BuyFind*arrow_forward*

5th Edition

EPP + 1 other

Publisher: Cengage Learning,

ISBN: 9781337694193

Chapter 8.3, Problem 5TY

Textbook Problem

If *A *is a set and *R *is an equivalence relation on *A*, then the distinct equivalence classes of *R *form____________

Discrete Mathematics With Applications

Show all chapter solutions

Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation from A to B, xA , and yB , the...Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation from A to B, xA and yB , the...Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation from A to B, xA , and yB , then...Ch. 8.1 - A relation on a set A is a realtion _______to...Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation on a set A, the directed graph...Ch. 8.1 - As in Example 8.1.2, the congruence modulo 2...Ch. 8.1 - Prove that for all integers m and n,m-n is even...Ch. 8.1 - The congruence modulo 3 relation, T, is defined...Ch. 8.1 - Define a relation P on Z as follows: For every...Ch. 8.1 - Let X={a,b,c} . Recall that P(X) is the power set...

Ch. 8.1 - Let X={a,b,c}. Define a relation J on P(X) as...Ch. 8.1 - Define a relation R on Z as follows: For all...Ch. 8.1 - Let A be the set of all string of a’s and b’s of...Ch. 8.1 - Let A be the set of all strings of 0’s, 1’s, and...Ch. 8.1 - Let A={3,4,5} and B={4,5,6} and let R be the “less...Ch. 8.1 - Let A={3,4,5} and B={4,5,6} and let S be the...Ch. 8.1 - Suppose a function F:XY is one-to-one but not...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Exercises 19-20 refer to unions and intersections...Ch. 8.1 - Exercises 19—20 refer to unions and intersections...Ch. 8.1 - Define relation R and S on R as follows:...Ch. 8.1 - Define relations R and S on R as follows:...Ch. 8.1 - Define relations R and S on R as follows:...Ch. 8.1 - In Example 8.17 consider the query SELECT...Ch. 8.2 - For a relation R on a set A to be reflexive means...Ch. 8.2 - For a relation R on a set A to be symmetric means...Ch. 8.2 - For a relation R on a set A to be transitive means...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on a set A is not...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on a set not symmentric,...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on a set A is not...Ch. 8.2 - Given a relation R on a set A, the transitive...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9—33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9—33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given is reflexive...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9—33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 34-36, assume that R is a relation on a et A....Ch. 8.2 - In 34-36, assume that R is a relation on a et A....Ch. 8.2 - In 34-36, assume that R is a relation on a et A....Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on set...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on a...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on set...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on set...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on a...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on a...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 51—53, R, S, and T are relations defined on...Ch. 8.2 - In 51—53, R, S, and T are relations defined on...Ch. 8.2 - In 51-53, R,S, and T are relations defined...Ch. 8.2 - Write a computer algorithm to test whether a...Ch. 8.2 - Write a computer algorithm to test whether a...Ch. 8.2 - Write a computer algorithm to test whether a...Ch. 8.3 - For a relation on a set to be an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - The notation m=n(modd) is...Ch. 8.3 - Given an equivalence relation R on a set A and...Ch. 8.3 - If A is a set, R is an equivalence relation A, and...Ch. 8.3 - If A is a set and R is an equivalence relation on...Ch. 8.3 - Let A=Z(Z{0}) , and define a relation R on A by...Ch. 8.3 - Suppose that S={a,b,c,d,e} and R is a relation on...Ch. 8.3 - Each of the following partitions of {0,1,2,3,4}...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3-6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3—6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3-6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3-6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7—14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - Determine which of the following congruence...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be the relation of congruence modulo 3....Ch. 8.3 - Prove that for all integers m and n,m=n (mod 3)...Ch. 8.3 - Give an example of two sets that are distinct but...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19—31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19—31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31. (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19—31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - Let A be the set of all straight lines in the...Ch. 8.3 - Let A be the set of points in the rectangle...Ch. 8.3 - The documentation for the computer language Java...Ch. 8.3 - Find an additional representative circuit for the...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on s set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be the relation defined in Example 8.3.12....Ch. 8.3 - In Example 8.3.12, define operations of addition...Ch. 8.3 - Let A=Z+Z+ . Define a relation R on A as follows:...Ch. 8.3 - The following argument claims to prove that the...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be a relation on a set A and suppose R is...Ch. 8.3 - Refer to the quote at the beginning of this...Ch. 8.4 - When letters of the alphabet are encrypted using...Ch. 8.4 - If a,b, and n are integers with n1 , all of the...Ch. 8.4 - If a, b. c, d, m, and n arc integers with n1 and...Ch. 8.4 - If a, n, and k are positive integers with n1 , an...Ch. 8.4 - To express a greatest common divisor of two...Ch. 8.4 - To find an inverse for a positive integer a modulo...Ch. 8.4 - TO encrypt a message M using RSA cryptography with...Ch. 8.4 - Euclid’s lemma says that for all integers a, b,...Ch. 8.4 - Fermat’s little theorem says that if p is any...Ch. 8.4 - The crux of the proof that the RSA cipher words is...Ch. 8.4 - Use the Caesar cipher to encrypt the message WHERE...Ch. 8.4 - Use the Caesar cipher to encrypt the message AN...Ch. 8.4 - Let a=25,b=19, and n=3. Verify that 3(2519) ....Ch. 8.4 - Let a=68, b=33, and n=7. Verify that 7|(68-33)....Ch. 8.4 - Prove the transitivity of modular congruence. That...Ch. 8.4 - Prove that the distinct equivalence classes of the...Ch. 8.4 - Verify the following statements. 128=2(mod7) and...Ch. 8.4 - Verify the following statements. 45=3 (mod 6) and...Ch. 8.4 - In 9-11, prove each of the given statements,...Ch. 8.4 - In 9-11, prove each of the given statements,...Ch. 8.4 - In 9-11, prove each of the given statements,...Ch. 8.4 - Prove that for every integer n0,10n=1(mod9) . Use...Ch. 8.4 - a. Prove that for every integer n1 ,...Ch. 8.4 - Use the technique of Example 8.4.4 to find...Ch. 8.4 - Use the result of exercise 14 an d the technique...Ch. 8.4 - In 16-18, use the techniques of Example 8.4.4 and...Ch. 8.4 - In 16-18, use the techniques of Example 8.4.4 and...Ch. 8.4 - In 16-18, use the techniques of Example 8.4.4 and...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - Use Theorem 5.2.2 to prove that if a and n are...Ch. 8.4 - In 26 and 27, use the extended Euclidean algorithm...Ch. 8.4 - In 26 and 27, use the extended Euclidean algorithm...Ch. 8.4 - In 28 and 29, for the given values of A and B,...Ch. 8.4 - In 28 and 29, for the given values of A and B,...Ch. 8.4 - Finish the proof of Theorem 8.4.5 by proving that...Ch. 8.4 - Find an inverse for 210 modulo 13. Find appositive...Ch. 8.4 - Find an inverse for 41 modulo 660. Find the least...Ch. 8.4 - Use Theorem 8.4.5to prove that for all integers a,...Ch. 8.4 - Give a counterexample to show that the statement...Ch. 8.4 - Corollary 8.4.7 guarantees the existence of an...Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - Find the least positive inverse for 43 modulo 660.Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - a. Use mathematical induction and Euclid’s lemma...Ch. 8.4 - According to Fermat’s little theorem, if p is a...Ch. 8.4 - Fermat’s little theorem can be used to show that a...Ch. 8.5 - For a relation R on a set A on a set to be...Ch. 8.5 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.5 - To show that a relation R on a set A is not...Ch. 8.5 - To construct a Hasse diagram for a partial order...Ch. 8.5 - If A is a set that is partially odereed with...Ch. 8.5 - A relation on a set A is a total order if, and...Ch. 8.5 - If A a set that is partially ordered with respect...Ch. 8.5 - Let A be a set that is partially order with...Ch. 8.5 - Given a set A that is partially ordered with...Ch. 8.5 - PERT and CPM are used to produces efficient_____Ch. 8.5 - Each of the following is a relation on {0,1,2,3}...Ch. 8.5 - Let P be the set of all people in the world and...Ch. 8.5 - Let S be the set of all strings of a’s and b’s....Ch. 8.5 - Let R be the “less than” relation on R, the set of...Ch. 8.5 - Let R be the set of all real numbers and define a...Ch. 8.5 - Let P be the set of all people who have ever lived...Ch. 8.5 - Define a relation R on Z, the set of all integers...Ch. 8.5 - Define a relation R on Z, the set of all integers...Ch. 8.5 - Define a relation R on R, the set of all real...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose R and S are antisymmetric relations on a...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b}, and supposeAhas the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Prove Theorem 8.5.1Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b} . Describe all partial order relations...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b,c}. Describe all partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose a relation R on a set A is reflexive,...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the “divides” relation on each of the...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the “sbset” relation on P(S) for each of...Ch. 8.5 - Let S={0,1} and consider the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Let S={0,1} and consider the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Let S={0,1} and consider the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the “divides” relation defined on the set...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - Each of the following sets is partially ordered...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b,c,d} , and let R be the relation...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b,c,d} , and let R be the relation...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the set A={12,24,48,3,9} ordered by the...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose that R is a partial order relation on a...Ch. 8.5 - The set P({w,x,y,z}) is partially ordered with...Ch. 8.5 - The set A={2,4,3,6,12,18,24} is partially ordered...Ch. 8.5 - Find a chain of length 2 for the relation defined...Ch. 8.5 - Prove that a partially ordered set is totally...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose that A is a totally ordered set. Use...Ch. 8.5 - Prove that a nonempty, finite, partially ordered...Ch. 8.5 - Prove that a finite, partially ordered set has At...Ch. 8.5 - Draw a Hasse diagram for a partially ordered set...Ch. 8.5 - Draw a Hasse diagram for a partially ordered set...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Refer to the prerequisite structure show in Figure...Ch. 8.5 - A set S of jobs can be ordered by writing x_y to...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose the tasks described in Example 8.5.12...

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions For those who have read Section 8.8, "Fractal Geometry," in Exercises 77-81, a Use logarithms to find the exact...

Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey

Use the rules for exponents to simplify: (7w2)3

Elementary Technical Mathematics

Find each percentage. Round the answers to 2 decimal places when necessary. 11. 25% of 312.6

Mathematics For Machine Technology

In Exercises 3336, find an equation of line that has slope m and y-intercept b. m=1; b=2

Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences

In some fuzzy sets, membership values are given by a membership graph or by a formula. For instance, the follow...

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

Evaluate the definite integrals in Problems 1-32.

Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences

Sleeping on Flights. According to Expedia, 52% of Americans report that they generally can sleep during flights...

Essentials Of Statistics For Business & Economics

When asked to write an algebraic expression for 6 less than a number, you wrote x6, and another student wrote 6...

Intermediate Algebra

Using a Graph In Exercises 5-10, use graph to estimate the open intervals on which function is increasing or de...

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

In Exercises 1928, find the conservative vector field for the potential function by finding its gradient. g(x,y...

Multivariable Calculus

Federal Deficit The spending by the federal government (in trillions of dollars) in year t from 2006 (t = 0) th...

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Using Rolle's Theorem In Exercises 7-10, dud the two x-intercepts of the function f and show that f(x)=0 at som...

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

Find the derivative of the function. Simplify where possible. 50. y = tan1(x2)

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Volume I

Finding When using the definition of limit to prove that L. is the limit of f (x) as x approaches c, you find ...

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

Given the table of function values below, which of the following is the best estimate for the instantaneous rat...

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Multiply. Leave all answers in trigonometric form. 2cis344cis4

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

How is the descriptive strategy different from the other four research strategies?

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Using Properties of Limits In Exercises 25-36, find the limit using direct substitution. See Examples 3 and 4. ...

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

Let H be a subgroup of G. Define the relation congruence modulo H on G by ab(modH) if and only if a1bH.

Elements Of Modern Algebra

For each of the following three sample sizes, construct the 95 confidence interval for the population proportio...

Essentials Of Statistics

Describe the three techniques used to quantify behavioral observations and the three techniques used for sampli...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Complete the following table. Round net price factors to five decimal places when necessary.
Trade Single
D...

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

Reminder Round all answers to two decimal places unless otherwise indicated. Gravity on Earth and on MarsThe ac...

Functions and Change: A Modeling Approach to College Algebra (MindTap Course List)

Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan polling organization that provides information about issues, attitudes, an...

Statistics for Business & Economics, Revised (MindTap Course List)

What is the logical first step in rationalizing the denominator of 31+x?

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

Solve each equation in Exercises 107120 for x, rounding your answer to four significant digits where necessary....

Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Show that the total length of the ellipse x = a sin , y = b cos , a b 0, is L=4a0/21e2sin2d where e is the ec...

Single Variable Calculus

An individual who has automobile insurance from a certain company is randomly selected Let Y be the number of m...

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

Placing people in line In how many arrangements can 5 women and 5 men be placed in a line if the women and men ...

College Algebra (MindTap Course List)

By any method, determine all possible real solutions of each equation in Exercises 1330. Check your answers by ...

Applied Calculus

How many second partial derivatives will there be for ? (Do not assume that they are continuous.)
5
10
20
25

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

Statistical Literacy What does the expected value of a binomial distribution with n trials tell you?

Understanding Basic Statistics

The calculations for a factorial experiment involving four levels of factor A. three levels of factor B. and th...

STATISTICS F/BUSINESS+ECONOMICS-TEXT

A normal distribution has a mean of = 54 and standard deviation of = 6. What is the probability of randomly s...

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

If an electrostatic field E acts on a liquid or a gaseous polar dielectric, the net dipole moment P per unit vo...

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

14 Find the area of the region that is bounded by the given curve and lies in the specified sector. r=1/, /22

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Find all second partial derivatives of f. 20. z = xe2y

Multivariable Calculus

Data from a sample of n = 150 quail eggs were used to fit a multiple regression model relating y=Eggshellsurfac...

Introduction To Statistics And Data Analysis

Finding a Derivative In Exercises 9-34, find the derivative of the function. y=6x2+13

Calculus of a Single Variable

Find the first partial derivatives of the function. 38. (x,y,z,t)=x+y2z+t2

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

A population of N = 8 scores has a mean of = 16. After one score is removed from the population, the new mean i...

Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Complete each figure so that it has symmetry with respect to line m.

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

For Exercises 39 to 44, make drawings as needed. If two spheres intersect at more than one point, what type of ...

Elementary Geometry for College Students

For the following exercises, the position function of a ball dropped from the top of a 200-meter tall building ...

Calculus Volume 1

Reread this section and classify each mathematical model linear or nonlinear.

A First Course in Differential Equations with Modeling Applications (MindTap Course List)

In the following exercises, use a change of variables to evaluate the definite integral. 292. 01x1x2dx

Calculus Volume 2

Solving a Linear Inequality In Exercises 13-30, solve the inequality. Then graph the solution set. 4x12

College Algebra

10. Indicate which of the following situations involve sampling from a finite population and which involve samp...

Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft Office Excel (with XLSTAT Education Edition Printed Access Card) (MindTap Course List)