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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343
BuyFind

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 9, Problem 9.121QP
Textbook Problem

Which of the following are isoelectronic with the potassium ion, K+? What are the electron configurations of these species?

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Chapter 9 Solutions

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)
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Ch. 9.6 - Write the electron-dot formula of carbon dioxide,...Ch. 9.6 - Write the electron-dot formula of a. the hydronium...Ch. 9.6 - Each of the following may seem, at first glance,...Ch. 9.7 - Describe the bonding in NO3 using resonance...Ch. 9.8 - Sulfur tetrafluoride, SF4, is a colorless gas....Ch. 9.8 - Beryllium chloride, BeCl2, is a solid substance...Ch. 9.9 - Write the Lewis formula that best describes the...Ch. 9.9 - Which of the models shown below most accurately...Ch. 9.10 - Estimate the OH bond length in H2O from the...Ch. 9.10 - Formic acid, isolated in 1670, is the irritant in...Ch. 9.11 - Use bond enthalpies to estimate the enthalpy...Ch. 9 - Describe the formation of a sodium chloride...Ch. 9 - Why does sodium chloride normally exist as a...Ch. 9 - Explain what energy terms are involved in the...Ch. 9 - Define lattice energy for potassium bromide.Ch. 9 - Why do most monatomic cations of the main-group...Ch. 9 - The 2+ ions of transition elements are common....Ch. 9 - Explain how ionic radii are obtained from known...Ch. 9 - Describe the trends shown by the radii of the...Ch. 9 - Describe the formation of a covalent bond in H2...Ch. 9 - Draw a potential-energy diagram for a molecule...Ch. 9 - Give an example of a molecule that has a...Ch. 9 - The octet rule correctly predicts the Lewis...Ch. 9 - Describe the general trends in electronegativities...Ch. 9 - What is the qualitative relationship between bond...Ch. 9 - What is a resonance description of a molecule? Why...Ch. 9 - Describe the kinds of exceptions to the octet rule...Ch. 9 - What is the relationship between bond order and...Ch. 9 - Define bond enthalpy. Explain how one can use bond...Ch. 9 - Which of the following contains both ionic and...Ch. 9 - The radii of the species S, S+, and S decrease in...Ch. 9 - Which of the following is the ground-state...Ch. 9 - The element X below could be a sulfur b iodine c...Ch. 9 - Forming Ionic Compounds a Consider a metal atom,...Ch. 9 - Bond Enthalpy When atoms of the hypothetical...Ch. 9 - You land on a distant planet in another universe...Ch. 9 - Which of the following represent configurations of...Ch. 9 - Below on the left side are models of two atoms,...Ch. 9 - Predict a possible monatomic ion for Element 117,...Ch. 9 - Examine each of the following electron-dot...Ch. 9 - For each of the following molecular models, write...Ch. 9 - For each of the following molecular formulas, draw...Ch. 9 - Below are three resonance formulas for N2O...Ch. 9 - Lithium, Li, reacts with element X to form an...Ch. 9 - The enthalpy change for each of the following...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis symbols for the following: a Br b Br c...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis symbols for the following: a O b O2 c...Ch. 9 - Use Lewis symbols to represent the transfer of...Ch. 9 - Use Lewis symbols to represent the electron...Ch. 9 - For each of the following, write the electron...Ch. 9 - For each of the following, write the electron...Ch. 9 - Write the electron configurations of Bi and Bi3+.Ch. 9 - Write the electron configurations of Sn and Sn2+.Ch. 9 - Give the electron configurations of Ni2+ and Ni3+.Ch. 9 - Give the electron configurations of Cu+ and Cu2+.Ch. 9 - Arrange the members of each of the following pairs...Ch. 9 - Arrange the members of each of the following pairs...Ch. 9 - Without looking at Table 9.3, arrange the...Ch. 9 - Which has the larger radius, N3 or P3? Explain....Ch. 9 - Arrange the following in order of increasing ionic...Ch. 9 - Arrange the following in order of increasing ionic...Ch. 9 - Use Lewis symbols to show the reaction of atoms to...Ch. 9 - Use Lewis symbols to show the reaction of atoms to...Ch. 9 - Assuming that the atoms form the normal number of...Ch. 9 - Assuming that the atoms form the normal number of...Ch. 9 - Using a periodic table (not Figure 9.15), arrange...Ch. 9 - With the aid of a periodic table (not Figure...Ch. 9 - Arrange the following bonds in order of increasing...Ch. 9 - Decide which of the following bonds is least polar...Ch. 9 - Indicate the partial charges for the bonds given...Ch. 9 - Indicate the partial charges for the bonds given...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following molecules:...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following molecules:...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following molecules:...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following molecules:...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following ions: a ClO...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following ions: a...Ch. 9 - Write resonance descriptions for the following: a...Ch. 9 - Write resonance descriptions for the following: a...Ch. 9 - Use resonance to describe the electron structure...Ch. 9 - Give the resonance description of the formate ion....Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following: a XeF2 b...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following: a I3 b...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following: a BCl3 b...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following: a BeF2 b...Ch. 9 - Write a Lewis formula for each of the following,...Ch. 9 - Write a Lewis formula for each of the following,...Ch. 9 - For each of the following, use formal charges to...Ch. 9 - For each of the following, use formal charges to...Ch. 9 - Use covalent radii (Table 9.4) to estimate the...Ch. 9 - What do you expect for the BCl bond length in...Ch. 9 - Calculate the bond length for each of the...Ch. 9 - Calculate the CCl and CC bond lengths in ethyl...Ch. 9 - One of the following compounds has a...Ch. 9 - Which of the following two compounds has the...Ch. 9 - Use bond enthalpies (Table 9.5) to estimate H for...Ch. 9 - A commercial process for preparing ethanol (ethyl...Ch. 9 - For each of the following pairs of elements, state...Ch. 9 - For each of the following pairs of elements, state...Ch. 9 - Give the Lewis formula for the selenite ion,...Ch. 9 - Give the Lewis formula for the arsenate ion,...Ch. 9 - Iodic acid, HIO3, is a colorless, crystalline...Ch. 9 - Selenic acid, H2SeO4, is a crystalline substance...Ch. 9 - Sodium amide, known commercially as sodamide, is...Ch. 9 - Lithium aluminum hydride, LiAlH4, is an important...Ch. 9 - Nitronium perchlorate, NO2ClO4, is a reactive salt...Ch. 9 - Solid phosphorus pentabromide, PBr5, has been...Ch. 9 - Write electron-dot formulas for the following: a...Ch. 9 - Write electron-dot formulas for the following: a...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following: a SbCl3 b...Ch. 9 - Write Lewis formulas for the following: a AlCl4 b...Ch. 9 - Give resonance descriptions for the following: a...Ch. 9 - Give resonance descriptions for the following: a...Ch. 9 - The compound S2N2 has a cyclic structure with...Ch. 9 - Acetic acid has the structure CH3CO(OH), in which...Ch. 9 - The atoms in N2O5 are connected as follows: No...Ch. 9 - Methyl nitrite has the structure No attempt has...Ch. 9 - Use bond enthalpies to estimate H for the reaction...Ch. 9 - Use bond enthalpies to estimate H for the reaction...Ch. 9 - Use bond enthalpies to estimate H for the reaction...Ch. 9 - Use bond enthalpies to estimate H for the reaction...Ch. 9 - Compare the properties of an ionic material such...Ch. 9 - What advantages does using an ionic liquid as a...Ch. 9 - Explain the decomposition of nitroglycerin in...Ch. 9 - How did the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel manage to...Ch. 9 - What property of a chemical bond gives rise to the...Ch. 9 - What kind of information can be obtained about a...Ch. 9 - Which of the following Lewis symbols is (or are)...Ch. 9 - Calculate the lattice energy of potassium...Ch. 9 - Draw a figure similar to Figure 9.2 but for the...Ch. 9 - Consider the following ions: Al3+, Mg2+, Na+, S2,...Ch. 9 - Which of the following are isoelectronic with the...Ch. 9 - An ion M2+ has the configuration [Ar]3d2, and an...Ch. 9 - Give the symbol of an atomic ion for each of the...Ch. 9 - Using the ionic radii given in Table 9.3, estimate...Ch. 9 - Calculate the difference in electronegativities...Ch. 9 - Which of the following molecules possesses a...Ch. 9 - Which of the following molecules contains only...Ch. 9 - Draw resonance formulas for the azide ion, N3, and...Ch. 9 - Two fourth-period atoms, one of a transition...Ch. 9 - In Section 9.8, several resonance formulas of BF3...Ch. 9 - Draw resonance formulas of the phosphoric acid...Ch. 9 - Consider all AB bonds that can be formed between...Ch. 9 - Consider hypothetical elements X and Y. Suppose...Ch. 9 - Nitrous oxide, N2O5 has a linear structure NNO....Ch. 9 - Write the electron-dot formula for the nitrous...Ch. 9 - Using bond enthalpies, estimate the heat obtained...Ch. 9 - Phosphorous acid. H3PO3, has the structure...Ch. 9 - Hypophosphorous acid, H3PO2, has the structure...Ch. 9 - An ionic compound has the following composition...Ch. 9 - An ionic compound has the following composition...Ch. 9 - A gaseous compound has the following composition...Ch. 9 - A liquid compound used in dry cleaning contains...Ch. 9 - A compound of tin and chlorine is a colorless...Ch. 9 - A compound of arsenic and fluorine is a gas. A...Ch. 9 - Calculate the enthalpy of reaction for...Ch. 9 - Assume the values of the CH and CC bond enthalpies...Ch. 9 - According to Pauling, the AB bond enthalpy is...Ch. 9 - Because known compounds with NI bonds tend to be...Ch. 9 - Using Mullikens formula, calculate a value for the...Ch. 9 - Using Mullikens formula, calculate a value for the...

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