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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

What is the hybridization of the carbon atom in phosgene, Cl2CO? Give a complete description of the σ and π bonding in this molecule.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The hybridization of carbon atom in phosgene Cl2CO has to be determined. The σ and π bonding in this molecule should be described.

Concept Introduction:

Hybridization:

  • It is the mixing of valence atomic orbitals to get equivalent hybridized orbitals that having similar characteristics and energy.
  • Geometry of a molecule can be predicted by knowing its hybridization.
  • sp3  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and three p-orbital.
  • sp2  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization between one s-orbital and two p-orbitals.
  • sp  hybrid orbitals is produced by hybridization of single s-orbital and single p-orbital.

Sigma (σ) bonds are the bonds in which shared hybrid orbital’s electron density are concentrated along the internuclear axis.

Pi (π) bonds are the bonds in which shared unhybridized orbital’s (p, d, etc) electron density are concentrated in above and below of the plane of the molecule.

Explanation

The hybridization of carbon atom in phosgene Cl2CO

There are three atoms around central carbon atom in phosgene molecule. The three atoms constitute three electron pair around the carbon atom.

An atom having three electron pair around it normally possesses trigonal planar geometry. Generally Trigonal planar geometry arises due to sp2  hybridization. And so the carbon atom in phosgene molecule is sp2  hybridized

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