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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Platinum hexafluoride is an extremely strong oxidizing agent. It can even oxidize oxygen, its reaction with O2 giving O2+PtFt6. Sketch the molecular orbital energy level diagram for the O2+ ion. How many net σ and π bonds does the ion have? What is the oxygen-oxygen bond order? How has the bond order changed on taking away electrons from O2 to obtain O2+? Is the O2+ ion paramagnetic?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

MO diagram for  O2+ in O2+Pt F6 molecule has to be drawn. The number of net σandπ bonds, bond order, magnetic nature (paramagnetic or diamagnetic) and the change in bond order on taking away electrons from O2 to obtain O2+ should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Molecular orbital (MO) theory:  is a method for determining molecular structure in which electrons are not assigned to individual bonds between atoms, but are treated as moving under the influence of the nuclei in the whole molecule.

According to this theory there are two types of orbitals,

  1. (1) Bonding orbitals
  2. (2) Antibonding orbitals

Electrons in molecules are filled in accordance with the energy; the anti-bonding orbital has more energy than the bonding orbitals.

The electronic configuration of oxygen molecule O2 can be represented as follows,

(σ1s)2(σ*1s)2(σ2s)2(σ*2s)2(σ2p)2( π2p)4( π*2p)2 

The * represent the antibonding orbital

Sigma (σ) bonds are the bonds in which shared hybrid orbital’s electron density are concentrated along the internuclear axis.

Pi (π) bonds are the bonds in which shared unhybridized orbital’s (p, d, etc) electron density are concentrated in above and below of the plane of the molecule.

Bond order: It is the measure of number of electron pairs shared between two atoms.

Bondorder=12(NumberofelectronsinbondoingMOs-NumberofelectronsinantibondingMOs)

Bond length is inversely proportional to the bond order.

Atoms with unpaired electrons are called Paramagnetic. Paramagnetic atoms are attracted to a magnet.

Atoms with paired electrons are called diamagnetic. Diamagnetic atoms are repelled by  a magnet

Explanation

There are 15 electrons in O2+. According to the MO theory its electron configuration can be written as,

(σ1s)2(σ*1s)2(σ2s)2(σ*2s)2(σ2p)2( π2p)4( π*2p)1 

MO diagram for O2+ ion can be drawn as follows,

σ*2p(Antibondingelectrons)π*2pπ*2p2px2py2pz2px2py2pzπ2pπ2pȀ

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