BuyFind*arrow_forward*

5th Edition

EPP + 1 other

Publisher: Cengage Learning,

ISBN: 9781337694193

Chapter 8.4, Problem 8TY

Textbook Problem

Euclid’s lemma says that for all integers *a*, *b*, and *c *if

Discrete Mathematics With Applications

Show all chapter solutions

Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation from A to B, xA , and yB , the...Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation from A to B, xA and yB , the...Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation from A to B, xA , and yB , then...Ch. 8.1 - A relation on a set A is a realtion _______to...Ch. 8.1 - If R is a relation on a set A, the directed graph...Ch. 8.1 - As in Example 8.1.2, the congruence modulo 2...Ch. 8.1 - Prove that for all integers m and n,m-n is even...Ch. 8.1 - The congruence modulo 3 relation, T, is defined...Ch. 8.1 - Define a relation P on Z as follows: For every...Ch. 8.1 - Let X={a,b,c} . Recall that P(X) is the power set...

Ch. 8.1 - Let X={a,b,c}. Define a relation J on P(X) as...Ch. 8.1 - Define a relation R on Z as follows: For all...Ch. 8.1 - Let A be the set of all string of a’s and b’s of...Ch. 8.1 - Let A be the set of all strings of 0’s, 1’s, and...Ch. 8.1 - Let A={3,4,5} and B={4,5,6} and let R be the “less...Ch. 8.1 - Let A={3,4,5} and B={4,5,6} and let S be the...Ch. 8.1 - Suppose a function F:XY is one-to-one but not...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Draw the directed graphs of the relations defined...Ch. 8.1 - Exercises 19-20 refer to unions and intersections...Ch. 8.1 - Exercises 19—20 refer to unions and intersections...Ch. 8.1 - Define relation R and S on R as follows:...Ch. 8.1 - Define relations R and S on R as follows:...Ch. 8.1 - Define relations R and S on R as follows:...Ch. 8.1 - In Example 8.17 consider the query SELECT...Ch. 8.2 - For a relation R on a set A to be reflexive means...Ch. 8.2 - For a relation R on a set A to be symmetric means...Ch. 8.2 - For a relation R on a set A to be transitive means...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on a set A is not...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on a set not symmentric,...Ch. 8.2 - To show that a relation R on a set A is not...Ch. 8.2 - Given a relation R on a set A, the transitive...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 1-8, a number of relations are defined on the...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9—33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9—33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given is reflexive...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9—33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 9-33, determine whether the given relation is...Ch. 8.2 - In 34-36, assume that R is a relation on a et A....Ch. 8.2 - In 34-36, assume that R is a relation on a et A....Ch. 8.2 - In 34-36, assume that R is a relation on a et A....Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on set...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on a...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on set...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on set...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on a...Ch. 8.2 - In 37-42, assume that R and S are relations on a...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 43-50, the following definitions are used: A...Ch. 8.2 - In 51—53, R, S, and T are relations defined on...Ch. 8.2 - In 51—53, R, S, and T are relations defined on...Ch. 8.2 - In 51-53, R,S, and T are relations defined...Ch. 8.2 - Write a computer algorithm to test whether a...Ch. 8.2 - Write a computer algorithm to test whether a...Ch. 8.2 - Write a computer algorithm to test whether a...Ch. 8.3 - For a relation on a set to be an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - The notation m=n(modd) is...Ch. 8.3 - Given an equivalence relation R on a set A and...Ch. 8.3 - If A is a set, R is an equivalence relation A, and...Ch. 8.3 - If A is a set and R is an equivalence relation on...Ch. 8.3 - Let A=Z(Z{0}) , and define a relation R on A by...Ch. 8.3 - Suppose that S={a,b,c,d,e} and R is a relation on...Ch. 8.3 - Each of the following partitions of {0,1,2,3,4}...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3-6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3—6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3-6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 3-6, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7-14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - In each of 7—14, the relation R is an equivalence...Ch. 8.3 - Determine which of the following congruence...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be the relation of congruence modulo 3....Ch. 8.3 - Prove that for all integers m and n,m=n (mod 3)...Ch. 8.3 - Give an example of two sets that are distinct but...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19—31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19—31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31. (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31,(1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19-31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - In 19—31, (1) prove that the relation is an...Ch. 8.3 - Let A be the set of all straight lines in the...Ch. 8.3 - Let A be the set of points in the rectangle...Ch. 8.3 - The documentation for the computer language Java...Ch. 8.3 - Find an additional representative circuit for the...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on a set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be an equivalence relation on s set A. Prove...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be the relation defined in Example 8.3.12....Ch. 8.3 - In Example 8.3.12, define operations of addition...Ch. 8.3 - Let A=Z+Z+ . Define a relation R on A as follows:...Ch. 8.3 - The following argument claims to prove that the...Ch. 8.3 - Let R be a relation on a set A and suppose R is...Ch. 8.3 - Refer to the quote at the beginning of this...Ch. 8.4 - When letters of the alphabet are encrypted using...Ch. 8.4 - If a,b, and n are integers with n1 , all of the...Ch. 8.4 - If a, b. c, d, m, and n arc integers with n1 and...Ch. 8.4 - If a, n, and k are positive integers with n1 , an...Ch. 8.4 - To express a greatest common divisor of two...Ch. 8.4 - To find an inverse for a positive integer a modulo...Ch. 8.4 - TO encrypt a message M using RSA cryptography with...Ch. 8.4 - Euclid’s lemma says that for all integers a, b,...Ch. 8.4 - Fermat’s little theorem says that if p is any...Ch. 8.4 - The crux of the proof that the RSA cipher words is...Ch. 8.4 - Use the Caesar cipher to encrypt the message WHERE...Ch. 8.4 - Use the Caesar cipher to encrypt the message AN...Ch. 8.4 - Let a=25,b=19, and n=3. Verify that 3(2519) ....Ch. 8.4 - Let a=68, b=33, and n=7. Verify that 7|(68-33)....Ch. 8.4 - Prove the transitivity of modular congruence. That...Ch. 8.4 - Prove that the distinct equivalence classes of the...Ch. 8.4 - Verify the following statements. 128=2(mod7) and...Ch. 8.4 - Verify the following statements. 45=3 (mod 6) and...Ch. 8.4 - In 9-11, prove each of the given statements,...Ch. 8.4 - In 9-11, prove each of the given statements,...Ch. 8.4 - In 9-11, prove each of the given statements,...Ch. 8.4 - Prove that for every integer n0,10n=1(mod9) . Use...Ch. 8.4 - a. Prove that for every integer n1 ,...Ch. 8.4 - Use the technique of Example 8.4.4 to find...Ch. 8.4 - Use the result of exercise 14 an d the technique...Ch. 8.4 - In 16-18, use the techniques of Example 8.4.4 and...Ch. 8.4 - In 16-18, use the techniques of Example 8.4.4 and...Ch. 8.4 - In 16-18, use the techniques of Example 8.4.4 and...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - In 19-24, use the RSA cipher from Examples 8.4.9...Ch. 8.4 - Use Theorem 5.2.2 to prove that if a and n are...Ch. 8.4 - In 26 and 27, use the extended Euclidean algorithm...Ch. 8.4 - In 26 and 27, use the extended Euclidean algorithm...Ch. 8.4 - In 28 and 29, for the given values of A and B,...Ch. 8.4 - In 28 and 29, for the given values of A and B,...Ch. 8.4 - Finish the proof of Theorem 8.4.5 by proving that...Ch. 8.4 - Find an inverse for 210 modulo 13. Find appositive...Ch. 8.4 - Find an inverse for 41 modulo 660. Find the least...Ch. 8.4 - Use Theorem 8.4.5to prove that for all integers a,...Ch. 8.4 - Give a counterexample to show that the statement...Ch. 8.4 - Corollary 8.4.7 guarantees the existence of an...Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - Find the least positive inverse for 43 modulo 660.Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - In 36,37,39 and 40, use the RSA cipher with public...Ch. 8.4 - a. Use mathematical induction and Euclid’s lemma...Ch. 8.4 - According to Fermat’s little theorem, if p is a...Ch. 8.4 - Fermat’s little theorem can be used to show that a...Ch. 8.5 - For a relation R on a set A on a set to be...Ch. 8.5 - To show that a relation R on an infinite set A is...Ch. 8.5 - To show that a relation R on a set A is not...Ch. 8.5 - To construct a Hasse diagram for a partial order...Ch. 8.5 - If A is a set that is partially odereed with...Ch. 8.5 - A relation on a set A is a total order if, and...Ch. 8.5 - If A a set that is partially ordered with respect...Ch. 8.5 - Let A be a set that is partially order with...Ch. 8.5 - Given a set A that is partially ordered with...Ch. 8.5 - PERT and CPM are used to produces efficient_____Ch. 8.5 - Each of the following is a relation on {0,1,2,3}...Ch. 8.5 - Let P be the set of all people in the world and...Ch. 8.5 - Let S be the set of all strings of a’s and b’s....Ch. 8.5 - Let R be the “less than” relation on R, the set of...Ch. 8.5 - Let R be the set of all real numbers and define a...Ch. 8.5 - Let P be the set of all people who have ever lived...Ch. 8.5 - Define a relation R on Z, the set of all integers...Ch. 8.5 - Define a relation R on Z, the set of all integers...Ch. 8.5 - Define a relation R on R, the set of all real...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose R and S are antisymmetric relations on a...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b}, and supposeAhas the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Prove Theorem 8.5.1Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b} . Describe all partial order relations...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b,c}. Describe all partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose a relation R on a set A is reflexive,...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the “divides” relation on each of the...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the “sbset” relation on P(S) for each of...Ch. 8.5 - Let S={0,1} and consider the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Let S={0,1} and consider the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Let S={0,1} and consider the partial order...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the “divides” relation defined on the set...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22-29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - In 22—29, find all greatest, least, maximal, and...Ch. 8.5 - Each of the following sets is partially ordered...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b,c,d} , and let R be the relation...Ch. 8.5 - Let A={a,b,c,d} , and let R be the relation...Ch. 8.5 - Consider the set A={12,24,48,3,9} ordered by the...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose that R is a partial order relation on a...Ch. 8.5 - The set P({w,x,y,z}) is partially ordered with...Ch. 8.5 - The set A={2,4,3,6,12,18,24} is partially ordered...Ch. 8.5 - Find a chain of length 2 for the relation defined...Ch. 8.5 - Prove that a partially ordered set is totally...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose that A is a totally ordered set. Use...Ch. 8.5 - Prove that a nonempty, finite, partially ordered...Ch. 8.5 - Prove that a finite, partially ordered set has At...Ch. 8.5 - Draw a Hasse diagram for a partially ordered set...Ch. 8.5 - Draw a Hasse diagram for a partially ordered set...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Use the algorithm given in the text to find a...Ch. 8.5 - Refer to the prerequisite structure show in Figure...Ch. 8.5 - A set S of jobs can be ordered by writing x_y to...Ch. 8.5 - Suppose the tasks described in Example 8.5.12...

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions Do the following.Give the number of periods and the number of years, rounded to the nearest hundredth. a.Find t...

Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey

For each measurement, find the precision, the greatest possible error, the relative error, and the percent of e...

Elementary Technical Mathematics

Bonds A bond has a $12,000 face value, an 8-year maturity, and a 2.95% coupon. Find the total of the interest p...

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

By any method, determine all possible real solutions of each equation in Exercises 1330. Check your answers by ...

Finite Mathematics

In Problems 15-18, write the equation in logarithmic form.
15.

Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences

Determine the values A in degrees and minutes that correspond to the following functions. secA=1.5753

Mathematics For Machine Technology

Fill in the blanks. The periodic payment R on a loan of P dollars to be amortized over n periods with interest ...

Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences

Recent research has shown that creative people are more likely to cheat than their less-creative counter parts ...

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Critical Thinking Consider a binomial experiment with 20 trials and probability 0.45 of success on a single tri...

Understanding Basic Statistics

For Questions 9 and 10, determine if the statement is true or false. Every function has an inverse function.

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

True or False:
converges.

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

In Exercises 1-4, use the graph of the function f to find approximations of the given values. a. f(1) b. f(0) c...

Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Approximating the Slope of a Graph In Exercises 1-4, approximate the slope of the graph at the point (x, y). (E...

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

For Problems 37-46, evaluate each of the algebraic expressions for the given values of the variables. 5(3n1)7(2...

Intermediate Algebra

The article The Association Between Television Viewing and Irregular Sleep Schedules Among Children Less Than 3...

Introduction To Statistics And Data Analysis

Calculating Work Find the work done by the force F in moving an object from P to Q. 38. F = 4i + 20j; P(0, 10),...

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

Matching In Exercises 9-14, match the series with the graph of its sequence of partial sums. [The graphs are la...

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

Repeat Purchases. The president of Colossus.com, Inc., believes that 42% of the firms orders come from customer...

Essentials Of Statistics For Business & Economics

Centroid In Exercises 57 and 58, find the centroid of the region bounded by the graphs of the inequalities. y3x...

Calculus of a Single Variable

Find an equation for the conic that satisfies the given conditions. 36. Parabola, vertical axis, passing throug...

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

Slopes of Lines in the Coordinate Plane For Exercises S-14 through S-25, use the fact that for points (a1,b1) a...

Functions and Change: A Modeling Approach to College Algebra (MindTap Course List)

The following data represent the results of a repeated- measures study comparing different viewing distances fo...

Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

FRED (Federal Reserve Economic Data), a database of more than 3000 U.S. economic time series, contains historic...

Statistics for Business & Economics, Revised (MindTap Course List)

Let Z be a standard normal random variable and calculate the following probabilities, drawing pictures wherever...

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

Convert the expressions in Exercises 6584 to power form. x23

Applied Calculus

In Exercises 1-6, refer to the following figure, and determine the coordinates of each point and the quadrant i...

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Explain why we can be more confident about causal relationships between variables when a quasi-experimental des...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Graph the conics r = e/(1 e cos ) with e = 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 on a common screen. How does the value of e ...

Multivariable Calculus

Express the function in the form f g h. 49. R(x)=x1

Single Variable Calculus

Determine if the statement is true or false. If the statement is false, then correct it and make it true. If ev...

College Algebra (MindTap Course List)

Find the limit. Use lHospitals Rule where appropriate. If there is a more elementary method, consider using it....

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

Find an expression for a cubic function f if f(1)=6 and f(1)=f(0)=f(2)=0.

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Volume I

SOC The following tables list the median family incomes for the 13 Canadian provinces and territories in 2000 a...

Essentials Of Statistics

Finding a Vector In Exercises 83-86, find the sector v with the given magnitude and the same direction as u. Ma...

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

In Review Exercises 7 to 13, sketch and describe the locus in a plane. Find the locus of the midpoints of the r...

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

For an aluminum can, the lateral surface area is 12in2. If the length of the altitude is 1 in. greater than the...

Elementary Geometry for College Students

Let L1 be the line through the points (1,2,6) and (2,4,8). Let L2 be the line of intersection of the planes P1 ...

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

A portion of a data set containing information for 45 mutual funds that are part of the Morningstar Funds 500 f...

STATISTICS F/BUSINESS+ECONOMICS-TEXT

9. Find all elements in each of the following groups such that .
under addition.
under multiplication.

Elements Of Modern Algebra

14. Show four ways to express 15 divided by 5. (1-6)

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

Which is true about the series ?
diverges
converges absolutely
converges conditionally
converges, but not absol...

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Describe and identify an example of the rational method of acquiring knowledge and explain its limitations.

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Finding an Indefinite Integral In Exercises 45-54, find the indefinite integral. csch(1/x)coth(1/x)x2dx

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

Finding CurvatureIn Exercises 2936, find the curvature of the curve. r(t)=acosti+asintj

Multivariable Calculus

For a given motor vehicle, the maximum achievable deceleration from braking is approximately 7 m/sec2 on dry co...

Calculus Volume 2

Evaluate the following functional values. 126. sec(6)

Calculus Volume 1

In Problems 6572 solve the given initial-value problem. 65. y 64y = 16, y(0) = 1, y(0) = 0

A First Course in Differential Equations with Modeling Applications (MindTap Course List)

Solving an Inequality In Exercises 111-116, solve the inequality. Then graph the solution set. x26x270

College Algebra

46. A survey of adults aged 18 and older conducted by Princess Cruises asked how many days into your vacation d...

Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft Office Excel (with XLSTAT Education Edition Printed Access Card) (MindTap Course List)