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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

The following are electron configurations for some ions. Which ones would you expect to see in chemical compounds? State the concept or rule you used to decide for or against any ion.

  1. a Fe2+ [Ar]3d44s2
  2. b N2− [He]2s22p5
  3. c Zn2+ [Ar]3d10
  4. d Na2+ [He]2s22p5
  5. e Ca2+ [Ne]3s23p6

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of given ions which one is chemical compound has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron

The electrons arranged in lower energy level to higher level

Every stable molecule having eight in its outer most shell is based on octet rule.

Outer most shell completely filled or half field shell or empty shells are more stable

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

Explanation

The transition elements having common oxidation number is 2+ ions but it is the outer s electrons that are lost to form these ions in compounds.

Iron electron arrangement is [Ar]3d64s2 , would be

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of given ions which one is chemical compound has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron

The electrons arranged in lower energy level to higher level

Every stable molecule having eight in its outer most shell is based on octet rule.

Outer most shell completely filled or half field shell or empty shells are more stable

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of given ions which one is chemical compound has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron

The electrons arranged in lower energy level to higher level

Every stable molecule having eight in its outer most shell is based on octet rule.

Outer most shell completely filled or half field shell or empty shells are more stable

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of given ions which one is chemical compound has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron

The electrons arranged in lower energy level to higher level

Every stable molecule having eight in its outer most shell is based on octet rule.

Outer most shell completely filled or half field shell or empty shells are more stable

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of given ions which one is chemical compound has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Electronic configuration:   The every atom has electron, proton and neutron

The electrons arranged in lower energy level to higher level

Every stable molecule having eight in its outer most shell is based on octet rule.

Outer most shell completely filled or half field shell or empty shells are more stable

The electron is filled in orbital lower energy is filled first then go for higher energy levels.

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