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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

Why are infant feeding problems more common in extremely low birthweight and very low birthweight infants?

  1. a. Preterm birth reduces the nutritional composition of mothers’ breast milk.
  2. b. Preterm infants develop the skills for nursing when they reach a postmenstrual age of 40 weeks gestation.
  3. c. Impaired nutrient absorption and slow gut motility affect tolerance of feedings.
  4. d. Increased energy needs are difficult to achieve because of the preterm infant’s ineffective nippling skills.

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Low birth weight is caused when the infant is born prematurely or it has growth restrictions during pregnancy. Birth is considered preterm and pre mature, when it occurs before the 37th week of pregnancy. Such infants have shunted growth and development and needs special care.

Explanation

Reason for the correct statement:

Option c. is given as “Impaired nutrient absorption and slow gut motility affect tolerance of feedings”.

In extremely low birthweight and very low birthweight infants, gastrointestinal tract is not fully developed and gut mitility is also very slow. They are unable to absorb nutrients as food is not passing through the intestine properly.

Hence, option c. is correct.

Reasons for t incorrect statements:

Option a. is given as “Preterm birth reduces the nutritional composition of mothers' breast milk” but breast milk composition is constant, whether or not the birth is premature. Hence, option a. is incorrect.

Option b. is given as “Preterm infants develop the skills for nursing when they reach a postmenstrual age of 40 weeks of gestation” which is a wrong answer...

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