27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094




27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094
Textbook Problem

Internal controls

An employee of JHT Holdings, Inc., a trucking company, was responsible for resolving roadway accident claims under $25,000. The employee created fake accident claims and wrote settlement checks of between $5,000 and $25,000 to friends or acquaintances acting as phony “victims.” One friend recruited subordinates at his place of work to cash some of the checks. Beyond this, the JHT employee also recruited lawyers, whom he paid to represent both the trucking company and the fake victims in the bogus accident settlements. When the lawyers cashed the checks, they allegedly split the money with the corrupt JHT employee. This fraud went undetected for two years.

Why would it take so long to discover such a fraud?

To determine

Internal Control: Internal control refers to the policies, and plans of the business organization along with other measures with a view to safeguard its assets, encourage the employees to adhere to the plans, to improve on the operational efficiency, and to ensure correct and reliable accounting information. Internal control is a process which ensures continuous reliability of accomplishment of a company’s objectives, related to operations, financial reporting, and in conformity with laws and regulations.

The following are the some of the internal control procedures:

  • Competent personnel, rotating duties, and mandatory vacations
  • Separating responsibilities for related operations
  • Separating operations, custody of assets, and accounting
  • Proofs and security measures

To state: the reasons for discovering the fraud very late.

In this situation, detecting fraud becomes more difficult as there are multiple parties in different positions. Here, employee was responsible for authorizing the claim payments and thus, fraud started to happen. It is very sensitive as decisions initiate the payments. Thus, claims should be authorized and verified before making any payments...

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