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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 9, Problem 2QP
Textbook Problem
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Define replication, transcription, and translation. In what part of the cell does each process occur?

Summary Introduction

To explain: The part of replication, transcription, and translation and the part of the cell in which these processes occur.

Introduction: The amino acids are the subunits of a protein that are linked together with the help of chemical bonding. The proteins are the building blocks of the body that are produced by different mechanisms. The DNA undergo different processes which result in the production of proteins.

Explanation of Solution

The production of two identical DNA molecules from one parent DNA molecule is known as replication. DNA is a double-stranded molecule. Each strand of DNA is separated during the process of replication. Complementary strands of DNA are formed with the help of DNA polymerase which results in the production of two copies of original DNA. This process takes place in the nucleus of the cell.

Transcription process involves the reading of DNA strands by mRNA. This process involves the production of an RNA molecule from DNA with the help of RNA polymerase...

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