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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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Chapter
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BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

Write the electron-dot formula for the nitrous acid molecule, H─O─N─O (bond lines are drawn only to show how the atoms are bonded, not the multiplicity of the bonds). The experimental values for the nitrogen-oxygen bonds in this molecule are 120 pm and 146 pm. Assign these values to the N─O bonds in the nitrous acid molecule. Explain how you arrived at your answer.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The resonance formulas for given molecule has to be written and the NO bond length in the molecule is estimated.

Concept introduction:

Resonance formula:

The electron structure of a given molecule contains delocalized bonding via possible structure of all electron-dot formulas is known as resonance description.

One form of resonance stable structure is converted into other forms.  It possible in both single and multiple bonds molecule.  The electron-dot formulas differing only in the placement of single and double bonds

Explanation

The resonance formulas for HNO2

The better resonance formulas can be given below

The outer most shell electrons are 1+(2×6)+5=18

The hydrogen atom is bonded to an Oxygen atom

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