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Chemistry: Structure and Properties 1st Edition

Chemistry: Structure and Properties - 1st Edition - by Nivaldo J. Tro - ISBN 9780321834683
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Chemistry: Structure and Properties
1st Edition
Nivaldo J. Tro
Publisher: PEARSON
ISBN: 9780321834683

Solutions for Chemistry: Structure and Properties

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For two-semester general chemistry courses


Bestselling author Niva Tro has always believed “the behavior of matter is determined by the properties of molecules and atoms” to be the most important discovery in scientific knowledge. This idea is the entire factor for his seminal new text– Chemistry: Structure and Properties. Dr. Tro emphasizes the relationship between structure and properties, establishes a unique approach to teaching chemistry by presenting atomic and bonding theories early in the text, and stresses key themes throughout. The book is organized to present chemistry as a logical, cohesive story from the microscopic to the macroscopic, so students can fully grasp the theories and framework behind the chemical facts. Every topic has been carefully crafted to convey to students that the relationship between structure and properties is the thread that weaves all of chemistry together.

While developed independently of other Tro texts, Chemistry: Structure and Properties incorporates the author’s vivid writing style, chemical rigor, dynamic multi-level images, and tested features. His consistent conceptual focus and step-by-step problem-solving framework encourages you to think through processes rather than simply memorize content. Interactive media within MasteringChemistry® complements the book’s problem-solving approach, thus creating a comprehensive program that enables you to learn both in and out of the classroom.

This program presents a better teaching and learning experience—for you.

Personalized learning with MasteringChemistry: This online homework, tutorial, and assessment program is designed to improve results by helping you quickly master concepts. You'll benefit from self-paced tutorials, featuring specific wrong-answer feedback and hints that emulate the office-hour experience.
Developed with a central theme and by a teaching community: As part of a community that teaches with the understanding that matter is composed of particles and the structure of those particles determines the properties of matter, Dr. Tro took great lengths in the text to ensure that everything from organization, art, and pedagogy reinforce this theme. The result of this emphasis is that the topic order has been constructed to make key connections earlier, stronger, and more often than the traditional approach.
Linking conceptual understanding with problem-solving skills: Throughout each chapter, numerous Conceptual Connections encourage comprehension of the most complex concepts while a consistent step-by-step framework in the worked examples allows you to think logically through the problem-solving process.
Visualizing and understanding chemistry: Revolutionary multipart images illustrate and reinforce the theme of the text and allows you to see and experience the molecules responsible for the structures and properties of matter.

Sample Solutions for this Textbook

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Reason for correct answer: In the modern periodic table, elements are arranged in order of their...Electronegativity is a chemical property of some elements (like oxygen, nitrogen etc.), due to which...Reason for the correct option: The electronic configuration of O: 1s22s22p4 The oxygen can form two...Lewis structures are the diagrams that show the bonding between the atoms of the molecules and...Reason for the correct answer: The unbalanced equation: PCl3(l)+H2O(l)→H3PO3(aq)+HCl(aq) 1 O atom 3...Gases in the earth atmosphere such as CO2 traps the suns radiation emitted from the planet’s...Reason for the correct statement: Option (d): Molarity=weight of MgCl2mass weight of MgCl2 ×1V(...An aqueous solution is the solution in which solvent is taken as water. For example, sugar dissolved...Reasons for the correct statement: The heat is produced by the chemical system and released to the...The word “thermal” is related to heat, so in thermochemistry we study the changes occurring during...Reason for correct option: According to Boyle’s law P1V1 = P2V2 Here the initial pressure (P1) is...Postulates of kinetic molecular theory: The gas particles are considered to be very small; the...Reasons for the correct statement: Option (a): Gas: In this state of matter, the intermolecular...The physical and chemical properties of any compound is closely related with its structure and...Given, Pressure =1 atm Temperature =298 K And following phase diagram Draw horizontal and vertical...Graphene is an allotrope of carbon. The carbon atoms in the graphene structure are present in a...Reason for the correct answer: The given compound octane is found to be a non-polar solvent....A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more chemically non-reacting substances. The mixture...Reason for the correct option: The concentrations at 0 s and 10 s are marked as: The average between...Lizards become sluggish in cold weather because they are ectotherms and their body temperature...Reason for correct option: Ka = [C]m[D]n[A]x[B ]y Substitute the values in the equilibrium constant...Oxygen is carried through the blood by hemoglobin and uses the following reaction: Hb + O2⇌HbO2 The...Reasons for the correct statement:Option (b):HCIO2(aq)+H2O(aq)⇌H3O+(aq)+CIO2−(aq) H2O(aq) is the...The strong acids always try to deprotonate and it usually burn the skin or tissue of a human body on...Reasons for the correct option: The given buffer is 0.100 M NH4Cl and 0.100 M in NH3. When small...Large amounts of carbonic acid, a weak acid, bicarbonate ion and a base are present in human blood...Reason for correct option: Since, gas has greater entropy so; we have to calculate change in number...Reason for correct answer:Unbalanced redox reaction is: _VO2+(aq)+Sn(s)→_VO2+(aq)+Sn2+(aq)...When an atom loses electrons, it undergoes oxidation and has an increase in its oxidation state,...Therefore, options (a) are correct Reasons for the correct statement:Option (a):...The process in which the unstable nuclei of an atom attains stability by loss of energy (in terms of...Reason for correct answer: Hence, the ability of carbon to form covalent bonds, double, triple and...Aromatic compounds are known for their aroma or scent. They have delocalized electrons and...Reason for correct answer: Argon is a noble gas that falls before copper in periodic table and it is...The transition metals have the general electronic configuration [A] nsx(n-1)dx. Here [A] = nearest...An arithmetical multiplier which is used for converting a quantity expressed in one unit into...Significant figures: Significant figures are the numbers which are reported in a measurement...

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