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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

How does deposition by capillary water differ from deposition (illuviation) by gravitational water?

To determine

The way in which the deposition of capillary water differs from the deposition by gravitational water.

Explanation

Capillary water is the soil water which adheres to soil particles in the form of rounded beads due to the surface tension. The capillary water migrates from areas with more water to the areas with less water. The capillary water moves upward or horizontally to supply plant roots with moisture and dissolved nutrients. The capillary water moves minerals from the subsoil, toward the surface. If this capillary water evaporates, the dissolved minerals deposit in the topsoil.

The soil that percolates down is known as gravitational water. This moves through the voids between soil particles. Gravitational water during its movement dissolves the soluble minerals and carries them deep into the soil to the saturated zone...

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