as playful as a little child. Well, read on to find out more about these amazing creatures.
When you see a dolphin, you are in awe, but what sort of questions do you ask? How do they swim so fast, what do they eat, where do they live? First, the anatomy of a dolphin. We’ll start with a dolphin’s teeth. Dolphins have eighty to one-hundred cone-shaped teeth. These teeth are set up in a position to interlock and hold slippery fish in its mouth. Because the teeth interlock like that, and the teeth are…
Building specialized tracks and courses that would help prevent injuries in the sports.
One thing must be said, women and men will never ever be able to compete athletically equally. No matter how much people argue no matter how many laws are passed anatomy makes it impossible. Doing some research I had come across. Within the article found on the, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (The Harvard Medical School Teaching Hospital) website. Within this article they talk much about the differences of women…
A mink is a good specimen to study the human anatomy because it is so closely related in internal features to that of a human being. Since these features are so closely related it provides a sort of “model” that can be used in order to better understand the anatomy of humans.
In the muscular system the main differences between minks and humans are mostly the size and shape of each muscle. However, for example the temporalis differs in that it has different locations within the mink and human…
By using the perspectival depiction technic, Mantegna also expresses his understanding of human anatomy through Christ’s figure. For the first look, we can see Christ’s thorax is described in detail. His bond and muscle of the chest appears natural. Besides, the wound in his arms and feet are small hole surround by broken flesh. It is understandable in our world today due to our knowledge of anatomy. The wound looks like that because people takes the nail which stuck Christ’s arms and legs to the…
For the cat lab, there is no hypothesis as this is a observational activity. The purpose of this lab is to compare the anatomy and physiology of a Domestic House Cat, to that of a human. The references are “New” Lab manual, and Disecction of the Cat. The scale of refrence is one bar = 3mm.
Anatomy, Observations and Comparisons: External Anatomy.
Firstly, when we got to our table, we removed our cat, which was a black and white spotted cat, and its number was 4. From head to tail,…
emphasis on their personal, rather than professional lives. Bill Lawrence’s television series Scrubs and Shonda Rhime’s television series Greys Anatomy share the theme of competition, Greys Anatomy is better because of Shonda Rhime’s use of character, point of view, and conflict.
Scrubs main character is John Dorian or J.D played by Zach Braff. Greys Anatomy main character is Meredith Grey played by Ellen Pompeo. They both begin the series as staff interns who try to balance their personal lives…
between the sheep and the human brain stems?
19. H. What is the function of the third ventricle, fourth ventricle, cerebellum and brain stem?
20. I. In your own words, explain how (if) this exercise helped you better understand brain anatomy.
21. J. Write a brief essay to describe the relationship between taste and smell.
22. K. Describe a blind spot or optic disc
23. L. Explain the origin of visual afterimages
24. M. Describe the relationship between hearing and balance…
Today, there is an enormous amount of understanding of the anatomy of bone formation than it was available to Duhamel du Monceau and John Hunter when they made the then prolific theories of bone growth anatomy. Duhamel proved, in 1742, that the bone is first formed in the periosteum and grows in superposing layers. Hunter, through his experiments showed that bone grows in length by juxtaposing layers and the medullary cavity (Trabecular bone) grows by resorption of inner layers of bone. He also showed…
c. Discuss the similarities and differences between the left and right sides of the heart.
Similarities between the left and right side of the heart:
The left and right sides of the heart both consist of 2 chambers, an upper atria and a lower ventricle. They are both comprised of cardiac muscles which contract involuntarily to pump blood. Each side of the heart contains valves which prevent the regurgitation of blood. The left and right side…
The striations appear to make the muscle fiber look striated.
Anatomy & Physiology
The sarcoplasmic reticulum is a fluid filled system of membranous sacs. This system of sacs is similar to smooth endplasmic reticulum in non-muscle cells. In a relaxed muscle fiber the sarcoplasmic reticulum store calcium ions, the release of these calcium cells, trigger muscle contraction.
There are two types of structures which are even smaller, they are known as thick and thin filaments…
Each uterine tube is about 10 cm (4 inches) long and extends medially from the region of an ovary to empty into the superolateral region of the uterus via a constricted region called the isthmus (is′mus). The distal end of each uterine tube expands as it curves around the ovary, forming the ampulla; fertilization usually occurs in this region. The ampulla ends in the infundibulum (in″fun-dib′u-lum), an open, funnel-shaped structure bearing ciliated, fingerlike projections called fimbriae (fim′bre-e;…
literature is lost in Frye's structure. The Identity of the Reader
In addition to excluding the identity of the writer and of works of literature, Frye's literary schema also ignores the identity of the reader. In his Polemical Introduction to the Anatomy of Criticism, Frye argues that "[literature] is a disinterested use of words: it does not address a reader directly" (p4). It is only criticism, he says, that can speak. We must dispute this, however, for surely the writer means for his or her work…
of the users of the laboratory manual. I have attempted to reach a balance that will be beneficial for all students and instructors.
The Laboratory Manual to Accompany Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology, eighth edition, was written to accompany the textbook Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, eighth edition, by Shier, Butler, and Lewis. As in the case of the textbook, the laboratory manual is planned for students pursuing careers in allied health fields who have minimal…
The promise given by the promisor must induce the promisee to incur a legal detriment either now or in the future, and the detriment incurred must induce the promisor to make the promise (Miller, Cross, and Jentz 303).
The next element of a contract is legality. This means that the contracts purpose must be legal and not against the law in any way. A contract to do something that is prohibited by federal or state statutory law is illegal and is void from the outset and thus unenforceable (Miller…
Older people are more prone to having this kind of injury, because with age, bones become weak and will therefore lose their ability to withstand pressure (Krotz, 2005). In relation to the injury shown, this essay will discuss its effects on the body; as well as its treatment and expected healing process.
The 52 year old male, has an injury to the tibia known as a ‘compound fracture’. It is where the broken end of the bone, has torn through soft tissues and skin, leaving behind an open wound (Cluett…
The perspective of the wife is that she has autonomy over her body and has the right to decide whether or not she wants to continue having children. She already is exhausted from her current six children; she has gone to the hospital from dehydration and exhaustion from forgetting to drink water for 3 days because she was so busy taking care of her kids. With the birth of this seventh child, she has had enough. She does not want to bear any more children. She believes that God will…
When irritable, heart muscle responds to stimuli with the strongest possible contraction (all-or-nothing law). Irritability is influenced by: (a)neural,hormonal, and nutritional balance (b)adequacy of oxygen supply (c)drug therapy and (d)products of infection.
3. Refractoriness – this prevents heart muscle from responding to a new stimulus while the heart is still in a state of contraction due to an earlier stimulus, and thus, helps to preserve heart rhythm. Irritability is lowest during refractory…
The Labrum (Shoulder & Hip)
A labrum is a type of cartilage found in both the shoulder joint and in- between the pelvis and the femur (Shoulder: Torn Labrum, Palo Alto Medical Foundation).
The labrum has two basic functions that take place in both the hip and the shoulder. The first function of the labrum is to excavate the socket so that the ball stays secure. Ligaments are small structures that keep the ball in the socket; these are the harnesses that reach and attach each of the bones. These…
Correct: Splenic Vein & Superior Mesenteric
30. The inferior phrenic arteries supply blood directly to the____.
31. The Splenic Artery supplies blood directly to the ____.
32. The Proper Hepatic Artery supplies blood directly to the ____.
33. The Cystic Artery supplies blood directly to the ____.
Correct: Gall Bladder
34. The Superior Mesenteric Artery supplies blood directly to the ____
Small Intestine & Ascending…
The intensity of the time spent in the company of the victim means the emotional strain placed on the pretender, by their need to hide their true selves, becomes too difficult to maintain. The act breaks down and the real personality disguised beneath it rushes to the surface. To the victim, the sudden outbursts of aggression from the previously “loving” and “charming” personality they fell in love with, is both mystifying and deeply confusing. The victim, often still in love with the abuser, begins…
Hello everyone and welcome to the tour of Mr. Doe’s gastrointestinal tract. Today we will be catching a ride alongside the very unhealthy food he will be consuming in just a few minutes such as, a hamburger, French fries and a root beer. For the next few minutes, please take a moment to look at the images of each structure on the pamphlet which is located on the back of the seat in front of you. The digestive system consists of the digestive tract called alimentary canal which forms a continuous…
There are many other nervous system disorders that can mimic a stroke including a brain tumor, a subdural hematoma (a collection of blood between the brain and the skull) or a brain abscess (a pool of pus in the brain caused by bacteria or a fungus). Virus infection of the brain (viral encephalitis) can cause symptoms similar to those of a stroke, as can an overdose of certain medications. Dehydration or an imbalance of sodium, calcium, or glucose can cause neurologic abnormalities similar to a stroke…
The nervous is considered to be the master controlling the systems of the body. The way it does this is to communicate through nervous impulse which is very rapid and very specific. The nervous system consist of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS). The peripheral nervous system consists of the cranial nervous, spinal nerves and ganglia. The peripheral nervous system can also be broking down into two categories which are somatic nervous system and parasympathetic system…
What is a computer? Many people will think of the monitor sitting on their desk, or in their office, with the mouse and keyboard. But the actual computer is the machine that makes everything on that screen come to life. Computers are in just about anything that moves and functions. The human brain is even considered a sophisticated computer. The computers that I am going to be talking mainly about, though, are the personal computers (PCs). Those are the computers with a monitor hooked up, using wires…
The rectum is continuous with the sigmoid colon proximally at the rectosigmoid junction (S3) and with the anal canal distally1. The rectum has a sacral flexure which follows the curve of the sacrum and the coccyx1. The anorectal flexure is an S-shaped flexure which has a sharp postero-inferior bend antero-inferior to the tip of the coccyx and it penetrates the pelvic diaphragm1. It maintained by the puborectal sling through the puborectalis muscle1. Lastly, the rectum also has lateral flexures…
Our hiker has just been on a long walk and this prolonged and perhaps strenuous activity creates heat gain in the body due to the increase in metabolic rate. In order to maintain an optimum body temperature his system will have already been involved in a variety or heat loss mechanisms. The heat loss centre will have stimulated three major effects: The inhibition of the vasomotor centre causes peripheral vasodilation and warm blood flows to the surface of the body, the skin takes on a reddish colour…
Both animals also have different glands. Rats have sebaceous glands which, as well as producing oil, contain a tiny arrector pili muscle which can cause the hair to stand up. This increases the insulating capability of the fur and allows the animal to survive in colder conditions. The Lone Ranger cites that cane toads have paratoid glands (2007). These are on the back of their head and are the cane toads main defence against predators as they squirt poison when the animal is feeling threatened.…
The effect of UV light on folate levels makes the count drop.
Folate is linked to natural selection because the folates deplete from UV light exposure, which causes less births through miscarriages or birth defects.
The skin tones related to higher folate levels are lighter skin tones.
In my opinion, if someone lived in a region further from the equator and had no history of skin cancer, they would be able to have Children easier. Genetics, UV exposure, and folate levels all have to do with…
weight while retaining strength. They are designed to maintain the body’s structure and support the body’s movement and are used to protect weaker tissues, such as the brain, lungs and heart.
Btec Level: 3 in Health and Social Care
Unit 5: Anatomy and physiology for Health and Social Care
Assessor: F. Mansell
P2: Outline the structure of…
8. Define various directional terms (i.e. superior, inferior, etc.), and compare different body parts using these terms (i.e. the elbow is proximal to the wrist).
Anterior: (In front of, front) The toes are anterior to the heel when you look straight at a body.
Posterior: (After, behind, following, toward the rear) The lungs are posterior to the ribcage.
Distal: (Away from, farther from the origin) The skull is distal from the pelvic bone.
Proximal: (Near, closer to the origin) The nose…
At the end of the shaft you will find the glands. The glands are the rounded organs found at the tip of the penis under or right below the foreskin. The glands are exceptionally responsive to sexual sensations. The testes or testicles are two egg shaped organs that are similar in size to large marbles. They are located in the scrotum and responsible for producing male hormones and sperm.
The scrotum is a compartment of loose skin and muscle, located behind the penis, which not only holds the testes…
Amniotic fluid is the liquid that surrounds the fetus after the first few weeks of gestation and is contained within the amniotic cavity. It surrounds the growing fetus, protecting it form external pressure. The fluid is initially secreted from the amnion and is later supplemented by urine from fetal kidneys. Some fluid is swallowed by the fetus and absorbed by the fetal intestine.
It has a composition similar to blood plasma, and is initially produced by transport of fluid across…
Removes undigested waste from the body.|
6. Urinary|Urinary bladder, kidney, ureter, urethra|Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water, electrolyte and acid-based balance of the blood.|
7. Skeletal |Bones, cartilages, tendons, ligaments and joints|Protects and supports body organs, and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement. Blood cells are formed within bones.|
8. Cardiovascular|Heart, blood vessels|Transports oxygen and nutrients to the cells and removes carbon…
Exposure to Ultraviolet (UV) light, Moles, Fair skin, freckling, and light hair, Family history of melanoma
Personal history of melanoma, Immune suppression, smoking, Age, and Xeroderma pigmentosum
2. How does sunlight contribute to the development of melanoma?
As it was mentioned above, ultraviolet radiation is main risk factor that increases the risk of getting skin cancer. UVA and UVB are the main culprits. However UVB cause the most damaged by directly effecting DNA of the skin cells…
However, when a person like Mr. Doe suffers from HTN, the force of the blood against the artery wall thus resulting in heart disease.
Renal Stones: In a normal system the calcium levels in the blood are at a safe level, and helps with contracting muscles, releasing hormones making sure that nerves and the brain are functioning properly. In like Mr. Doe who has too high calcium levels in his blood can cause renal stones can begin to develop. Renal stones block the ability of homeostasis to occur…
When Ramses became Pharaoh he was given five names standard for a Pharaoh. He was given the names Horus, Nebti, Gold, Throne, and Proper name at the time of becoming Pharaoh. Each name had a significant role especially when it came to talking to other leaders to keep hold of his identity. As Pharaoh Ramses commanded and fought in every battle that Egypt took place in, this showed Egypt that Ramses was on their side. Ramses II was willing to die as commander rather than just king telling troops where…
8. Bones are one anatomical feature that can provide a wealth of information. List SEVEN things
scientists can learn about an organism by examining its bones.
Bone's reveal an animal's size and shape.
Bone composition reveals age.
The quads include the rectus femoris, and the vastus lateralis, intermedius, and medialis. This muscle group shares a common tendon at insertion. The patellar tendon inserts at the tibial tuberosity, and within this tendon lies the patella. The patella is anterior to the femur-tibia articulation, and this sesmoid bone increases the leverage of the quads by acting as a pulley. The major contributor to the stability of the knee joint is the strength of the quads. The only muscle that assists in extension…
A large segment of the nervous system is called the autonomic system.
It operates at a subconscious level and controls many functions of the
internal organs, including level of pumping activity by the heart,
movements of the gastrointestinal tract, and glandular secretion.
Neurons are cells that act like tiny batteries which power electrical
circuits within the body. They can transmit impulses from cell to cell
for communication, control, and interpretation of sensory input…
Now, pick one of those muscles and trace their control from the appropriate brain structure all the way to the NMJ. Be sure to include all intermediate structures, synapses, plexuses and nerves.
Movement of the deltoid begins in the cerebrum of the brain, but more specifically: in the frontal lobe, the premotor cortex is relaying instructions to the primary motor cortex. The primary motor cortex contains the upper motor neurons whose axons will travel down the pyramids of the medulla…
D. maladaptive in that it harbors bacteria.
20. Some researchers think pheromones are important tools in human communication. Pheromones are chemical signals that one individual sends to another. What research questions might be asked by anatomists and what questions might be asked by physiologists to determine if pheromones are important to humans?
21. Both anatomists and physiologists are aware that form and function are interrelated.
Houston Community College
What is a hypotonic solution?
The concentration of dissolved substances is less in the extracellular fluid than in the cytoplasm. Hypotonic Solution Concentration of dissolved substances (solute) Concentration of water (solvent) What happens to an animal cells? Inside the cell Greater Less Outside the cell Less Greater Membrane
Water moves into the cell, leading to swelling and bursting
What is a hypertonic solution?
Musically speaking, there is no definite “hipster” band. Indie kids will always be identified with Death Cab6, while the hipster will try to claim The Postal Service7 as their melodic saviors. Once again, a rip-off. Hipsters hugely identify with the phrase “Oh, I doubt you’ve heard of them,” when asked about their favorite bands. Anything offbeat or mildly controversial is loved by the hipster- YACHT8, the Shins9, The Strokes-any band, regardless of style that is lesser known. When it comes to music…
1 David Hames and Nigel Hooper, Biochemistry (New York: Taylor & Francis Group, 2005) 132.
2 Hames and Hooper 132.
Ex. of glycerophospholipid
Structure of phosphatidylinositol
Sphingolipids is another sub-group of lipids that is similar to the glycerophospholipids.
However instead of the glycerol, it is replaced by a sphingosine backbone.4 These lipids are
commonly located within the myelin sheath which is found close…
In tubular steel coasters there are wheels that sit on top of the steel track, as well as wheels attached to each car which run along the bottom of the tube and along the sides. This design keeps the car securely anchored to the track, which is critical when the cars run through the structure’s twists, turns, loops, and corkscrews.
How Roller Coasters Work
For the primary duration of a roller coaster ride, a roller coaster is moved only by the forces of inertia and gravity. The only exertion…
wrist muscle in forearm)
- Also some people have extra pieces in their body (i.e. nerves)
- May be asymptomatic (no problems) or symptomatic (problems) one being people having nerve problems
-Dorsal: Protects nervous system
-Subdivisions: Cranial (brain) & Vertebral (Spinal Cord)
-Ventral: Holds internal organs
-Subdivisions: Thoracic (ribcage) & Abdominopelvic (Abdomen and pelvis)
- Double layered membrane that is separated by fluid
- Parietal: lines body…
One antagonist for the should flexion is the sternocleidmastoid.
E. What are the muscles between the ribs called? What do they do?
The muscles between the ribs are called Serratus Anterior. They are responsible for protecting, stabilizing and moving the scapula.
Exercise 3: Muscles of the Upper Body
Data Table 3 – Movement(s) performed by each muscle for Figures 8-10.
Anconeus |Extends elbow|
Biceps brachii|Flexion of the elbow and shoulder|
They contain intercellular junctions that link adjacent cells both
electronically and mechanically, effectively allowing the muscle muscle fibers to act as one.
Review Sheet 30
Dissection of the Sheep Heart
13. During the sheep heart dissection, you were asked initially to identify the right and left ventricles without cutting into the heart. During this procedure, what differences did you observe between the two chambers? The left ventricle is think and solid as it pumps…
Now, in this exhibition, I was able to actually see how the body looks like if one does not take good care of ones body and compare it when one takes good care of ones body, and I was able to draw a the difference between these two types of bodies. Of course, by comparing the two types of bodies, healthy and unhealthy, I definitely choose to take care of my body by eating well and doing exercise. I made a commitment to take my health more seriously.
At the Exhibition, there was one human specimen…