Chapter

Section

Problem 1.1CYU:

Check Your Understanding Table 1.1 shows that ethanol and fresh water have very similar indices of...

Problem 1.2CYU:

Check Your Understanding In Table 1.1, the solid with the next highest index of refraction after...

Problem 1.3CYU:

Check Your Understanding At the surface between air and water, light rays can go from air to water...

Problem 1.4CYU:

Check Your Understanding In the preceding example. how much distance inside the block of flint glass...

Problem 1.5CYU:

Check Your Understanding in Example 1.6, we had n1n2. If n2were decreased such thatn1n2and the speed...

Problem 1.6CYU:

Check Your Understanding Although we did no specify the direction in Example 1.7, let’s say the...

Problem 1.7CYU:

Check Your Understanding What happens at Brewster’s angle if the original incident light is already...

Problem 3CQ:

Does the fact that the light flash from lightning reaches you before its sound prove that the speed...

Problem 4CQ:

Speculate as to s1at physical process might be responsible for light traveling more slowly in a...

Problem 5CQ:

Using the law of reflection, explain how powder takes the shine off of a person’s nose. What is the...

Problem 6CQ:

Diffusion by reflection from a rough surface is described in this chapter. Light can also be...

Problem 7CQ:

Will 1igt change direction toward or away from the perpendicular when it goes from air to water?...

Problem 8CQ:

Exp1ain why an object in water always appears to be at a depth shallower than it actually is?

Problem 9CQ:

Explain why a person’s legs appear very short when wading in a pool. Justify your explanation with a...

Problem 11CQ:

A ring with a colorless gemstone is dropped into water.The gemstone becomes invisible when...

Problem 12CQ:

The most common type of mirage is an illusion that light from faraway objects is reflected by a pool...

Problem 13CQ:

How can you use total internal reflection to estimate the index of refraction of a medium?

Problem 14CQ:

Is it possible that total internal reflection plays a role in rainbows? Explain in terms of indices...

Problem 15CQ:

A high-quality diamond may be quite clear and colorless, transmitting all visible wavelengths with...

Problem 16CQ:

How do wave effects depend on the size of the object with which the wave interacts? For example, why...

Problem 17CQ:

Does Huygens’s principle apply to all types of waves?

Problem 18CQ:

If diffraction is observed for some phenomenon, it is evidence that the phenomenon is a wave. Does...

Problem 19CQ:

Can a sound wave in air be polarized? Explain.

Problem 20CQ:

No light passes through two perfect polarizing filters with perpendicular axes. However, if a third...

Problem 21CQ:

Explain what happens to the energy carried by light that it is dimmed by passing it through two...

Problem 22CQ:

When particles scattering light are much smaller than its wavelength, the amount of scattering is...

Problem 24CQ:

When light is reflected at Brewster’s angle from a smooth surface, it Is 100’ polarized parallel to...

Problem 25CQ:

If you lie on a beach looking at the water with yow head tipped slightly sideways, your polarized...

Problem 26P:

What is the speed of light in water? In glycerine?

Problem 27P:

What is the speed of light in air? In crown glass?

Problem 28P:

Calculate the index of refraction for a medium in which the speed of light is 2.120108m/s , and...

Problem 30P:

There was a major collision of an asteroid with the Moon in medieval times. It was described by...

Problem 31P:

Components of some computers communicate with each other through optical fibers having an index of...

Problem 32P:

Compare the time it takes for light to travel 1000 m on the surface of Earth and in outer space.

Problem 34P:

Suppose a man stands in front of a mm-or as show below. His eyes are 1.65 m above the floor and the...

Problem 35P:

Show that when light reflects from two mirrors that meet each other at a right angle, the outgoing...

Problem 36P:

On the Moon’s surface, lunar astronauts placed a comet reflector, off which a laser beam Is...

Problem 37P:

A flat mirror Is neither converging nor diverging. To prove this, consider two rays originating from...

Problem 38P:

A light beam in air has an angle of incidence of 35° at the surface of a glass plate. What are the...

Problem 39P:

A light beam in air is incident on the surface of a pond, making an angle of 20° with respect to the...

Problem 40P:

When a light ray crosses from water into glass, it emerges at an angle of 30with respect to the...

Problem 41P:

A pencil flashlight submerged in water sends a light beam toward the surface at an angle of...

Problem 42P:

Light rays from the Sun make a 30° angle to the vertical when seen from below the surface of a body...

Problem 43P:

The path of a light beam in air goes from an angle of incidence of 35° to an angle of refraction of...

Problem 44P:

A scuba diver training in a pool looks at his instructor as shown below. What angle does the ray...

Problem 45P:

(a) Using information in the preceding problem, find the height of the instructor’s head above the...

Problem 46P:

Verify that the critical angle for light going from water to air is 48.6°, as discussed at the end...

Problem 47P:

(a) At the end of Example 1.4, it was stated that the critical angle for light going from diamond to...

Problem 49P:

At that minimum angle will you get total internal reflection of light traveling in water and...

Problem 50P:

Suppose you are using total internal reflection to make an efficient corner reflector. If there is...

Problem 51P:

You can determine the index of refraction of a substance by determining its critical angle. (a) What...

Problem 52P:

A ray of light, emitted beneath the surface of an unknown liquid with air above it, undergoes total...

Problem 53P:

Light rays fall normally on the vertical surface of the glass prism (n=1.50)shown below. (a) What is...

Problem 54P:

(a) What is the ratio of the speed of red light to violet light in diamond, based on Table 1.2? (b)...

Problem 55P:

A beam of white light goes from air into water at an incident angle of 75.0. At what angles are the...

Problem 56P:

By how much do the critical angles for red (660 nm) and violet (410 nm) light differ in a diamond...

Problem 57P:

(a) A narrow beam of light containing yellow (580 nm) and green (550 nm) wavelengths goes from...

Problem 58P:

A parallel beam of light containing orange (610 nm) and violet (4.10wm) wavelengths goes from fused...

Problem 59P:

A ray of 610-nm light goes from air into fused quartz at an incident angle of 55.0. At what incident...

Problem 60P:

A narrow beam of light containing red (660 nm) and blue (470 nm) wavelengths travels from air...

Problem 61P:

A narrow beam of white light enters a prism made of crown glass at a 45.0incident angle, as shown...

Problem 62P:

What angle is needed between the direction of polarized light and the axis of a polarizing filter to...

Problem 63P:

The angle been the axes of two polarizing filters is 45.00. By how much does the second filter...

Problem 64P:

Two polarizing sheets P1 and P2 are placed together with their transmission axes oriented at an...

Problem 65P:

Suppose that in the preceding problem the light incident on P1 is unpolarized. At the determined...

Problem 66P:

If you have completely polarized light of intensity 150 W/m2 , what will its intensity be after...

Problem 67P:

What angle would the axis of a polarizing filter need to make with the direction of polarized light...

Problem 68P:

At the end of Example 17, it was stated that the intensity of polarized light is reduced to 90.0% of...

Problem 69P:

Show that if you have three polarizing filters, with the second at an angle of 45.0to the first and...

Problem 70P:

Three polarizing sheets are placed together such that the transmission axis of the second sheet is...

Problem 71P:

In order to rotate the polarization axis of a beam of linearly polarized light by 90.00, a student...

Problem 72P:

It is found that when light traveling in water falls on a plastic block, Brewster’s angle is 50.0°....

Problem 74P:

What is Brewster’s angle for light traveling in water that is reflected from crown glass?

Problem 75P:

A scuba diver sees light reflected from the water’s surface. At what angle relative to the water’s...

Problem 76AP:

From his measurements, Roemer estimated that it took 22 mm for light to travel a distance equal to...

Problem 77AP:

Cornu performed Fizeau’s measurement of the speed of light using a wheel of diameter 4.00 cm that...

Problem 78AP:

Suppose you have an unknown clear substance immersed in water, and you wish to identify it by...

Problem 79AP:

Shown below is a ray of light going from air through crown glass into water, such as going into a...

Problem 80AP:

Considering the previous problem, show that 3is the same as it would be if the second medium were...

Problem 81AP:

At what angle is light inside crown glass completely polarized when reflected from water, as in a...

Problem 82AP:

Light reflected at 55.6° from a window is completely polarized. What is the window’s index of...

Problem 83AP:

(a) Light reflected at 62.5° from a gemstone in a ring is completely polarized. Can the gem be a...

Problem 84AP:

If bis Brewster’s angle for light reflected from the top of an interface between two substances, and...

Problem 85AP:

Unreasonable results Suppose light travels from water to another substance, with an angle of...

Problem 86AP:

Unreasonable results Light traveling from water to a gemstone strikes the surface at an angle of...

Problem 87AP:

If a polarizing filter reduces the intensity of polarized light to 50.0% of its original value, by...

Problem 88AP:

Suppose you put on two pairs of polarizing sunglasses with their axes at an angle of 15.0 . . How...

Problem 89AP:

(a) On a day when the intensity of sunlight is 1.00kW/m2 , a circular lens 0.200 m in diameter...

Problem 90CP:

Light shows staged with lasers use moving mirrors to swing beams and create colorful effects. Show...

Problem 91CP:

Consider sunlight entering Earth’s atmosphere at sunrise and sunset—that is, at 90.0incident angle....

Problem 92CP:

A light ray entering an optical fiber surrounded by air is first refracted and then reflected as...

Problem 93CP:

A light ray falls on the left face of a prism (see below) at the angle of incidence for which the...

Problem 94CP:

If the apex angle in the previous problem is 20.0° and n = 1.50, what is the value of a?

Chapter 1 - The Nature Of LightChapter 2 - Geometric Optics And Image FormationChapter 3 - InterferenceChapter 4 - DiffractionChapter 5 - RelativityChapter 6 - Photons And Matter WavesChapter 7 - Quantum MechanicsChapter 8 - Atomic StructureChapter 9 - Condensed Matter PhysicsChapter 10 - Nuclear Physics

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