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Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305971509
BuyFind

Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305971509

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 9, Problem 1QR
Textbook Problem
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  1. What does the domestic price that prevails without international trade tell us about a nation’s comparative advantage?

Expert Solution
To determine
The advantage to the nation.

Explanation of Solution

The international trade is the exchange of goods and services between different nations in the world. The exchange will take place and the main two processes are the export and imports. The exports is the sale of domestic goods to the foreigners and imports is the vice versa.

When the domestic price of the good is lower than the international price of the commodity, it means that the opportunity cost of production is lower in the domestic country than the foreign country. This means that the domestic country has the comparative advantages of production in the commodity compared to the foreign countries. When the situation is inversed and the domestic price is above the foreign price, it means that the country has higher opportunity cost of producing the commodity and there is no comparative advantage in producing the commodity to the domestic country.

Economics Concept Introduction

Concept introduction:

International trade: It is the trade relation between the countries.

Export: It is the process of selling the domestic goods in the international market. Thus, the goods produced in the domestic firms will be sold to other foreign countries. So, it is the outflow of domestic goods and services to the foreign economy.

Import: It is the process of purchasing the foreign made goods and services by the domestic country. Thus, it is the inflow of foreign goods and services to the domestic economy.

Comparative advantage: It is the ability of the country to produce the goods and services at lower opportunity costs than the other countries.

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