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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Using the accompanying figure, state which molecular orbital (σ*2s, π2p, or σ2p) has an ionization energy of 15.6 eV.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Using the accompanying figure, it should be stated that which molecular orbital has ionization energy of 15.6eV

Concept Introduction:

Molecular orbital (MO) theory:  is a method for determining molecular structure in which electrons are not assigned to individual bonds between atoms, but are treated as moving under the influence of the nuclei in the whole molecule.

Bond order: The bond order has defined as the net number of bonding electrons pairs linking a pair of atoms. This same concept can be applied directly to molecular orbital theory, but not bond order is defined as.

Bondorder=12(NumberofelectronsinbondoingMOs-NumberofelectronsinantibondingMOs)

Explanation

Let we consider the photolectonic spectrum of (N2) molecule.

    

                             Figure 1: Photoelectronic spectrum of nitrogen molecule

Above the figure.1 shows the valence electron shell in photoelectron spectrum for (N2) molecules. The molecular orbital diagram (Figure-1) indicates that N2 has four types of filled orbitals (σ2s,σ*2s,π2p*

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