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Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094
Textbook Problem

Effect of doubtful accounts on net income

During its first year of operations, Mack’s Plumbing Supply Co. had sales of $3,250,000, wrote off $27,800 of accounts as uncollectible using the direct write-off method, and reported net income of $487,500. Determine what the net income would have been if the allowance method had been used and the company estimated that 1% of sales would be uncollectible.

To determine

Bad debt expense:

Bad debt expense is an expense account. The amounts of loss incurred from extending credit to the customers are recorded as bad debt expense. In other words, the estimated uncollectible accounts receivable are known as bad debt expense.

Direct write-off method:

This method does not make allowance or estimation for uncollectible accounts, instead this method directly write-off the actual uncollectible accounts by debiting bad debt expense and by crediting accounts receivable. Under this method, accounts would be written off only when the receivables from a customer remain uncollectible.

Allowance method:

It is a method for accounting bad debt expense, where amount of uncollectible accounts receivables are estimated and recorded at the end of particular period. Under this method, bad debts expenses are estimated and recorded prior to the occurrence of actual bad debt, in compliance with matching principle by using the allowance for doubtful account. This method debit allowance for doubtful accounts and credits accounts receivable to write-off the uncollectible accounts.

To determine: The amount of net income would have been, if Company MPS estimated that 1% of sales would be uncollectible, instead of using direct write off method.

Explanation

Determine the net income under allowance method as follows:

Particulars Amount Amount
Net income under direct method   $487,500
    Bad debt expense under direct method $27,800  

    Bad debt expense under allowance method

    ($3,250,000×1%)

$32,500  
Le

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