Chemistry - 4th Edition - by Julia Burdge - ISBN 9780078021527
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Chemistry
4th Edition
Julia Burdge
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780078021527

Solutions for Chemistry

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Chapter 2 - Atoms, Molecules, And IonsChapter 2.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 2.2 - Sample ProblemChapter 2.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 2.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 2.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 2.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 2.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 2.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 2.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 2.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 2.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 3 - Stoichiometry: Ratios Of CombinationChapter 3.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 3.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 3.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 3.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 3.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 3.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 3.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 3.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 3.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 3.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 3.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 3.12 - Sample ProblemChapter 3.13 - Sample ProblemChapter 3.14 - Sample ProblemChapter 4 - Reactions In Aqueous SolutionsChapter 4.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 4.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 4.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 4.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 4.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 4.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 4.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.12 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.13 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.14 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.15 - Sample ProblemChapter 4.16 - Sample ProblemChapter 5 - ThermochemistryChapter 5.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 5.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 5.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 5.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 5.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 5.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 5.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 5.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 5.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 6 - Quantum Theory And The Electronic Structure Of AtomsChapter 6.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.8 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.9 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 6.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 7 - Electron Configuration And The Periodic TableChapter 7.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 7.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 7.3 - Sample ProblemChapter 7.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 7.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 7.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 7.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 7.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 7.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 8 - Chemical Bonding I: Basic ConceptsChapter 8.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.3 - Sample ProblemChapter 8.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.8 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.9 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 8.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 8.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 8.12 - Sample ProblemChapter 8.13 - Sample ProblemChapter 9 - Chemical Bonding Ii: Molecular Geometry And Bonding TheoriesChapter 9.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 9.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 9.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 9.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 9.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 9.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 9.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 9.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 10 - GasesChapter 10.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 10.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 10.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 10.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 10.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 10.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 10.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 10.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.12 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.13 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.14 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.15 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.16 - Sample ProblemChapter 10.17 - Sample ProblemChapter 11 - Intermolecular Forces And The Physical Properties Of Liquids And SolidsChapter 11.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 11.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 11.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 11.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 11.5 - Sample ProblemChapter 11.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 11.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 11.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 12 - Modern MaterialsChapter 12.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 12.2 - Sample ProblemChapter 12.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 12.4 - Sample ProblemChapter 12.5 - Sample ProblemChapter 12.6 - CheckpointChapter 13 - Physical Properties Of SolutionsChapter 13.1 - Sample ProblemChapter 13.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 13.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 13.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 13.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 13.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 13.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 13.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 13.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 13.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 13.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 14 - Chemical KineticsChapter 14.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 14.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 14.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 14.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 14.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 14.6 - Sample ProblemChapter 14.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 14.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 14.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 14.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 14.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 14.12 - Sample ProblemChapter 15 - Chemical EquilibriumChapter 15.1 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 15.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 15.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 15.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 15.6 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.12 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.13 - Sample ProblemChapter 15.14 - Sample ProblemChapter 16 - Acids And BasesChapter 16.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.8 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.10 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.12 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 16.13 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.14 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.15 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.16 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.17 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.18 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.19 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.20 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.21 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.22 - Sample ProblemChapter 16.23 - Sample ProblemChapter 17 - Acid-base Equilibria And Solubility EquilibriaChapter 17.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 17.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 17.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 17.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 17.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 17.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 17.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 17.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 17.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 17.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 17.11 - Sample ProblemChapter 17.12 - Sample ProblemChapter 17.13 - Sample ProblemChapter 18 - Entropy, Free Energy, And EquilibriumChapter 18.1 - Sample ProblemChapter 18.2 - Sample ProblemChapter 18.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 18.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 18.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 18.6 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 18.7 - Sample ProblemChapter 18.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 18.9 - Sample ProblemChapter 18.10 - Sample ProblemChapter 19 - ElectrochemistryChapter 19.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 19.2 - Sample ProblemChapter 19.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 19.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 19.5 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 19.6 - Sample ProblemChapter 19.7 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 19.8 - Sample ProblemChapter 20 - Nuclear ChemistryChapter 20.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 20.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 20.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 20.4 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 20.5 - Sample ProblemChapter 21 - Environmental ChemistryChapter 21.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 21.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 21.3 - Sample ProblemChapter 21.8 - CheckpointChapter 22 - Coordination ChemistryChapter 22.1 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 22.2 - Sample ProblemChapter 22.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 22.4 - Sample ProblemChapter 23 - Metallurgy And The Chemistry Of MetalsChapter 24 - Nonmetallic Elements And Their CompoundsChapter 25 - Organic ChemistryChapter 25.1 - Sample ProblemChapter 25.2 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 25.3 - Sample Problem And CheckpointChapter 25.4 - Sample ProblemChapter 25.5 - Sample Problem And Checkpoint

Book Details

Chemistry, Fourth Edition, by Julia Burdge offers a clear writing style written with the students in mind. Julia uses her experience of teaching hundreds of general chemistry students per year and creates content to offer more in-depth explanation in areas where she knows they have problems. Continuing in the Burdge tradition, the fourth edition maintains an outstanding art program, a consistent problem-solving approach, interesting applications woven throughout the chapters, and a wide range of end-of-chapter problems.

Sample Solutions for this Textbook

We offer sample solutions for Chemistry homework problems. See examples below:

Given information: The volume of seawater is 1.5×1021 L. The seawater contains 3.1% sodium chloride...Given information: The surface area of the oceanis 1.8×108 km2 Depth of the ocean is 3.9×103 m The...Given information: The mass percent of chlorine in solution is 6.0%. The water in the swimming pool...Given information: The number of people in the city is 50,000. The daily consumption of water per...a) Given information: Number of breaths per minute is 12. The volume of air per breath of a resting...Reasons for the correct option: The compound CaSO4 contains a polyatomic sulfate ion. Here, cation...For 23He: Number of neutrons =Mass number (A)−Number of protons =3−2=1 From the periodic table, the...For 715N: Number of neutrons= Mass number (A)−Number of protons=15−7=8 From the periodic table, the...For 79198Au: From the periodic table, the atomic number of gold is 79. Number of neutrons =Mass...a) KH2PO4 The compound KH2PO4 contains a potassium ion (K+) and a dihydrogen phosphate ion (H2PO4−)...a) KClO The compound KClO contains a potassium ion (K+) and a hypochlorite ion (ClO-) . Hypochlorite...a) Rubidium nitrite. The rubidium ion (Rb+) and the nitrite ion (NO2-) combine to form the ionic...a) Copper (I) cyanide The copper (I) cation has a charge of +1 always, and the cyanide anion, CN-,...Atoms are neutral if they contain the same number of protons and electrons. a)The species which are...For the first element, Number of protons =5. Number of electrons =5. Number of neutrons =6. For the...(a) The number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of each atom The atomic number and mass number...The cations and anions are linked together by the electrostatic attraction to form an ionic...a) The Rutherford’s experiment and the results that revealed the nuclear structure of the atom. The...a)The radius r is proportional to the cube root of the mass number A. Nucleons are defined as the...Reason for thecorrect option: See the balanced chemical equation: N2H4+2N2O4→6NO +2H2O Here, 32 g...Reason for the correct option: Mass of calcium phosphide, Ca3P2=225.0 g. Mass of water, H2O = 125.0...Reason for the correct option: Mass of calcium phosphide, Ca3P2=225.0 g. Mass of water, H2O = 125.0...a)Potassium hydroxide and phosphoric acid react to form potassium phosphate and water. Potassium...a) C + O2 → CO There is one atom of carbon each on the right and the left side of the equation....a) N2O5 → N2O4 + O2 There are two atoms of nitrogen on either side of the equation. However, there...Given information: The compound contains 40% carbon. The hydrogen to oxygen ratio in the compound is...a) 8.38 g KBr The number of moles of ions in 8.38 g KBr with the molecular weight of 119 g/mole is...Given information: Mass of the mixture=13.43 g Mass of the products=64.84 g The balanced chemical...Given information: The percent composition by mass of Na is 32.08%, O is 36.01%, and Cl is 19.51%....Given information: mHNO3=1 ton The formation of HNO3 takes place by the Ostwald process with the...a) The number of salicylic acid is required to produce 0.400 g of aspirin. The number of moles is...a) The empirical formula of lysine 2.175 g lysine gave 3.94 g of CO2 and 1.89 g of H2O. 1.873 g...Given information: For gasoline mCO2=55.9 gmH2O=28.61 g For methyl tert-butyl ether mCO2=30.2...a) The price (dollar per kg)of K2SO4. The cost of KCl is $0.55 per kg. The molar mass of KCl is,...Given information: Volume of octane =1.00 gal The total mass of CO, CO2 and H2O formed is 11.53 kg....a) The molar mass and percent composition of ferrous fumarate The molar mass is calculated by adding...Reason for correct option: When aqueous solutions of K2SO4 and FeCl2 are combined, the following...a) AgNO3(aq)+ Na2SO4(aq) The balanced molecular equation for the given reaction is: 2AgNO3(aq)+...a) Na2S(aq)+ ZnCl2(aq) The balanced molecular equation for the given reaction is: Na2S(aq)+...(a) The balanced molecular equation for the given reaction is as follows: HBr(aq)+NH3(aq)→NH4Br(aq)...(a) The balanced molecular equation for the given reaction is as follows:...Given information: The concentration of the solution is 0.100 M and the volume of the solution is...Calculate the concentration of chloride ion in 0.150 M BaCl2 solution. BaCl2 dissociates as follows:...Given information: 3.25 M Na2SO4, 1.78 M Na2CO3, 0.585 M NaHCO3 Calculate the concentration of Na+...a) Combination 1: 105.5 mL 1.508 M Pb(NO3)2and 250.0 mL 1.2075 M KCl Combination 2: 138.5 mL 1.469 M...a) Combination 1: 32.75 mL 1.005 M Hg2(NO3)2and 40.75 mL 0.9885 M NaCl Combination 2: 21.45 mL...(a) Given information: The given reaction is as follows: Cl2+2OH−→Cl−+ClO−+H2O This is an...a) NaNO3 and Ba(NO3)2 A soluble sulphate salt, like sodium sulfate Na2SO4, if added to a mixture of...Given information: The reaction of Mg(NO3)2 solution with NaOH solution. The mass of Mg(NO3)2 in the...Given information: The reactions thatinvolve ionic species aregiven as follows: A 1.0 M KOH solution...BaSO4 precipitates show poor solubility in water. They are also insoluble in alcohols. It can be...a)Balanced equation for each step and classify reactions The equation for the reaction is as...a) Given information: The reaction for breathalyzer is as follows:...Reason for the correct option: The given reaction is as follows: Mg(OH)2(s)→MgO(s)+H2O(l) From...a) C2H4(g)+3O2(g)→2CO2+2H2O(l) The combustion of the given reaction is as follows:...Given information: One mole of water gas, which is equal to 0.5 mol H2 and 0.5 mol CO. The...Given information: Density dC2H5OH=0.7894 g/mL ΔH°f(C2H5OH)=−277.0 kJ/mol Density dC8H18=0.7025 g/mL...a) H2(g)+S(rhombic)→H2S(g) The reaction is given as follows: H2(g)+S(rhombic)→H2S(g) Hydrogen in its...Given information: ΔH°f[ HF(aq) ]=−320.1 kJ/molΔH°f[ OH−(aq) ]=−229.6 kJ/molΔH°f[ F−(aq) ]=−329.1...Given information: ΔH°[C2H2(s)]=−1299.4 kJ/molΔH°[C6H6(s)]=−3267.4 kJ/mol The given reaction is as...Given information: Molar heat of neutralisation is −56.2 kJ/mol. Ti=17.35∘C Tf=19.02∘C Specific heat...Given information: Combustion of 0.4196 g hydrocarbon releases 1.419 g of CO2 and 0.290 g of H2O. a)...Given information: Molar heat of neutralisation is −56.2 kJ/mol. Ti=22.4∘C Heat capacity C=496 J/∘C...a) A balance equation for the given process. The reaction of carbon dioxide with aqueous lithium...a) An equation for reaction. The reaction of calcium carbide with water in order to form acetylene...a)The energy released when 2.0 g glucose tablet is burned in air. The reaction involved in...a)The final temperature of the product Ca(OH)2. Mass of water is mwater=500 g. The reaction for...a) A balanced chemical equation for the given process. The reaction for decomposition of hydrazine...Given information: A 50 ml of 0.0135 M HBr is mixed with 50 ml of 0.00755 M Ba(OH)2 in coffee-cup...Reasons for the correct option: The atomic number of Mo is 42. The number of electrons present in a...a) Convert frequency into wavelength, does it falls in visible region? The frequency of a photon is...Given information: ν=9.87×1015 Hz a) Wavelength of electromagnetic radiation in nanometer The...Given information: E1=−15×10−19 JE4=−1.0×10−19 J E2=−10×10−19 JE3=−5.0×10−19 J a) The wavelength of...Given information: The mass of an electron me is 9.109×10−31 kg. The mass of a proton mp is...For 1s, the principle quantum number (n) is 1. The angular momentum quantum number (l) is 0 to n−1;...Given information: Ge, Fe, Zn, Ni, W, and Tl elements. Every electron occupies the orbitals in the...The Planck’s constant is 6.6×10−34 J.s. The speed of light is 3×108 m/s. The Lyman series deals with...(a) Given information: The frequency of metal A (νA) is 5.2×1014 s−1. The frequency of metal B (νB)...a)Calculate the wavelength of 0.141 kg baseball ((in nm) at this speed The mass of the ball is 0.141...Given information: R∞ for He=4.39×107 m−1. The first four transitions in the Balmer series are as...a) n=4 is the first excited state. First excited state is the energy state, which is immediate next...a) Plot the first three vibrational energy levels for HCl The vibrational energy of diatomic...a)The minimum uncertainty in an electron’s position The mass of the electron is 9.1094×10−31 kg. The...Given information: ΔE=R∞hc(1n12−1n22)R∞=1.097×107 m−1 n1=5 and n2=1 ni=5 and nf=1 The difference in...Reason for correct option: For the elements, Al and Ga, Ga is below Al in the same group, indicating...a)Ion Li+ The neutral state of lithium is Li3 withelectronic configuration 1s22s1. Li+ has...A neutral atom in its ground state cannot be isoelectric with any other element. However, ions may...a)Ion Sc3+ The neutral state of scandium is Sc21 with the electronic configuration [Ar]3d14s2. Sc3+...a) [Ar]3d3 Theoretically, the metal ion M3+ having three electrons in the 3d subshell should have a...Given information: I1=520 kJ/mol En=−(2.18 × 10−18 J) Z2(1n2) E=1.96× 104 kJ/mol The total energy...a)Molecular oxygen Molecular oxygen (O2) is atmospheric oxygen. The reaction is given as follows:...Given information: IE1=(1312 kJ/mol)(Zeff2 / n2). The equation for first ionization energy is given...a) Na+ Sodium ion (Na+) forms when sodium ([Ne]3s1) lose one electron. So, the electronic...Given information: E1=412 kJ/mol E2=126 kJ/mol The energy difference between the ground state and...Reason for the correct option: Since carbon and nitrogen are smaller in size and do not have a...a) Atom—I The number of valence electrons in I atom is =7 So, there are 3 lone pairs present. So,...Given information: The value of ΔHf∘[Ca(g)] from Appendix 2 is 179.3 kJ/mol. The value of...a) NCl3 The electronic configuration of nitrogen and chlorine in NCl3 is as:...a) OF2 The electronic configuration of oxygen and fluorine in OF2 is as follows:...a) COBr2 The electronic configuration of carbon, oxygen, and bromine in COBr2 is as follows:...a) The given Lewis structure is as follows: The electronic configurations of hydrogen, carbon, and...a) XeF2 The electronic configurations of xenon and fluorine in XeF2 are as follows:...a)The enthalpy of reaction from the average bond enthalpies. The given reaction is...Given information: The reaction is as follows: Li(g)+I(g)→Li +(g)+I−(g) The given reaction is as...For NH4+ The atomic number of nitrogen is seven and that of hydrogen is one. To form NH4+, nitrogen...a) ΔH°rxn=∑BE(reactants)−∑BE(products). The given reaction is as follows: H2(g)+I2(g)→2 HI(g). The...a)Methanol (CH3OH). There are a total 14 electrons in CH3OH and deduct ten electrons to account for...a) The bond enthalpy of the F2− ion The reaction for the formation of 2F is as follows: F2(g)→2F(g)...a)The Lewis structure of vinyl chloride There are a total of 18 electrons in C2H3Cl. Subtract 12...a) Lewis structure for radical (OH) The skeletal structure for OH radical is as follows: O−H The...Reason for the correct option: Lewis dot structure of PBr3 is shown below: In this molecule, the...The Lewis structure of CH3−CH3 molecule is as follows: In this, the two carbon atoms are bonded to...The orbital σ1s is a bonding molecular orbital formed by constructive overlap of the 1s orbitals of...The electron configuration of a hydrogen atom is 1s1. The electronic configuration for H2 molecule...The electronic configuration of an oxygen atom is [ He ]2s22p4. The molecular orbital diagram for O2...a) The electronic configuration of P2 The electronic configuration of a phosphorus atom is...a) BeCl2 The Lewis structure of BeCl2 is as follows: In this structure, the Be atom is bonded to two...The electron configuration of a boron atom is 1s22s22p1. In a B2 molecule, two boron atoms are...The electronic configuration of a carbon atom is 1s22s22p2 and that of a nitrogen atom is 1s22s22p3....a) The molecular orbitals involved to be identified and a diagram to show the transition. The...The hypothetical reaction between elemental sulfur and sulfur trioxide is as follows: S8+SO3→SO2 The...Given information: Mass of helium mHe=0.524 g Mass of argon mAr=0.275 g Mass of methane mCH4=2.05 g...Given information: Pressure P=97.3 mmHg Temperature T=77oC Volume is V=378 cm3 The pressure is 97.3...Given information: Mass: mNH3=73 gmHCl=73 g Temperature T=14 °C Pressure P=752 mmHg The reaction for...Given information: Number of moles of CH4 nCH4=0.31 mol Number of moles of C2H6 nC2H6=0.25 mol...a) The partial pressure of each gas in atmospheres For O2, Calculate the mole fraction of oxygen as...a) Container that has the smallest mole fraction of gas A(red) The red ball sphere represents the...Given information: 4C3H5(NO3)3(s)→12CO2(g)+10H2O(g)+6N2(g)+O2(g). Pressure is 1.2 atm, temperature...Given information: Volume: Vi=2 LVii=1 LViii=2 L Pressure: Pi=2 atm a)The pressure in flak (ii) and...Given information: For He, Volume is 1.2 L. Pressure is 0.63 atm. Temperature is 16oC For Ne, Volume...Given information: The reaction of nitric oxide with molecular oxygen at 25°C is as follows:...Given information: Mass m=54.2 g Pressure P=24.8 atm Temperature T=120 °C Volume V=2 L The...Given information: Mass m=7.63 g Volume V=1.67 L Temperature T=26°C Pressure P=1.24 atm The reaction...Given information: Pressure, P=0.98 atm Temperature, T=25 °C Density, d=2.7 g/L Let the volume be 1...a)The rate of CO production in mol/min The molar mass of carbon monoxide is 28 g/mol. The rate of...Given information: Temperature T=850°C Distance d=2.8 cm Diameter=15 cm Revolutions=130...Given information: Number of moles n=5 mol Volume V=1.92 L Temperature T=300 K The equation for an...a)Nitrogen at 25°C of temperature The most probable speed can be calculated as: ump=2RTM. The...a)Equations representing given two reactions The balanced reaction of calcium oxide with carbon...Reason for the correct option: The molecule, methanol (CH3OH),is a polar molecule. This is so due to...Given information: The vapour pressure of benzene is P1, 40.1 mm Hg. The temperatures of benzene are...Given information: The unit cell of metallic barium has a body centred cubic cell lattice. The edge...Given information: Specific heat of ice is 2.03 J/g.∘C. Specific heat of steam is 1.99J/g.∘C and...Given information: For SCC, a=2r; for BCC, a=4r3; for FCC, a=8r. In a simple cubic cell, spheres are...To convert temperature from degree Celsius to kelvin, the expression is as follows: K = oC+273 Here,...Given information: Volume of the vessel is 9.6 L, mass of water is 2.0 g. According to the ideal gas...Given information: Radii of the anion =150 pm; Radii of cation =92 pm; Mass of the anion =98 amu;...Given information: The vapor pressure of atmosphere on earth is P1,1 atm. Temperatures of dry ice...Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics are two different classes of polymers, which are...Reasons for the correct options: The reaction is shown below: Br2(l)→BR2(g) In the given reaction,...a) 1.22 M sugar (C12H22O11) solution The molarity of the sugar solution is 1.22 M thatmeans 1.22 mol...Given information: Density of the solution is 0.984 g/mL. Percent by mass of ethanol is 15.0...Given information: The partial pressures of oxygen and nitrogen are 0.20 & 0.80 atm,...Given: The solubility of N2 in blood is 5.6×10−4 mol/L. The total volume of blood in body is 5.0 L....Given information: The amount of water is, (mH2O)=552 g. The vapor pressure of pure water is,...Given information: Vwater=6.50 LTf°=0°CTf=−20°CDensity of ethylene glycol =1.11 g/mL Ethylene glycol...Given information: Volume of a gas is 4.00 L. Pressure is 748 mm Hg. Absolute Temperature is 27 °C....a) 21.2 g NaCl in 135 mL of water Since 1000 mL is equivalent to 1 kg, the mass of 135 mL of water...Given information: 41.8% carbon, 4.7% hydrogen, 37.3% oxygen, and 16.3% nitrogen. Mass of solute is...a)Drive the equation relating the molality and molarity of a solution The mass of the solvent (in...Given information: Moles of A: 1.2 mole. Moles of B: 2.3 mole. Total vapor pressure is 331 mmHg....Given information: The osmotic pressure is 10.50 atm. The density is 1.16 g/mL. The gas constant R...Given information: Molar mass of the enzyme is 23930 g/mol. Mass of enzyme is 0.100 g. Mass of water...The tabulated concentration of all the ions is as follows: MgCl2 if[MgCl2]=0.054 M [Mg2+]=0.054 M...a) The molar mass of protein from given data Calculate the molarity of the solution using the...Reasons for the correct option: Molar mass of A is 100 g/mol. Molar mass of B is 110 g/mol. The...Reason for the correct option: Let the initial concentration (A0) be 100 and the concentration at...(a) Given information: Equation: H2(g)+I2(g)→2HI(g). For a general reaction given as follows:...a) Rate of formation of ammonia The given reaction is as follows: N2(g)+3H2(g)→2NH3(g) Molecular...Given information: The following gas phase reaction was studied at a temperature of 290°C by...Given information: Rate constant of the first-order reaction is, k1=4.60×10−4s−1k2=8.80×10−4s−1 The...Given information: The data corresponding to the reaction is given as follows:...Given information: The reaction between hydrogen and nitric acid, at 700°C is as follows:...a)The rate law for the reaction For the determination of rate law, calculate the exponents as...Given information: The given reaction is as follows: H2(g)+I2(g)→2HI(g) The rate constant for this...Given information: The reaction is given as follows: CH3+C2H6→CH4+C2H5 The rate constant of the...Given information: Rate constant, k=3.2×10−4s−1 Temperature, T=450oC Pressure, P=0.350 ​atm Time,...Given information: A 1.0 g of radium-226 sample disintegrates and its molar mass is 226.03 g/mol. To...Given information: The reaction between hemoglobin and oxygen is as follows: Hb(aq)+O2(aq)→HbO2(aq)...The overall balanced equation is written as follows: P→P*2P*→P2 _P→12P2 The average molar mass is...Given information: The initiation step is as follows: R2→ki2R⋅. The R⋅ species is a radical that...The K a for hydrocyanic acid ( HCN ) is 4 .9 × 10 -10 . Determine the concentration of H + in a...Write equilibrium constant expressions for K c , and for K p , if applicable, for the following...a) 2NO2(g)+7H2(g)⇄2NH3(g)+4H2O(l) The constant expression for the reaction that is applicable only...Given Information: The given reaction is as follows: 2NOBr(g)⇄2NO(g)+Br2(g) The percent dissociation...Given information: The given reaction is as follows: A2+B2⇄2AB In the given reaction, the mixture of...Given information: The KP for the reaction is 4.31×10−4. One mole of N2 and three moles of H2 are...15.96 About 75 percent of hydrogen for industrial use is produced by the steam-reforming process....a) 4NH3(g)+5O2(g)⇌4NO(g)+6H2O(g) The change in the number of moles of product and reactant is...Given information: Kp= 4.31×10−4 The given balanced equation is as follows: N2(g)+H2(g)⇌2NH3(g) The...Consider the equilibrium reaction described in Problem 15.30. A quantity of 2.50 g of PCl 5 . is...Given information: The vapor pressure of mercury is 0.0020mmHg. a) Kc and Kp for the process...Given information: The density of mixture is 2.3 g/L. The pressure of the gas is 1.3 atm. The...Given Information: The mass of iodine in the solution is 0.032 g. The volume of the solution is...a)The ΔH∘ for the reaction graphically. The ΔH∘ for the reaction is calculated by plotting lnKp...8.3×10−15M Use the equilibrium expression Kw as follows: Kw=[H3O+][OH-]=1.0×10−14 Rearrange the...Given information: The concentration of nitrite ion (NO2−) at 25°Cis 0.22 M. The Ka value for...Given information: The concentration of formic acid (HCOOH) at 25°Cis 0.096 M and 41.0 mL is the...Given information: The concentration of pyridine (C5H5N) at 25°Cis 1.12 M and the volume is 26.0 mL....Given information: a) 0.016 M Refer Table 16.6 for the acid ionization constant of formic acid as...Given information: The concentration of the bases NaOH and NH3 is given as 0.10 M. 0.10 M NaOH,...a) 0.10 M. Refer to Table 16.7 for the Kb value of ammonia as 1.8×10−5. When a weak base is...In the solution of phosphoric acid the H3PO4, H2PO4−, HPO42−, PO43−, and H3O+ species are present....Given information: The concentration of both the acids HCl and H2SO4 is given as 0.040 M. For 0.040...Given information: The concentration of potassium hydrogen sulphate (KHSO4) at 25 ∘C is 0.20 M. The...Given information: The concentration of carbonic acid (H2CO3) at 25 ∘C is 0.025 M. Refer to table...Given information: The concentration of phosphoric acid (H3PO4) at 25 ∘C is 0.25 M. The Ka1, Ka2,...When the oxalic acid is dissolved in water, the dissociation takes place in two steps as it is a...a) CO2 The species CO2 is an oxide of a nonmetal, and carbon (C) is present in its highest oxidation...Given information: 10.0 g white phosphorus is burned in excess oxygen and the product is then...Given information: The concentration of NH4CN is 2.00 M. In the salt NH4CN, the ions present are...Given information: The concentration of phosphoric acid (H3PO4) at 25°Cis 0.100 M. Refer to Table...Given information: The concentration of the solution that contains sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) is...Given information: A solution of two weak acids that contains 1.00 M HF and HCN. Refer to table 16.6...Given information: The volume of the solution is 250 mL and the pH of the solution is 10.00. From...Given information: The pH of methylamine CH3NH2 solution is 10.64. Also, the volume of the solution...Given information: Theconcentration of NaOH is 0.10 M and the volume is 35 mL, and theconcentration...Reason for correct option: The term log[conjugate base][acid] in the expression for the value...a) 0.40 M CH3COOH the solution. CH3COOH is a weak acid. Summarize the concentration at equilibrium...Given information: The concentration of acetic acid and sodium acetate is 1.0 M each. The volume of...Given information: The concentration of NaOH is 0.167 M . The volume of NaOH is 500 mL or 0.500 L....Given information: The concentration of CH3COOH is 0.1 M, the concentration of KOH is 0.2 M and the...a) 0.0 mL solution Thereaction between NH3 and HCl is as follows: NH3(aq)+HCl(aq)⇌NH4Cl(aq). From...a) CuBr(s) The balanced equation for the dissociation of CuBr(s) is as follows:...a) SrF2, 7.3×10−2 g/L. Convert from (g/L)to(mol/L) by dividing with molar mass of the SrF2....Given information: The solubility product of SrF2 is 2×10−10, the concentration of NaF is 0.06 M ,...a) Pure water Thesolubility product constant of Pb(Br)2 is 8.9×10−6 M, The equation of the...a)ApH is 8.00 The equation of the dissociation of Fe(OH)2 is as follows: Fe(OH)2(s)⇌Fe2+(aq)+...Given information: The concentration of NaOH is 0.167 M . The volume of NaOH is 500 mL or 0.500 L....a)The molar solubility of CaCO3 is 9.3×10−5 M, it’s molar solubility in 0.050 M Na2CO3. This problem...Given information: The solubility product constant of SrSO4 is 3.8×10−7 and the solubility product...Given information: The concentration of [Br−], [CO32−], and [SO42−] in the solution is 0.1 M. The...Reason for correct option: The Gibbs energy is given by the expression as follows: ΔG = ΔH−TΔS Here,...a) S(Rhombic)+O2(g)→ SO2(g) The standard entropy change for the reaction is calculated using the...a) H2(g)+CuO(s)→ Cu(s)+H2O(g) The standard entropy change for this reaction is calculated using the...a) S(Rhombic)+O2(g)→ SO2(g) at T=25oC The entropy change of the universe, for this reaction, is...a) H2(g)+CuO(s)→ Cu(s)+H2O(g) The entropy change of the universe for this reaction is calculated...a) 2KClO4(s)→ 2KClO3(s)+O2(g) The entropy change of the universe for this reaction is calculated by...a) PCl3(l)+Cl2(g)→ PCl5(g) Calculate entropy change of the universe for the given reaction....a) Value of ΔGo and KP for equilibrium reaction PCl5(g) ⇌ PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) The given reaction, for...a) [H+]=1.0×10−7 M, [OH−]=1.0×10−7M The given reaction for which ΔG is to be calculated is as...Given information: The reaction is as follows: N2(g)+O2(g)⇌2NO(g) Temperature T2=25oC and ΔGrxno is...Given information: The reaction is as follows: H2O(g)+CO(g)⇌CO2(g) +H2(g). Temperature, T=300oC. The...a) Type of redox reaction The equation for the reaction of H2S(g) with SO2(g) is as follows:...a) Equation for the reaction of CO(g) with NO(g). The equation for reaction of CO(g) with NO(g) is...The reduction half-reaction for copper metal is as follows: Cu2+ + 2e− → Cu Therefore, two moles of...a) H2O2+Fe2+→Fe3++H2O (in acidic solution) In step 1, half reactions are separated as follows:...a) Mn2++H2O2→MnO2+H2O(in basic solution) Step 1: Thehalf-reactions are separated as follows:...a) Ca(s)+Cd2+(aq)⇌Ca2+(aq)+Cd(s) For a spontaneous reaction, the Ecell∘ value of the reaction should...a) Br2(l) + 2I−(aq) ⇌2Br−(aq) + I2(s) This reaction can be written as two half-reactions, as shown...a) Mg(s) + Pb2+(aq) ⇌Mg2+(aq) + Pb (s) This reaction can be written astwo half-reactions, as...a) Mg(s) + Sn2+(aq)⇄ Mg2+(aq)+Sn(s), [ Mg2+ ]=0.045M, [ Sn2+ ]=0.035M The overall reaction of...a) 10.0 tons of aluminum The ton of the metal formed by 1 mole of the electron is to be calculated...a) H2(g) + Ni2+(aq) → H+(aq) + Ni(s) (1) The half-reaction Consider that the galvanic cellis made up...Given information: The mass of iron ore is 0.2792 g, the volume of KMnO4 is 23.30 mL, and the...a) Balance the equation MnO4−(aq) + H2O2(aq) → Mn2+(aq) + O2(g) Consider that the galvanic cellis...The standard free energy change as follows: ΔG°=−nFEo Here, ΔG° is the standard free energy change,F...Given information: The mass of magnesium is 1.56 g. Volume of AgNO3 is 100.0 mL. Concentration of...Given information: The given reaction is as follows: Zn(s)+12O2(g)→ ZnO(s) The current is 2.1×105 A....The reactions in which a nucleus or two nuclei of an atom and nucleons from the outer side of the...a) 1226Mg +11p →α+X. The atomic mass and atomic number of α are 4 and 2 , respectively. Now, apply...a) 53135I →54135Xe+X. Now, apply the balancing rules as follows: ∑Reactant mass number = ∑Product...a) 37Li 7.01600 amu. In the given nucleus, 37Li, the number of protons and neutrons are 3 and 4,...a) 24He (4.002603 amu). In the given nucleus, 24He, the number of protons and neutrons are 2 and 2,...a) X(p,α)126C. It is known that while writing the abbreviated form, the reactant is written first....a)The mass of 510B is 10.0129 amu. In the given nucleus, 510B, the number of protons and neutrons is...a) Number of 27Mg nuclei left after 30 min. Half -life of 27Mg = 9.50 min Initial amount of 27Mg...a) The energy released (in joules) in each of the following two decays The decay of 90Sr as follows:...a) The equation for the reaction; 210Po is prepared by bombarding 210Bi with neutrons. It is known...Given information: Initial mass of 238Pu =1mg Energy of the alpha particle per decay =9.0×10−13 J At...The troposphere is the layer of atmosphere closest to Earth’s surface. The troposphere is the...Calculate the mass (in kg) of nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide gases in the atmosphere. Assume...Given information: The quantity of ozone in the stratosphere is equivalent to a 3.0 mm thick layer...The number of moles of gas is directly proportional to the volume of the gas. Thus, 0.42 ppm by...The partial pressure of carbon dioxide is calculated as follows: PCO2=XCO2×PT Here, XCO2 is the mole...Given information: The given reaction is as follows: NO2→ NO + OO + O2→ O3 The reaction is as...a) The number of 100 lb marble statues the resulting rain can damage. Sulfur dioxide released is 50...Given information: The partial pressure of R222n is 1.2×10-6 mmHg and the half-life is 3.8 days....a) Equations of that representing the reaction between N2O and oxygen atoms to produce NO, which is...a) The rate law for the reaction 2NO(g)+O2(g)→2NO2(g) The rate law for a given reaction is as...The d-block elements are known as transition elements as they lie between the s-block and p-block...The transition metals have unpaired electrons in a d subshell and the species containing unpaired...Transition metals have a greater number of oxidation states than any other element due to their...Given information: Volume of Fe(NO3)3 is 1.0 mL. Concentration of Fe(NO3)3 is 0.20 M. Volume of KSCN...The overall reaction is obtained by adding the two half reactions as follows: anode(oxidation): Zn...Given information: Hemoglobin contains 0.34% of Fe by mass. The actual molar mass of hemoglobin is...The overall reaction is obtained by adding the two half reactions as follows: anode(oxidation):...The reaction is given as follows: Ag+(aq) + 2CN−(aq)⇄ [Ag(CN)2]–(aq). The expression of Kf for the...a) The equilibrium constant for the reaction 2Cu+(aq)⇄Cu2+(aq)+Cu(s) From table 19.1, the electrode...The form in which metals are found naturally in the Earth’s surface, along with impurities, are...a)Sodium reacts with water A colorless solution of potassium hydroxide is formed and hydrogen gas is...a) MgCO3(s)→MgO(s)+CO2(g). The value of ΔHf∘(MgCO3) from appendix 2 is -1112.9 kJ/mol. The value of...Given information: The overall reaction for the electrolytic production of aluminum by the Hall...a)Aluminum in a basic solution with NaNO3 to give ammonia. The half reaction for the oxidation of Al...Given information: A 0.450 g sample of steel contains manganese as an impurity. The permanganate ion...a) 2Fe2O3(s)→4Fe(s)+3O2(g). The value of ΔG∘f(Fe2O3) is −741.00 kJ/mol. Thevalue of ΔG∘ for the...Scheme I: When solid magnesium burns in oxygen, it gives the white solid MgO as...Given information: Density, d=2.15 g/cm3 Temperature, T=20oC The value of the gas constant is 0.0821...a) Cs Cs appears on the left end of the periodic table. This is usually solid at room temperature...Given information: Temperature 200C = Pressure 746 mmHg Volume of gas 26.6 L Convert temperature...Given information: Volume of D2= 2 L Pressure, P= 0.90 atm Temperature, T= 298 K Abundance of D2=...Given information: The given reaction is N2(g)+O2(g)⇌2NO(g). The value of ΔG∘ from appendix 2 is...Given information: The given reaction is NO(g)+O3(g)→NO2(g)+O2(g). The value of ΔGf∘(NO2) from...Given information: Volume of D2= 2L. Pressure, P= 0.90 atm. Temperature, T= 25oC=298 K. Abundance of...Molecular orbital energy level diagram consists of bonding molecular orbital and antibonding...The balanced chemical reaction is as follows: 2Br−(g) + Cl2(g) → 2Cl−(aq) + Br2(l) 2 moles of...a)With hydrogen In the periodic table, the elements of the same group tend to show almost similar...Given information: The given reaction is C(s)+CO2(g)→2CO(g). The value of ΔHf∘(CO) from appendix 2...Given information: The white phosphorous burnt is 10.0 g. The volume of solution is 0.500 L. If the...The reasons for formation of so many compounds by carbon are as follows: Carbon can form four...a) C3H6O3: Dihydroxyacetone, an intermediate is glycolysis, the process by which glucose is...a) The number of monomer units are there in the sample The average molar mass of nylon 66 is 12,000...Given information: The mass of compound Y = 20.63 mg. The mass of CO2 formed = 57.94 mg. The mass of...a) The arrangement of bonds to the carton at left linear, tetrahedral, trigonal, trigonal pyramidal...

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