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University Physics Volume 3
University Physics Volume 3
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University Physics Volume 3
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Solutions from bartleby
1 The Nature Of Light
2 Geometric Optics And Image Formation
6 Photons And Matter Waves
7 Quantum Mechanics
8 Atomic Structure
9 Condensed Matter Physics
10 Nuclear Physics
11 Particle Physics And Cosmology
Check Your Understanding Table 1.1 shows that ethanol and fresh water have very similar indices of...
Check Your Understanding In Table 1.1, the solid with the next highest index of refraction after...
Check Your Understanding At the surface between air and water, light rays can go from air to water...
Check Your Understanding In the preceding example. how much distance inside the block of flint glass...
Check Your Understanding in Example 1.6, we had n1n2. If n2were decreased such thatn1n2and the speed...
Check Your Understanding Although we did no specify the direction in Example 1.7, let’s say the...
Check Your Understanding What happens at Brewster’s angle if the original incident light is already...
Under what conditions can light be modeled like a ray? Like a wave?
Why is the index of refraction always greater than or equal to 1?
Does the fact that the light flash from lightning reaches you before its sound prove that the speed...
Speculate as to s1at physical process might be responsible for light traveling more slowly in a...
Using the law of reflection, explain how powder takes the shine off of a person’s nose. What is the...
Diffusion by reflection from a rough surface is described in this chapter. Light can also be...
Will 1igt change direction toward or away from the perpendicular when it goes from air to water?...
Exp1ain why an object in water always appears to be at a depth shallower than it actually is?
Explain why a person’s legs appear very short when wading in a pool. Justify your explanation with a...
Explain why an oar that is partially submerged in water appears bent.
A ring with a colorless gemstone is dropped into water.The gemstone becomes invisible when...
The most common type of mirage is an illusion that light from faraway objects is reflected by a pool...
How can you use total internal reflection to estimate the index of refraction of a medium?
Is it possible that total internal reflection plays a role in rainbows? Explain in terms of indices...
A high-quality diamond may be quite clear and colorless, transmitting all visible wavelengths with...
How do wave effects depend on the size of the object with which the wave interacts? For example, why...
Does Huygens’s principle apply to all types of waves?
If diffraction is observed for some phenomenon, it is evidence that the phenomenon is a wave. Does...
Can a sound wave in air be polarized? Explain.
No light passes through two perfect polarizing filters with perpendicular axes. However, if a third...
Explain what happens to the energy carried by light that it is dimmed by passing it through two...
When particles scattering light are much smaller than its wavelength, the amount of scattering is...
Using the information given in the preceding question, explain why sunsets are red.
When light is reflected at Brewster’s angle from a smooth surface, it Is 100’ polarized parallel to...
If you lie on a beach looking at the water with yow head tipped slightly sideways, your polarized...
What is the speed of light in water? In glycerine?
What is the speed of light in air? In crown glass?
Calculate the index of refraction for a medium in which the speed of light is 2.120108m/s , and...
In what substance in Table 1.1 is the speed of light 2.290108 m/s?
There was a major collision of an asteroid with the Moon in medieval times. It was described by...
Components of some computers communicate with each other through optical fibers having an index of...
Compare the time it takes for light to travel 1000 m on the surface of Earth and in outer space.
How far does light travel underwater during a time interval of 1.50106 s?
Suppose a man stands in front of a mm-or as show below. His eyes are 1.65 m above the floor and the...
Show that when light reflects from two mirrors that meet each other at a right angle, the outgoing...
On the Moon’s surface, lunar astronauts placed a comet reflector, off which a laser beam Is...
A flat mirror Is neither converging nor diverging. To prove this, consider two rays originating from...
A light beam in air has an angle of incidence of 35° at the surface of a glass plate. What are the...
A light beam in air is incident on the surface of a pond, making an angle of 20° with respect to the...
When a light ray crosses from water into glass, it emerges at an angle of 30with respect to the...
A pencil flashlight submerged in water sends a light beam toward the surface at an angle of...
Light rays from the Sun make a 30° angle to the vertical when seen from below the surface of a body...
The path of a light beam in air goes from an angle of incidence of 35° to an angle of refraction of...
A scuba diver training in a pool looks at his instructor as shown below. What angle does the ray...
(a) Using information in the preceding problem, find the height of the instructor’s head above the...
Verify that the critical angle for light going from water to air is 48.6°, as discussed at the end...
(a) At the end of Example 1.4, it was stated that the critical angle for light going from diamond to...
An optical fiber uses flint glass clad with crown glass. What is the critical angle?
At that minimum angle will you get total internal reflection of light traveling in water and...
Suppose you are using total internal reflection to make an efficient corner reflector. If there is...
You can determine the index of refraction of a substance by determining its critical angle. (a) What...
A ray of light, emitted beneath the surface of an unknown liquid with air above it, undergoes total...
Light rays fall normally on the vertical surface of the glass prism (n=1.50)shown below. (a) What is...
(a) What is the ratio of the speed of red light to violet light in diamond, based on Table 1.2? (b)...
A beam of white light goes from air into water at an incident angle of 75.0. At what angles are the...
By how much do the critical angles for red (660 nm) and violet (410 nm) light differ in a diamond...
(a) A narrow beam of light containing yellow (580 nm) and green (550 nm) wavelengths goes from...
A parallel beam of light containing orange (610 nm) and violet (4.10wm) wavelengths goes from fused...
A ray of 610-nm light goes from air into fused quartz at an incident angle of 55.0. At what incident...
A narrow beam of light containing red (660 nm) and blue (470 nm) wavelengths travels from air...
A narrow beam of white light enters a prism made of crown glass at a 45.0incident angle, as shown...
What angle is needed between the direction of polarized light and the axis of a polarizing filter to...
The angle been the axes of two polarizing filters is 45.00. By how much does the second filter...
Two polarizing sheets P1 and P2 are placed together with their transmission axes oriented at an...
Suppose that in the preceding problem the light incident on P1 is unpolarized. At the determined...
If you have completely polarized light of intensity 150 W/m2 , what will its intensity be after...
What angle would the axis of a polarizing filter need to make with the direction of polarized light...
At the end of Example 17, it was stated that the intensity of polarized light is reduced to 90.0% of...
Show that if you have three polarizing filters, with the second at an angle of 45.0to the first and...
Three polarizing sheets are placed together such that the transmission axis of the second sheet is...
In order to rotate the polarization axis of a beam of linearly polarized light by 90.00, a student...
It is found that when light traveling in water falls on a plastic block, Brewster’s angle is 50.0°....
At what angle ill lig1t reflected from diamond be completely polarized?
What is Brewster’s angle for light traveling in water that is reflected from crown glass?
A scuba diver sees light reflected from the water’s surface. At what angle relative to the water’s...
From his measurements, Roemer estimated that it took 22 mm for light to travel a distance equal to...
Cornu performed Fizeau’s measurement of the speed of light using a wheel of diameter 4.00 cm that...
Suppose you have an unknown clear substance immersed in water, and you wish to identify it by...
Shown below is a ray of light going from air through crown glass into water, such as going into a...
Considering the previous problem, show that 3is the same as it would be if the second medium were...
At what angle is light inside crown glass completely polarized when reflected from water, as in a...
Light reflected at 55.6° from a window is completely polarized. What is the window’s index of...
(a) Light reflected at 62.5° from a gemstone in a ring is completely polarized. Can the gem be a...
If bis Brewster’s angle for light reflected from the top of an interface between two substances, and...
Unreasonable results Suppose light travels from water to another substance, with an angle of...
Unreasonable results Light traveling from water to a gemstone strikes the surface at an angle of...
If a polarizing filter reduces the intensity of polarized light to 50.0% of its original value, by...
Suppose you put on two pairs of polarizing sunglasses with their axes at an angle of 15.0 . . How...
(a) On a day when the intensity of sunlight is 1.00kW/m2 , a circular lens 0.200 m in diameter...
Light shows staged with lasers use moving mirrors to swing beams and create colorful effects. Show...
Consider sunlight entering Earth’s atmosphere at sunrise and sunset—that is, at 90.0incident angle....
A light ray entering an optical fiber surrounded by air is first refracted and then reflected as...
A light ray falls on the left face of a prism (see below) at the angle of incidence for which the...
If the apex angle in the previous problem is 20.0° and n = 1.50, what is the value of a?
The light incident on polarizing sheet P1is linearly polarized at an angle of 30.00 with respect to...
Prove that if I is the intensity of light transmitted by two polarizing filters with axes at an...
Browse All Solutions by Chapter
Show more chapters
Chapter 1 - The Nature Of Light
Chapter 2 - Geometric Optics And Image Formation
Chapter 3 - Interference
Chapter 4 - Diffraction
Chapter 5 - Relativity
Chapter 6 - Photons And Matter Waves
Chapter 7 - Quantum Mechanics
Chapter 8 - Atomic Structure
Chapter 9 - Condensed Matter Physics
Chapter 10 - Nuclear Physics
Chapter 11 - Particle Physics And Cosmology
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