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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

The radii of the species S, S+, and S decrease in the following order:

  1. a S+ > S > S
  2. b S+ > S > S
  3. c S > S > S+
  4. d S > S+ > S
  5. e S > S > S+

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The decreasing order of the radii of the species has to be identified.

Concept introduction:

The ionic radius is defined as the distance between centre of the nucleus and outermost electron of the ions is called ionic radii.

To determine: The decreasing order of the radii of the species

Explanation

Reasons for correct options:

The decreasing order of the radii of the species is find out.

S- ion is more large radii due to anion it accept one more electrons, S atom size is medium, S atom is less radii than compared to S- ion.  Then the S+ cation radii is less due to it contains more positive charge (positive nuclear charge) so the force of attraction between nucleus and outer most electron is more so the radii of the  S+   ion is less

So the correct answer is (e) (S-

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