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Budgetary Performance, Rewards, Ethical Behavior Linda Ellis, division manager, is evaluated and rewarded on the basis of budgetary performance. Linda, her assistants, and the plant managers are all eligible to receive a bonus if actual divisional profits are between budgeted profits and 120% of budgeted profits. The bonuses are based on a fixed percentage of actual profits. Profits above 120% of budgeted profits earn a bonus at the 120% level (in other words, there is an upper limit on possible bonus payments). If the actual profits are less than budgeted profits, no bonuses are awarded. Consider the following actions taken by Linda: a. Linda tends to overestimate expenses and underestimate revenues. This approach facilitates the ability of the division to attain budgeted profits. Linda believes that the action is justified because it increases the likelihood of receiving bonuses and helps to keep the morale of the managers high. b. Suppose that toward the end of the fiscal year, Linda saw that the division would not achieve budgeted profits. Accordingly, she instructed the sales department to defer the closing of a number of sales agreements to the following fiscal year. She also decided to write off some inventory that was nearly worthless. Deferring revenues to next year and writing off the inventory in a no-bonus year increased the chances of a bonus for next year. c. Assume that toward the end of the year, Linda saw that actual profits would likely exceed the 120% limit and that she took actions similar to those described in Item b. Required: 1. Comment on the ethics of Linda’s behavior. Are her actions right or wrong? What role does the company play in encouraging her actions? 2. Suppose that you are the marketing manager for the division, and you receive instructions to defer the closing of sales until the next fiscal year. What would you do? 3. Suppose that you are a plant manager, and you know that your budget has been padded by the division manager. Further, suppose that the padding is common knowledge among the plant managers, who support it because it increases the ability to achieve the budget and receive a bonus. What would you do? 4. Suppose that you are the division controller, and you receive instructions from the division manager to accelerate the recognition of some expenses that legitimately belong to a future period. What would you do?

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Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773
BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 9, Problem 78C
Textbook Problem

Budgetary Performance, Rewards, Ethical Behavior

Linda Ellis, division manager, is evaluated and rewarded on the basis of budgetary performance. Linda, her assistants, and the plant managers are all eligible to receive a bonus if actual divisional profits are between budgeted profits and 120% of budgeted profits. The bonuses are based on a fixed percentage of actual profits. Profits above 120% of budgeted profits earn a bonus at the 120% level (in other words, there is an upper limit on possible bonus payments). If the actual profits are less than budgeted profits, no bonuses are awarded. Consider the following actions taken by Linda:

  1. a. Linda tends to overestimate expenses and underestimate revenues. This approach facilitates the ability of the division to attain budgeted profits. Linda believes that the action is justified because it increases the likelihood of receiving bonuses and helps to keep the morale of the managers high.
  2. b. Suppose that toward the end of the fiscal year, Linda saw that the division would not achieve budgeted profits. Accordingly, she instructed the sales department to defer the closing of a number of sales agreements to the following fiscal year. She also decided to write off some inventory that was nearly worthless. Deferring revenues to next year and writing off the inventory in a no-bonus year increased the chances of a bonus for next year.
  3. c. Assume that toward the end of the year, Linda saw that actual profits would likely exceed the 120% limit and that she took actions similar to those described in Item b.

Required:

  1. 1. Comment on the ethics of Linda’s behavior. Are her actions right or wrong? What role does the company play in encouraging her actions?
  2. 2. Suppose that you are the marketing manager for the division, and you receive instructions to defer the closing of sales until the next fiscal year. What would you do?
  3. 3. Suppose that you are a plant manager, and you know that your budget has been padded by the division manager. Further, suppose that the padding is common knowledge among the plant managers, who support it because it increases the ability to achieve the budget and receive a bonus. What would you do?
  4. 4. Suppose that you are the division controller, and you receive instructions from the division manager to accelerate the recognition of some expenses that legitimately belong to a future period. What would you do?

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Chapter 9 Solutions

Managerial Accounting: The Cornerstone of Business Decision-Making
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Ch. 9 - A budget too easily achieved will lead to...Ch. 9 - Explain why a manager has an incentive to build...Ch. 9 - Discuss the differences between static and...Ch. 9 - Explain why mixed costs must be broken down into...Ch. 9 - What is the purpose of a before-the-fact flexible...Ch. 9 - A budget a. is a long-term plan. b. covers at...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is part of the control...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is not an advantage of...Ch. 9 - The budget committee a. reviews the budget. b....Ch. 9 - A moving, 12-month budget that is updated monthly...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is not part of the...Ch. 9 - Before a direct materials purchases budget can be...Ch. 9 - The first step in preparing the sales budget is to...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is needed to prepare the...Ch. 9 - A company requires 100 pounds of plastic to meet...Ch. 9 - A company plans to sell 220 units. The selling...Ch. 9 - Select the one budget below that is not an...Ch. 9 - A company has the following collection pattern:...Ch. 9 - The percentage of accounts receivable that is...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is not an advantage of...Ch. 9 - Which of the following items is a possible example...Ch. 9 - For performance reporting, it is best to compare...Ch. 9 - To create a meaningful performance report, actual...Ch. 9 - To help assess performance, managers should use a...Ch. 9 - A firm comparing the actual variable costs of...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Sales Budget Patrick Inc. sells...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Production Budget Patrick Inc. makes...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Direct Materials Purchases Budget...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Direct Labor Budget Patrick Inc. makes...Ch. 9 - Preparing an Overhead Budget Patrick Inc. makes...Ch. 9 - Preparing an Ending Finished Goods Inventory...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Cost of Goods Sold Budget Andrews...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Selling and Administrative Expenses...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Budgeted Income Statement Oliver...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Schedule of Cash Collections on...Ch. 9 - Preparing an Accounts Payable Schedule Wight Inc....Ch. 9 - Preparing a Cash Budget La Famiglia Pizzeria...Ch. 9 - Flexible Budget with Different Levels of...Ch. 9 - Performance Report Based on Budgeted and Actual...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Sales Budget Tulum Inc. sells powdered...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Production Budget Tulum Inc. makes a...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Direct Materials Purchases Budget...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Direct Labor Budget Tulum Inc. makes a...Ch. 9 - Preparing an Overhead Budget Tulum Inc. makes a...Ch. 9 - Preparing an Ending Finished Goods Inventory...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Cost of Goods Sold Budget Lazlo...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Selling and Administrative Expenses...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Budgeted Income Statement Jameson...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Schedule of Cash Collections on...Ch. 9 - Pilsner Inc. purchases raw materials on account...Ch. 9 - Preparing a Cash Budget Olivers Bistro provided...Ch. 9 - Flexible Budget with Different Levels of...Ch. 9 - Performance Report Based on Budgeted and Actual...Ch. 9 - Planning and Control a. Dr. Jones, a dentist,...Ch. 9 - Use the following information for Exercises 9-50...Ch. 9 - Use the following information for Exercises 9-50...Ch. 9 - Production Budget and Direct Materials Purchases...Ch. 9 - Production Budget Aqua-Pro Inc. produces...Ch. 9 - Direct Materials Purchases Budget Langer Company...Ch. 9 - Direct Labor Budget Evans Company produces asphalt...Ch. 9 - Sales Budget Alger Inc. manufactures six models of...Ch. 9 - Production Budget and Direct Materials Purchases...Ch. 9 - Schedule of Cash Collections on Accounts...Ch. 9 - Schedule of Cash Collections on Accounts...Ch. 9 - Cash Payments Schedule Fein Company provided the...Ch. 9 - Cash Budget The owner of a building supply company...Ch. 9 - Flexible Budget for Various Levels of Production...Ch. 9 - Use the following information for Exercises 9-63...Ch. 9 - Use the following information for Exercises 9-63...Ch. 9 - Cash Budget Aragon and Associates has found from...Ch. 9 - Operating Budget, Comprehensive Analysis Allison...Ch. 9 - Use the following information for Problems 9-67...Ch. 9 - Use the following information for Problems 9-67...Ch. 9 - Use the following information for Problems 9-67...Ch. 9 - Ryan Richards, controller for Grange Retailers,...Ch. 9 - Participative Budgeting, Not-for-Profit Setting...Ch. 9 - Cash Budget The controller of Feinberg Company is...Ch. 9 - Optima Company is a high-technology organization...Ch. 9 - Direct Materials and Direct Labor Budgets Willison...Ch. 9 - Cash Budgeting Jordana Krull owns The Eatery in...Ch. 9 - Budgeting in the Government Sector, Internet...Ch. 9 - Cash Budget Dr. Roger Jones is a successful...Ch. 9 - Budgetary Performance, Rewards, Ethical Behavior...

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