Anna Karenina Essay

  • Anna Karenina Essay

    1987 Words  | 8 Pages

    In Anna Karenina, Leo Tolstoy presents marriage in a realistic sense, marriage is not an easy institution; couples must work through the rough patches in order for it to be strong; he also presents passion as a force that can have a positive influence, but simultaneously presents passion as a factor that can have a corrupting power on a person’s life. These two couples, Levin and Kitty and Vronsky and Anna, are compared throughout the course of the novel. Levin and Kitty differ from Anna and Vronsky

  • Essay on Tolstoy's Anna Karenina

    3020 Words  | 13 Pages

    Tolstoy's Anna Karenina The world of Tolstoy's Anna Karenina is a world ruled by chance. From the very opening chapters, where a watchman is accidentally run over by a train at Moscow's Petersburg station, to the final, climactic scenes of arbitrary destruction when Levin searches for Kitty in a forest beset by lightning, characters are brought together and forced into action against their will by coincidence and, sometimes, misfortune. That Anna and Vronsky ever meet and begin the fateful

  • Anna Karenina And House Of Ulloa

    1405 Words  | 6 Pages

    Anna Karenina and House of Ulloa are two novels set in very different societies which share many resemblances of how masculinity is represented and problematized in the 19th century. The following ideas will be discussed; firstly how the theme of religion is used to represent masculinity through matrimony, women and children. Secondly, the hunting sport will be identified how it portrayed the idea as well as society in which the characters live in. Succeeding, the geographical location and what

  • Essay Judgment in Anna Karenina

    1785 Words  | 8 Pages

    The question of judgment and sympathies in Anna Karenina is one that seems to become more complicated each time I read the novel. The basic problem with locating the voice of judgment is that throughout the novel, there are places where we feel less than comfortable with the seemingly straightforward, at times even didactic presentation of Anna and Vronsky's fall into sin alongside Levin's constant moral struggle. As Anna's story unfolds in its episodic manner within the context of the rest

  • Essay on Themes of Life and Death in Anna Karenina

    1333 Words  | 6 Pages

    Themes of Life and Death in Anna Karenina The novel, Anna Karenina, parallels its heroine's, Anna Karenina, moral and social conflicts with Constantin Levin's internal struggle to find the meaning of life. There are many other underlying themes which links the novel as a whole, yet many critics at the time only looked upon its critical view of Russian life. Henry James called Tolstoy's novels as "loose and baggy monsters' of stylessness, but Tolstoy stated of Anna Karenina ".....I am very proud of

  • Trading Salvation for Personal Gratification in Anna Karenina

    1287 Words  | 6 Pages

    Trading Salvation for Personal Gratification in Anna Karenina The epigraph of Anna Karenina: "Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord," implies that judgment is a theological entitlement  (Romans, 12:19).  Tolstoy uses both social and moral issues to illustrate his characters' attitudes towards religion.  For Oblonsky, Vronsky, and Karenin, religious values are secondary.  Their lives are devoted to establishing a social position and monetary gain.  Levin finds salvation and happiness

  • Use Of Indirect Characterization in Anna Karenina Essay

    902 Words  | 4 Pages

    Use Of Indirect Characterization in Anna Karenina          Russian author, Leo Tolstoy, is famous for his novels, among them, Anna Karenina . It is said that Tolstoy reaches "unsurpassed perfection in the realistic art of the novel" with Anna Karenina . In the novel Anna Karenina , Tolstoy leads the reader through Anna Arkadyevna Karenin's life and all the people who surround her. The reader follows Anna as she sorts out a fight between her brother Stepan and his wife Dolly. Next the reader

  • Regaining Control in Anna Karenina Essay

    2244 Words  | 9 Pages

    Regaining Control in Anna Karenina Anna Karenina features significant clusters of scenes, all of which describe notable moments in the development of the novel's major figures. One of the most important clusters is when Anna travels to see Vronsky. On her way her perceptions change; she throws her "searchlight" upon herself. Arriving at the next station she sees the rails and knows what must be done. Anna has had control over her own life taken away from her, due to the societal limitations

  • Comparing and Contrasting Anna Karenina and Madam Bovary

    7118 Words  | 29 Pages

    Anna Karenina and Madame Bovary are two novels written in two different languages, around the same time period (late 1800s). Though they belong to two separate countries and are separated in history by a margin of about twenty five years, their socio political setting, and situational complexities are quite similar. ‘Madam Bovary’ takes us on a journey through the life of the extremely complex character of Emma Bovary, who has adulterous affairs and lives beyond her means in order to escape the

  • The Characters of Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina Essay

    1681 Words  | 7 Pages

    The Characters of Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina       By examining the character list, one immediately notices the value Tolstoy places on character.  With one hundred and forty named characters and several other unnamed characters,  Tolstoy places his central focus in Anna Karenina on the characters. He uses their actions and behavior to develop the plot and exemplify the major themes of the novel.  Tolstoy wishes to examine life as it really is.  Tolstoy gives us

  • Tolstoy's Perspective on Women's Rights as Depicted in Anna Karenina

    817 Words  | 4 Pages

    "Vengeance is mine; I will repay," states the darkly foretelling epigraph of Leo Tolstoy's famous novel Anna Karenina. Throughout the work, the author seems torn between feminist and misogynist sympathies, leading one to wonder if the above quote is directed at the adulterous Anna--the only character in the novel who pays for her transgressions with her life. At first, Tolstoy seems to sympathize with Anna, contrasting her situation with that of her brother Stiva, who has also committed adultery but received

  • Dysfunctional Families in Revolutionary Road and Anna Karenina

    3640 Words  | 15 Pages

    it is rooted within the familial bonds that gradually break as a result of conflict, co-dependent adults, perhaps substance abuse, and oftentimes a struggle of conformity brought on by an external source. In the novels Revolutionary Road and Anna Karenina, Richard Yates and Leo Tolstoy depict familial dysfunction that can occur as a result of society’s overwhelming ability to alter perspective and act as a catalyst to mediocrity. The characters that choose to conform to society’s moral values end

  • Essay on Comparing Heroines in Anna Karenina and War and Peace

    2444 Words  | 10 Pages

    women in their works. The image of Anna Karenina, the main character of the novel, according to Tolstoy represents both a woman, who lost herself. She stepped away from her sacred duties of being a mother and a wife, but she does not have another choice. Tolstoy tries to justify the behavior of his heroine, but at the same time her tragical destiny appears to be unavoidable. Some very poetic motives of “War and Peace” develop in the character of Anna Karenina. In particular reflects the image

  • Views on Marriage and Divorce in Tolstoy's Anna Karenina Essay

    2253 Words  | 10 Pages

    in the major works of Tolstoy. In War & Peace the marriage of Pierre to Hélène is later contrasted with that of Pierre's later marriage with Natasha (among others) and in Anna Karenina, the novel is in some ways two separate stories of two separate marriages. On one hand is the union between Levin and Kitty and on the other is Anna Arkádyevna and Alexéy Karenin. One is a marriage coming together, while the other is one breaking apart. Based on the characterization of the players involved, coupled with

  • Flaubert's Madame Bovary and Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina Essay

    3834 Words  | 16 Pages

    Madame Bovary and Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina Gustave Flaubert wrote in Madame Bovary that “someone’s death always causes a kind of stupefaction; so difficult it is to grasp this advent of nothingness and to resign ourselves to the fact that it has actually taken place” (258). Greater still is the stupefaction when the death is suicide, when the advent of nothing has been self-initiated. For the reader of both Flaubert’s Madame Bovary and Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina, the literary suicides of the

  • The Opening Line Of The Middle Of Things

    1482 Words  | 6 Pages

    In the opening chapter of Anna Karenina, Leo Tolstoy uses the technique of in medias res, which translates from Latin to “in the middle of things”, to establish the central themes of his novel. The opening line of the book serves as somewhat of a thesis statement for the seven-hundred pages that follow – that is, Tolstoy asserts the unique nature of unhappy families to preface a book about several strained familial relationships. In the next sentence, Tolstoy establishes the novel’s chaotic tone

  • What Makes A Tragic Hero?

    1179 Words  | 5 Pages

    his wife or family. Indeed, he is viewed as the awful husband who is holding Anna hostage in a loveless marriage. However, this is a highly exaggerated description, if not completely false, analysis of Karenin. Upon careful analysis of Karenin’s character and his actions, it is clear that he is not the person Anna makes him out to be. In fact, with thorough examination of the passage on pages 384 and 385 of Anna Karenina, it is clear that Alexei Karenin can be considered the hidden tragic hero of

  • Essay about Tolstoys Three Hermits

    1648 Words  | 7 Pages

    Between 1875 and 1877, Leo Tolstoy, nobility by birth, wrote installments of Anna Karenina. While writing Anna Karenina,” he became obsessed with the meaning and purpose of life. This led Tolstoy to compose the essay, My Confession, detailing his agonizing religious and moral self-examination, published in 1882. He devoted another three years to the discovery of the meaning and purpose of life. At the close of the seven years of only non-fiction essays, Tolstoy resumed writing and publishing fictional

  • Analysis of Leo Tolstoy and His Work "How Much Land Does a Man Need?"

    2543 Words  | 11 Pages

    few years, during which he turned again to educating peasant children, Tolstoy returned to literature with his second masterpiece, Anna Karenina, written between 1875 and 1877. While not as great as War and Peace, the novel still paints a broad and detailed picture of all levels of Russian life in the 1870s. Tolstoy examines three marriages: that of the heroine, Anna, who is married to the dry public servant Karenin and who has a passionate affair with a young army officer named Vronsky; the relatively

  • A Research Study On Celeste Kidd 's The Marshmallow Challenge

    1406 Words  | 6 Pages

    eighteen he dropped out of law school, drank, gambled and was involved with a lot of women. However, Tolstoy later went on to become a very famous and successful author, one of the greatest of all time. Tolstoy’s novels include “War and Peace” and “Anna Karenina”. Leo was also well known for his obsession with perfection and self-control. At the age of eighteen he started a journal which included his “rules of life”, and in it he wrote, Have a goal for your whole life, a goal for one section of your life

  • Analysis Of Leo Tolstoy 's ' The Devil 's The White City '

    1727 Words  | 7 Pages

    "All the vanity, all the charm, all of the beauty of life is made up of light and shadow", an idea put forth by Leo Tolstoy in 1873 within his novel Anna Karenina. Eric Larson expands upon this idea with in his historically intriguing novel "The Devil In The White City", a story of "murder, magic, and madness at the fair that changed America." The novel focuses mainly on the coincidental correlation of events between H.H.Holmes, America 's first serial killer, and Daniel Burnham, the main architect

  • Graham Greene's The Human Factor Essay

    1218 Words  | 5 Pages

    Graham Greene's The Human Factor   "Love was a total risk. Literature had always so proclaimed it. Tristan, Anna Karenina, even the lust of Lovelace - he had glanced at the last volume of Clarissa [13]." People are torn apart from one another simply because of a lack of understanding or a difference in each individual's definition of life. The highest hopes, dreams, and aspirations of one person may be trivial in the eyes of another. The way that one would define love, good, and evil

  • Essay about Recurring Themes in 19th Century Russian Literature

    3530 Words  | 15 Pages

    novel Anna Karenina (in Russian, Анна Каренина) is heavy with "industry vs. tradition" symbolism, a thematic undercurrent of artificial creation placed contrary to natural contentment, iron and steel battling faith and trust. Artifice is the symbol of Anna's affair with Vronsky, faith is the symbol in Levin's courtship of Kitty Shcherbatsky. Industry, labour, and the artificial shaping of the world are symbolised in Anna Karenina

  • Tolstoy's Influence on Notorious Leaders of the World Essay

    1245 Words  | 5 Pages

    gambling and joined the military to run from his debts. He began writing shortly after. He started writing letters to family and friends. Tolstoy “matured into a masterful novelist who, over the next decade and a half would write War and Peace and Anna Karenina” (Heims, p. 75). He really became inspired to start writing after he met Victor Hugo and read his book Les Miserablés, written in 1862. Leo Tolstoy borrowed the title for his best and most famous novel War and Peace, which was published in 1869

  • In “Guns, Germs, And Steel,” By Jared Diamond, Diamond

    1824 Words  | 8 Pages

    they are not immune to these diseases. Domestication of animals can be referred to as “The Anna Karenina principle.” The Anna Karenina principle is more about how “success actually requires avoiding many separate possible causes of failure” (Diamond 157). This principle is used mostly for animal domestication which allowed others to see which animals were domesticated and which failed to follow the Anna Karenina principle which meant that it failed to become domesticated. Diamond says, “...the successful

  • Wolff's Analysis of Chopin's The Awakening

    647 Words  | 3 Pages

    sexuality. This denial of language renders them silent and supposedly controllable. Despite Wolff's thorough analysis, several questions remain. Does Edna's suicide represent a victory over her repression or does it confirm that she - like Anna Karenina - is the victim of a morally repressive society? This reader is also left wondering to what extent Kate Chopin's thoughts and experiences influenced her novel? Perhaps a more historical analysis and biographical study of Chopin's life could answer

  • Charles Baudelaire, Leo Tolstoy, and Anton Chekhov: Change during Romanticism, Realism, and Naturalism

    979 Words  | 4 Pages

    master of Realism, and his own life was a reflection of the plight of man during realistic change. For example, Tolstoy’s life can be explored in two parts, the first being the life he lived in wealth on a vast estate. During this period, he wrote Anna Karenina, which to some extent concerns events during the time Russia was at war with Turkey. It was a realistic novel that Tolstoy actually considered his first romance book. The subject matter of the absolution of arranged marriages and allowing women

  • Traditional Vs. Modern Forces

    1737 Words  | 7 Pages

    created because of the cigar industry. As the industry developed, they needed a vast number of cigars made, which led to the growth of machines and the decline of cigar rollers. A tradition was starting to cease, and a new era started to arise. The play, Anna In The Tropics shows the struggle between traditional and modern forces in the 1929 cigar business in Ybor City. One of the struggles is that hand-rolled cigars demonstrate the tradition and machine-made demonstrate the modern forces. The cigar business

  • Analysis Of Chekhov 's ' The Brothers Karamazov '

    777 Words  | 4 Pages

    Brother Karamazov. Indeed, this deconstruction of “deep meaning” behind allusions and symbolism would continue throughout Chekhov’s career, and he would later write stories breaking down the ideals behind other famous novels such as Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina. Finally, there is one more point that is significant about Chekhov’s evocation of the Jonah in “Misery”. When one considers the character of Jonah, his story and attitude towards God actually fit Chekhov’s style quite well. This becomes clear

  • The Long And Brutal History Of Fake News

    924 Words  | 4 Pages

    of vital information. In his article, he states that students become attracted to the ideality of shortcuts because this time in their lives invites so much responsibility. As a professor who cares about his students, Asher distributes a novel, Anna Karenina, to all of his classes as an attempt to make his students think beyond the lines and more of what the author wants the reader to feel. Most importantly, Asher wants to help his students use this tactic in all of their other classes. The author

  • Guns, Germs, and Steel Study Questions Essay

    754 Words  | 4 Pages

    to domesticate than others? CHAPTER 8: Apples or Indians 16. Where is the fertile Crescent? 17. Why did its domesticated plants and animals give it such a head start over the rest of the world? CHAPTER 9: Zebras. Unhappy Marriages. and the Anna Karenina Principle 18. Why did Eurasia have the most domesticated animals of all continents? i9. What are the 6 characteristics of domesticated animals? CIIAPTER 10: Spacious Skies and Tilted Axes 20. Why is it significantthatEurasia is the only continent

  • Analysis Of Murakami 's Critique Of Japanese Society

    1358 Words  | 6 Pages

    distances from her old housewife self and closer to her free new self she has only been able to experience at night, while everybody sleeps soundly and ignorant, as she used to herself. As she continues to defy her husband she becomes obsessed with Anna Karenina, a novel where the narrator shares many parallels to the narrator of the short story “Sleep”. In Anna’s case, she is a wife that takes on a double life with another man and opposes the societal norms of Russia. With exception to the husband in

  • I Am Applying University Of York For Hope For Securing A Place On The Ma English Literary Studies Course

    960 Words  | 4 Pages

    structure and rules. Instead of merely following the school’s curriculum, I found it beneficial to implement additional class activities by developing exercises based on literature. I used my own copies of the Great Russian masterpieces such as Anna Karenina, War and Peace and The Cherry Orchard. Following completion of the MA course it is my dream to pursue a career in teaching by taking the PGCE in Secondary Education offered by the University. Once I have completed the PGCE I hope to travel as

  • Essay about A Feminist Reading of Galatea 2.2

    866 Words  | 4 Pages

    with this model. Throughout the novel, she is referred to as being uncontrollable emotionally, possessing almost erratic behavior, and not having any definitive grasp on her wants and needs. For example, Powers writes, " C. read Buddenbrooks and Anna Karenina. She reread Little Women. Everything made her weep. Everything." (96). He also places C. into another characteristic of the stereotypical role of the female, a woman who is completely dependent on a male. He depicts C. as a woman who needs him

  • Essay On Leo Tolstoy

    896 Words  | 4 Pages

    military and fought in the Crimean war. He soon returned home and became an author. One time, he traveled to Paris and lost all of his money gambling. He soon came home and became a great author. He wrote the works War and Peace.The Year 1805, Anna Karenina, and The Mediator and many others. He was became a leader in religion and morals. 2. Rudolfo A Anaya Rudolfo A Anaya was born on October 30, 1937 in New Mexico. He is of Hispanic descent. He is still alive to this day. He has six siblings and

  • The Indian Diaspora By Vijay Mishra

    1120 Words  | 5 Pages

    “All diasporas are unhappy, but every diaspora is unhappy in its own” (1), Vijay Mishra in his scholarly work The Literature of the Indian Diaspora, the first line of the “Introduction” chapter (echoes Anna Karenina “Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.”) poignantly marks the predicament of diasporic subject, occupying “a border zone” (1) along with their problematic association in dealing with historic specificity of time and place. He begins theorizing diaspora

  • Superman: The Story of Christopher Reeve Essay

    1015 Words  | 5 Pages

    almost took his life. Christopher Reeve was an actor that had acted in many movies such as Street Smart, The Bostonians, and “Superman”. (Foundation n.pag). He began to take up horseback riding after learning to ride for a part in a movie, called Anna Karenina. (Wikipedia n.pag). On May 27, 1995, Christopher Reeve had a terrible accident. He was thrown off a horse and hit a wall. As he hit the wall, he shattered his top two vertebrae, disconnecting his head with his neck. (Wikipedia n.pag). After

  • The Plato of the Apology

    517 Words  | 2 Pages

    the citizens. The only true teacher of the best human life can be philosophy. I find Plato’s conclusion to be deeply disconcerting. I am, first and foremost, a lover of novels. I have few greater passions. While Plato did not have the likes of Anna Karenina or A La Recherche du Temps Perdu in mind when he banished the poets from his ideal city, I cannot believe that these and other great novels would have been left unscathed. After all, these novels share similar and important preoccupations with

  • Oprah Winfrey : Successful Careers

    1328 Words  | 6 Pages

    out to even bigger and better things. Winfrey started her very own book club September 7,1996. Winfrey gave novelist’s the spotlight by allowing them to share their book to her audience. “In 2004, Leo Tolstoy 's tragic 19th-century love story, Anna Karenina, hit No. 1 on USA TODAY 's Best-Selling Books list after Winfrey embraced it.” Burns says. Oprah’s book club changed the way Americans look at books. Oprah helped several authors reach to the best seller’s category such as Deepak Chopra, Suze Orman

  • Literary Appreciation Essay

    1347 Words  | 6 Pages

    originates from. However as women, Laura and Emily, both of them live in a patriarchy social system and have to submit to the men in the family. They can not do the things they like but just live a life real humbly. Leo Tolstoy ever wrote in his book Anna Karenina,“all happy families resemble one another, but each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way”(Tolstoy, 1877). These conflicts reveal the theme of the stories as a quite important element in literature. References Williams, T. (1945). The Glass

  • Guns, Germs, and Steel Study Guide Essay

    1454 Words  | 6 Pages

    at hunting and gathering and were not very lucky in finding fertile ground to farm. According to author, James Diamond, due to protein starvation the people of New Guinea turned to cannibalism. Chapter 9: Zebras, Unhappy Marriages, and the Anna Karenina Principal Q: Identify and define the Ancient Fourteen. What is domestication? Which animals most helped Eurasians? A: The Ancient Fourteen is a list of “big” animals that were domesticated before the 20th century. 9 of the 14 are not common animals

  • Lindsay Melay CELB ENDORSEMENTS

    1745 Words  | 7 Pages

    that we all know. Any product that Oprah mentions on her show or “Favorite Things” such as books she may have selected for her book club captures the attentions of millions. In 2004, the 19th century novel, whom Oprah selected Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina for her book club, the novel reached #1 on the USA TODAY’S best selling book list. After Oprah feature the book lights and magnifiers from Lightwedge on December 2007 episode, the company website, which normally averaged $3,700 in sales per day

  • Classic vs Best Seller

    1539 Words  | 7 Pages

    of the classic. On the other hand, there could be a classic that is bestseller at the same time. In terms of other characteristics than antiquity, Leo Tolstoy, Anton Chekhov, Dostovosky, Gorky have made the landmarks such as ‘War and Peace’, ‘Anna Karenina’, ‘The Three Sisters’, ‘Cherry Orchard’, ‘Crime and Punishment’, ‘Idiot’, ‘Mother’, ‘The Lower Depth’ etc. in Russian literature guided the wave of the class consciousness. The object of classics has been best expressed in D H Lawrence’s observation:

  • The Body By Jeanette Winterson Gifts Essay

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    ‘Another married woman’”(Winterson, 24). This pattern is a very feminine characteristic, continuing a pattern that you know will not work in the end is a common stereotype with women. The Narrator also shows a love of dramatic Russian Romances like Anna Karenina, further proof of the protagonist’s romantic nature a feminine and sensitive quality. However, there is another side to the protagonist exist a more masculine side that contrasts the sensitive and feminine side creating a completely ambiguous character

  • Reading And Writing About Family Guy : The Semiotics Of Stream Of Consciousness

    1619 Words  | 7 Pages

    knowledge into how our brains work, Seth Macfarlane and the other writers of the show just start to look more and more like geniuses. Before wrapping up the essay, Transue lists off a couple of other examples of stream of consciousness texts, like Anna Karenina and The Garden of Cyrus, to give some more outside support of his argument. The amount of other texts he has provided for the reader to look at and compare to Family Guy helps his credibility in a major way. He also made a very interesting comparison

  • Essay Prompts

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    a specific death scene helps to illuminate the meaning of the work as whole. Avoid mere plot summary. You may select a work from the list below or choose another novel or play of comparable literary merit. All the King’s Men King Lear Anna Karenina Madame Bovary As I Lay Dying The Mill on the Floss The Awakening Moby-Dick Billy Budd Mrs. Dalloway Bleak House Native Son Bless Me,Ultima One Hundred Years of Solitude Catch-22 Othello Crime and Punishment

  • Authentically Portrayed Women in Literature Essay

    2165 Words  | 9 Pages

    Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina; Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the Wind; Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire. Upon first glance, these classics of literary legend appear to have nothing in common. However, looking closer, one concept unites these three works of art. At the center of each story stands a woman--an authentically portrayed woman. A woman with strengths, flaws, desires, memories, hopes, and dreams. Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina, Mitchell’s Scarlett O’Hara, and Williams’ Blanche DuBois

  • Guns Germs and Steel Chapter Summary

    2530 Words  | 11 Pages

    persuade hunter-gathers to switch life-styles. Theory of competition between peoples to yield crop adoption or displacement in presence of cultural inertia. Chapter 9: Zebras, Unhappy Marriages, and the Anna Karenina Principle Successfully domesticated animal species, like the happy families of Anna Karenina, are all alike in that all requirements--not just some--must be satisfied.  All large animals that could be domesticated were domesticated by 2500 BC.  Cultural obstacles do not explain the absence

  • Gus germs and steel Essay

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    ) Nasty disposition-The animals must not kill humans on a regular basis. E.) Tendency to panic-The animals can’t kill themselves when running from a predator. F.) Social structure-The animals must be able to get along with others. 3. The Anna Karenina quote (“All happy families are alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.”) supports Diamonds thesis in that to domesticate an animal, the animal must succeed in every aspect listed above. If as little as one characteristic is not

  • Summaries of Guns Germs and Steel

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    resisting change.  Of 200,000 wild plants, only about 200 have been domesticated for consumption, and 12 species account for 80% of world food tonnage. Chapter 9: Zebras, Unhappy Marriages, and the Anna Karenina Principle Successfully domesticated animal species, like the happy families of Anna Karenina, are all alike in that all requirements must be satisfied.  All large animals that could be domesticated were domesticated by 2500 BC.  Cultural obstacles do not explain the absence of domesticates