BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

A model of the organic compound allene is shown below.

images

  1. (a) Explain why the allene molecule is not flat. That is. explain why the CH2 groups at opposite ends do not lie in the same plane.
  2. (b) What is the hybridization of each of the carbon atoms in allene?
  3. (c) What orbitals overlap to form the bonds between carbon atoms in allene?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

It should be explained that why the allene molecule is not flat.

Concept Introduction

Planner molecule: The molecule has attached for same atom or structure it is allows for it to exist in a planner structure.

Non-planner molecule: The many of molecules attached for different groups for each sides, it is not adopted for planner structure.

Explanation

Analyzing molecular planarity:

The allene is a non-planner due to the way the each carbon (C) atoms are bonded to the central atom (see the structure). Here this molecule more specifically allene contain two carbons bonded to either side of the central carbon by a double bond which can roughly to be translated into pi-bond.

Further this molecule has three p-orbitals by which an atom can bonded through another...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The hybridization of each of the carbon atom in allene molecule should be determined.

Concept Introduction

Hybridization is the mixing of valence atomic orbitals to get equivalent hybridized orbitals that having similar characteristics and energy.

Geometry of a molecule can be predicted by knowing its hybridization.

Geometry of different types of molecule with respect to the hybridizations are mentioned are mentioned below,

TypeofmoleculeHybridaizationAtomicorbitalsusedforhybridaizationGeometryAX2sp1s+1pLinearAX3,AX2Bsp21s+2pTrigonalplanarAX4,AX3B,AX2B2sp31s+3pTetrahedralAX5,AX4B,AX3B2,AX2B3sp3d1s+3p+1dTrigonalbipyramidalAX6,AX5B,AX4B2sp3d21s+3p+2dOctahedralACentralatomXAtomsbondedtoABNonbondingelectronpairsonA

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The orbitals overlap to form the bonds between carbon atoms in allene should be determined.

Concept Introduction

Hybridization is the mixing of valence atomic orbitals to get equivalent hybridized orbitals that having similar characteristics and energy.

Geometry of a molecule can be predicted by knowing its hybridization.

Geometry of different types of molecule with respect to the hybridizations are mentioned are mentioned below,

TypeofmoleculeHybridaizationAtomicorbitalsusedforhybridaizationGeometryAX2sp1s+1pLinearAX3,AX2Bsp21s+2pTrigonalplanarAX4,AX3B,AX2B2sp31s+3pTetrahedralAX5,AX4B,AX3B2,AX2B3sp3d1s+3p+1dTrigonalbipyramidalAX6,AX5B,AX4B2sp3d21s+3p+2dOctahedralACentralatomXAtomsbondedtoABNonbondingelectronpairsonA

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Fasting hypoglycemia maybe caused by all except a. pancreatic tumors. b. poorly controlled diabetes. c. overuse...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What is population genetics?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

An experiment is conducted to measure the electrical resistivity of Nichrome in the form of wires with differen...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)