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Starting Out with C++: From Control Structures Through Objects - 7th Edition 7th Edition

Starting Out with C++: From Control Structures Through Objects - 7th Edition - 7th Edition - by GADDIS, Tony - ISBN 9780132576253
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Starting Out with C++: From Control Str...
7th Edition
GADDIS, Tony
Publisher: Addison-Wesley
ISBN: 9780132576253

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Table of Contents Contents Preface xiii CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Computers and Programming 1 1.1 Why Program? 1 1.2 Computer Systems: Hardware and Software 3 1.3 Programs and Programming Languages 8 1.4 What Is a Program Made of? 13 1.5 Input, Processing, and Output 17 1.6 The Programming Process 18 1.7 Procedural and Object-Oriented Programming 22 CHAPTER 2 Introduction to C++ 27 2.1 The Parts of a C++ Program 27 2.2 The cout Object 31 2.3 The #include Directive 36 2.4 Variables and Literals 37 2.5 Identifiers 41 2.6 Integer Data Types 42 2.7 The char Data Type 47 2.8 The C++ string Class 51 2.9 Floating-Point Data Types 53 2.10 The bool Data Type 56 2.11 Determining the Size of a Data Type 57 2.12 Variable Assignments and Initialization 58 2.13 Scope 59 2.14 Arithmetic Operators 60 2.15 Comments 68 2.16 Named Constants 70 2.17 Programming Style 72 2.18 If You Plan to Continue in Computer Science: Standard and Prestandard C++ 74 CHAPTER 3 Expressions and Interactivity 85 3.1 The cin Object 85 3.2 Mathematical Expressions 91 3.3 When You Mix Apples and Oranges: Type Conversion 100 3.4 Overflow and Underflow 102 3.5 Type Casting 103 3.6 Multiple Assignment and Combined Assignment 107 3.7 Formatting Output 111 3.8 Working with Characters and string Objects 120 3.9 More Mathematical Library Functions 127 3.10 Focus on Debugging: Hand Tracing a Program 130 3.11 Focus on Problem Solving: A Case Study 132 CHAPTER 4 Making Decisions 149 4.1 Relational Operators 149 4.2 The if Statement 154 4.3 Expanding the if Statement 162 4.4 The if/else Statement 166 4.5 Nested if Statements 169 4.6 The if/else if Statement 176 4.7 Flags 181 4.8 Logical Operators 182 4.9 Checking Numeric Ranges with Logical Operators 189 4.10 Menus 190 4.11 Focus on Software Engineering: Validating User Input 193 4.12 Comparing Characters and Strings 195 4.13 The Conditional Operator 199 4.14 The switch Statement 202 4.15 More About Blocks and Scope 211 CHAPTER 5 Loops and Files 227 5.1 The Increment and Decrement Operators 227 5.2 Introduction to Loops: The while Loop 232 5.3 Using the while Loop for Input Validation 239 5.4 Counters 241 5.5 The do-while Loop 242 5.6 The for Loop 247 5.7 Keeping a Running Total 257 5.8 Sentinels 260 5.9 Focus on Software Engineering: Deciding Which Loop to Use 261 5.10 Nested Loops 262 5.11 Using Files for Data Storage 265 5.12 Optional Topics: Breaking and Continuing a Loop 285 CHAPTER 6 Functions 301 6.1 Focus on Software Engineering: Modular Programming 301 6.2 Defining and Calling Functions 303 6.3 Function Prototypes 311 6.4 Sending Data into a Function 313 6.5 Passing Data by Value 318 6.6 Focus on Software Engineering: Using Functions in a Menu-Driven Program 320 6.7 The return Statement 324 6.8 Returning a Value from a Function 326 6.9 Returning a Boolean Value 334 6.10 Local and Global Variables 336 6.11 Static Local Variables 344 6.12 Default Arguments 347 6.13 Using Reference Variables as Parameters 350 6.14 Overloading Functions 356 6.15 The exit() Function 360 6.16 Stubs and Drivers 363 CHAPTER 7 Arrays 377 7.1 Arrays Hold Multiple Values 377 7.2 Accessing Array Elements 379 7.3 No Bounds Checking in C++ 386 7.4 Array Initialization 389 7.5 Processing Array Contents 394 7.6 Focus on Software Engineering: Using Parallel Arrays 402 7.7 Arrays as Function Arguments 405 7.8 Two-Dimensional Arrays 416 7.9 Arrays with Three or More Dimensions 423 7.10 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: A Case Study 424 7.11 If You Plan to Continue in Computer Science: Introduction to the STL vector 427 CHAPTER 8 Searching and Sorting Arrays 451 8.1 Focus on Software Engineering: Introduction to Search Algorithms 451 8.2 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: A Case Study 458 8.3 Focus on Software Engineering: Introduction to Sorting Algorithms 464 8.4 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: A Case Study 472 8.5 If You Plan to Continue in Computer Science: Sorting and Searching vectors 480 CHAPTER 9 Pointers 491 9.1 Getting the Address of a Variable 491 9.2 Pointer Variables 493 9.3 The Relationship Between Arrays and Pointers 500 9.4 Pointer Arithmetic 504 9.5 Initializing Pointers 506 9.6 Comparing Pointers 507 9.7 Pointers as Function Parameters 509 9.8 Focus on Software Engineering: Dynamic Memory Allocation 518 9.9 Focus on Software Engineering: Returning Pointers from Functions 522 9.10 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: A Case Study 529 CHAPTER 10 Characters, C-Strings, and More About the string Class 541 10.1 Character Testing 541 10.2 Character Case Conversion 545 10.3 C-Strings 548 10.4 Library Functions for Working with C-Strings 552 10.5 C-String/Numeric Conversion Functions 563 10.6 Focus on Software Engineering: Writing Your Own C-String-Handling Functions 568 10.7 More About the C++ string Class 574 10.8 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: A Case Study 584 CHAPTER 11 Structured Data 593 11.1 Abstract Data Types 593 11.2 Focus on Software Engineering: Combining Data into Structures 595 11.3 Accessing Structure Members 598 11.4 Initializing a Structure 602 11.5 Arrays of Structures 605 11.6 Focus on Software Engineering: Nested Structures 608 11.7 Structures as Function Arguments 612 11.8 Returning a Structure from a Function 615 11.9 Pointers to Structures 618 11.10 Focus on Software Engineering: When to Use ., When to Use ->, and When to Use * 621 11.11 Unions 623 11.12 Enumerated Data Types 627 CHAPTER 12 Advanced File Operations 651 12.1 File Operations 651 12.2 File Output Formatting 658 12.3 Passing File Stream Objects to Functions 660 12.4 More Detailed Error Testing 662 12.5 Member Functions for Reading and Writing Files 665 12.6 Focus on Software Engineering: Working with Multiple Files 672 12.7 Binary Files 674 12.8 Creating Records with Structures 679 12.9 Random-Access Files 683 12.10 Opening a File for Both Input and Output 691 CHAPTER 13 Introduction to Classes 705 13.1 Procedural and Object-Oriented Programming 705 13.2 Introduction to Classes 712 13.3 Defining an Instance of a Class 717 13.4 Why Have Private Members? 728 13.5 Focus on Software Engineering: Separating Class Specification from Implementation 729 13.6 Inline Member Functions 735 13.7 Constructors 738 13.8 Passing Arguments to Constructors 742 13.9 Destructors 750 13.10 Overloading Constructors 754 13.11 Private Member Functions 758 13.12 Arrays of Objects 759 13.13 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: An OOP Case Study 763 13.14 Focus on Object-Oriented Programming: Creating an Abstract Array Data Type 770 13.15 Focus on Object-Oriented Design: The Unified Modeling Language (UML) 774 13.16 Focus on Object-Oriented Design: Finding the Classes and Their Responsibilities 777 CHAPTER 14 More About Classes 799 14.1 Instance and Static Members 799 14.2 Friends of Classes 807 14.3 Memberwise Assignment 812 14.4 Copy Constructors 813 14.5 Operator Overloading 819 14.6 Object Conversion 846 14.7 Aggregation 849 14.8 Focus on Object-Oriented Design: Class Collaborations 853 CHAPTER 15 Inheritance, Polymorphism, and Virtual Functions 869 15.1 What Is Inheritance? 869 15.2 Protected Members and Class Access 878 15.3 Constructors and Destructors in Base and Derived Classes 884 15.4 Redefining Base Class Functions 896 15.5 Class Hierarchies 901 15.6 Polymorphism and Virtual Member Functions 907 15.7 Abstract Base Classes and Pure Virtual Functions 921 15.8 Multiple Inheritance 928 CHAPTER 16 Exceptions, Templates, and the Standard Template Library (STL) 947 16.1 Exceptions 947 16.2 Function Templates 966 16.3 Focus on Software Engineering: Where to Start When Defining Templates 972 16.4 Class Templates 973 16.5 Introduction to the Standard Template Library (STL) 983 CHAPTER 17 Linked Lists 1003 17.1 Introduction to the Linked List ADT 1003 17.2 Linked List Operations 1005 17.3 A Linked List Template 1022 17.4 Variations of the Linked List 1034 17.5 The STL list Container 1035 CHAPTER 18 Stacks and Queues 1043 18.1 Introduction to the Stack ADT 1043 18.2 Dynamic Stacks 1060 18.3 The STL stack Container 1071 18.4 Introduction to the Queue ADT 1073 18.5 Dynamic Queues 1085 18.6 The STL deque and queue Containers 1092 CHAPTER 19 Recursion 1101 19.1 Introduction to Recursion 1101 19.2 Solving Problems with Recursion 1106 19.3 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: The Recursive gcd Function 1113 19.4 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: Solving Recursively Defined Problems 1114 19.5 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: Recursive Linked List Operations 1116 19.6 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: A Recursive Binary Search Function 1119 19.7 The Towers of Hanoi 1122 19.8 Focus on Problem Solving and Program Design: The QuickSort Algorithm 1125 19.9 Exhaustive Algorithms 1130 19.10 Focus on Software Engineering: Recursion vs. Iteration 1132 CHAPTER 20 Binary Trees 1137 20.1 Definition and Applications of Binary Trees 1137 20.2 Binary Search Tree Operations 1140 20.3 Template Considerations for Binary Search Trees 1157 Appendix A: Getting Started with Alice 1167 Appendix B: The ASCII Character Set 1195 Appendix C: Operator Precedence and Associativity 1197 Quick References 1199 Index 1201 Online The following appendices are available at www.pearsonhighered.com/gaddis. Appendix D: Introduction to Flowcharting Appendix E: Using UML in Class Design Appendix F: Namespaces Appendix G: Writing Managed C++ Code for the .NET Framework Appendix H: Passing Command Line Arguments Appendix I: Header File and Library Function Reference Appendix J: Binary Numbers and Bitwise Operations Appendix K: Multi-Source File Programs Appendix L: Stream Member Functions for Formatting Appendix M: Introduction to Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Express Edition Appendix N: Answers to Checkpoints Appendix O: Solutions to Odd-Numbered Review Questions

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