund market of the economy.

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