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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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What is meant by a limiting reactant in a particular reaction? In what way is the reaction “limited”? What does it mean to say that one or more of the reactants are present in excess? What happens to a reaction when the limiting reactant is used up?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The term limiting reactant should be defined and explain in what way the reaction is limited. Explain the meaning of the statement that one or more of the reactants are present in excess and also explain the effect on the reaction when the limiting reactant is consumed in the reaction.

Concept Introduction:

A balanced chemical equation is an equation that contains same number of atoms as well as of each element of reactants and products of reaction.

For example, the reaction between lead sulphide and oxygen is as follows:

2 PbS +  3 O22PbO +  2SO2  Reactants            Products.

Explanation

Limiting reactant is defined as the reactant which is completely consumed in the chemical reaction and it also determines the amount of the product.

When the reactants present in the reaction are completely reacted, and there is no reactant is left after reaction, and then we say the reaction is limited. In general, one can say in the limited reaction all reactant are consumed...

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