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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

Write Lewis symbols for the following:

  1. a O
  2. b O2−
  3. c Ca
  4. d Ca2+

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Lewis symbols for the given ions or atoms have to be written.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron.  The electrons arranged from lower energy level to higher level

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

First the all sub shell orbital’s filled in single electron after that paired.

Lewis structure otherwise known as Lewis dot diagrams or electron dot structures that show the bond between atoms and lone pairs of electrons that are present in the molecule. Lewis structure represents each atom and their position in structure using the chemical symbol. Excess electrons forms the lone pair are represented by pair of dots, and are located next to the atom.

Explanation

Oxygen atom having six electrons in its outer most shell

The arrangement of electron is [He]2s

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Lewis symbols for the given ions or atoms have to be written.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron.  The electrons arranged from lower energy level to higher level

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

First the all sub shell orbital’s filled in single electron after that paired.

Lewis structure otherwise known as Lewis dot diagrams or electron dot structures that show the bond between atoms and lone pairs of electrons that are present in the molecule. Lewis structure represents each atom and their position in structure using the chemical symbol. Excess electrons forms the lone pair are represented by pair of dots, and are located next to the atom.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Lewis symbols for the given ions or atoms have to be written.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron.  The electrons arranged from lower energy level to higher level

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

First the all sub shell orbital’s filled in single electron after that paired.

Lewis structure otherwise known as Lewis dot diagrams or electron dot structures that show the bond between atoms and lone pairs of electrons that are present in the molecule. Lewis structure represents each atom and their position in structure using the chemical symbol. Excess electrons forms the lone pair are represented by pair of dots, and are located next to the atom.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Lewis symbols for the given ions or atoms have to be written.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron.  The electrons arranged from lower energy level to higher level

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

First the all sub shell orbital’s filled in single electron after that paired.

Lewis structure otherwise known as Lewis dot diagrams or electron dot structures that show the bond between atoms and lone pairs of electrons that are present in the molecule. Lewis structure represents each atom and their position in structure using the chemical symbol. Excess electrons forms the lone pair are represented by pair of dots, and are located next to the atom.

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