Charlemagne King of the Franks
Born in about 742, Charlemagne was the son of King Pepin III (known as Pepin the Short). Pepin and his brother together ruled the Franks, whose kingdom included parts of present-day France, Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands. Upon Pepin 's death in 768, Charlemagne and his brother Carloman inherited the kingdom. When Carloman died three years later, Charlemagne became the sole ruler.
Charlemagne, also known as Charles the great was a ruler in times of turmoil
to the decline/ fall/ end of antiquity i.e. the Greco- Roman world. The purpose of this essay is to outline the several reasons that led to the decline. The essay attends to two essays, namely The Decay of Ancient Civilization and Mohammed and Charlemagne by Michael Rostovtzeff and Henri Pirenne, respectively to reason the end of antiquity and the beginning of middle ages.
The essay is divided into two sections and discusses the reasons provided by Michael Rostovtzeff, followed by the reasons provided
important person during this new Europe was the Frankish king Charlemagne. His rule was known throughout the world, and Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne the "Emperor of the Romans." On top of this title, he still held all of his other titles. Charlemagne made tons of contributions during this time in Europe. He had educational and clerical reforms, and preached on discipline, learning, and piety.
In the essay "The Emperor Charlemagne," Einhard discussed the rise and greatness of this ruler, and
these advances, it is fair to say that Carolingian developments reached their peak during the reign of Charlemagne, a leader and reformer of the church who fully appreciated the importance of learning and education. Throughout his reign, he established himself, as a ruler, and his empire as an example that subsequent Kings of the Middle Ages would aim to obtain and uphold. In addition, Charlemagne created a cultural legacy that allowed the empire to prosper and formed links between the medieval world
Roland to Charlemagne. After all, Roland was a hero in this epic poem. He was one of Charlemagne’s nephews, his favorite, and an exceptional warrior. Roland understood the importance of the Frankish campaign with Spain as a crusade, and never allowed settlement with the Saracens. Ganelon, Roland’s stepfather, was also a great warrior and was named the messenger to the Saracens by Roland. This infuriated him so he sought revenge. So, Ganelon was advising Marsillion on how to defeat Charlemagne. He was
After reading two versions of “The Life of Charlemagne”, one written by a person who lived with Charlemagne, and one who didn’t, it is evident that Charlemagne is portrayed in a negative way by the author, the Monk of St. Gall, and in a positive way by Einhard. Einhard was very close to Charlemagne. He lived at the same time and with Charlemagne himself. His version of “The Life of Charlemagne” was writing right after his death. The Monk of St. Gall wrote his version more than 70 years after Charlemagne’s
Charlemagne and Augustus were separated by many centuries (seven), in that time many changes occurred in both culture and lifestyles. Charlemagne and Augustus had a few similarities but many more differences. Examples of the similarities would be they both ruled large empires with close to the same amount of territory governed. To rule these large empires they both had to fight off rival kingdoms/empires/tribes. They were also similar in they inherited their respective territories. However, their
ramifications to this reality. We see the Carolingian Renaissance, which was brought on by the conversion of the Franks, and the Monastic Ideal. The monastery consists of monks and nuns. Literature survived due to the monks that were under command of Charlemagne copied all the literature of that time. The monks were also responsible for the growth and development of the practical arts within the education system.
St. Leo I (The Great)
Leo the Great and Pope Gregory were the only two Popes to
missionaries to convert them to Christianity or where necessary wean them off the Arian heresy .
After the death of Gregory the Great we see that the Papacy would fall on hard times. During the time
between the death of Gregory and the rise of Charlemagne there was a period of dark times. It was
hard on the Papacy because the shift of Lombard’s and Byzantine rulers. We see that Pope Honorius I
was involved in the controversy between orthodoxy and the Monophysities. Pope Honorius argued that
Charlemagne (Charles the great, Karl 1)
Charlemagne, also known as Karl I or Charles the great  was the king of the Frankish (the Germanic peoples of France, west Germany and North Italy). He took the throne in 768 A.D after the death of his father Pepin the short, with his brother Carloman as co-ruler. He became king of Italy in 774 after his conquest of the Lombard kingdoms and after 800 A.D he was proclaimed the ‘Emperor of the Romans’ by the Pope Leo III. This marks the peak of the Carolingian
The characteristics and deeds of Charles the Great were recorded in The life of Charlemagne after Charles’ death by the courtier, Einhard, who argues that Charles was the greatest, idealistic king and must be passed on to the next generation. The author Einhard, a courtier to Charlemagne served as an attendant to the king, dedicated the writing to Charles and Charles’ son, Louis, for who it was to serve as a guide to being a great king. Although Einhard is humble in stating that he is not worthy
All throughout history, religion has expressed the answer to our deepest questions that we ask. It has been dedicated to be centrally place in the lives of all civilizations and cultures. Religion had a great influence on how Ashoka, Clovis and Charlemagne ruled their people.
Ashoka was born in the year 304 BC to a military family who did not practice religion. After a civil war in India, the warrior Ashoka became the third emperor of the powerful Mauryan dynasty. Emperor Ahsoka was soon to gain
Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, reigned during a time of much turmoil and upheaval in Europe during middle ages. Charlemagne’s background and family history contributed much to his rise to power. The triumphs of his past lineage prepared him to take on the task of governing the Frankish Empire, and defending it from invaders. Charlemagne accomplished much during his supremacy. He not only brought education back into medieval Europe, but also invented an efficient way to govern his people. His
and form what is known as the Carolingian Empire. Being a Frankish noble family meant that they originally began as a Germanic tribe until 496 A.D when Clovis I, the first ruler of the Franks united all of the Frankish tribes underneath his rule. Charlemagne was born to Pepin the Younger, king of the Franks from the years 751-768 A.D who was also the first of the Carolingians to become King, and his wife, the Frankish queen, Bertrada of Laon. The day and month of his birth is agreed by scholars to be
unseen by any congregation in the history of the church. A Pope uses his assertiveness to prove the Church is able to appoint who will be Emperor of Rome. Pope Leo III had invited Charlemagne to attend mass while in Rome on business. As Charlemagne knelt, the Pope quietly and purposely positioned himself in front of Charlemagne and crowned him Emperor.
The coronation of Charles may be explained on grounds of temporary expediency: but it also had its root in the ideal aspirations men’s hearts, in regards
exemplifies chivalry by being brave, honest, and loyal to King Charlemagne.
King Charlemagne talks to his trusted council about a peace offer from the Saracens. Roland, in response to this announcement, warns Charlemagne, “Trust Marsilion—and suffer” (196). He reminds King Charlemagne that Marsilion has already betrayed their trust when he killed the French counts, Basan and Basile and does not believe that Marsilion is trustworthy. King Charlemagne however, does not agree and has decided to send someone
famous work about Charlemagne is a book entitled The Two Lives of Charlemagne which consists of two separate biographies published into one book and tells the story of Charlemagne's life as two different people experienced it. Apart from this, there are many other places you can turn to learn more about the life of the king of the Franks, including letters, capitularies, inventories, annals, and more. However, each of these sources seem to paint a different picture of Charlemagne. In one, he seems
Einhard, in his account of Charlemagne, and Ibn Battuta, in his account of Mansa Sulaiman, give witness to the way these two kings ruled their lands and provide an insight on how culture has an effect on people’s views of their leaders. Although each one lived in different cultures, each ruler embodied similar characteristics, such as the influence of religion on their realms. However, there are several distinct differences as well, and each narrative contains cultural bias that cannot be ignored
History 101 - Fast Forward
SUBMITTED: September 30, 1996
Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (742-814), was a strong
leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the
Church. His belief in the need for education among the Frankish people was to
bring about religious, political, and educational reforms that would change the
history of Europe.
Charlemagne was born in 742 at Aachen
Pass on August 15, 778
* Baligant - emir of Babylon; Marsilion enlists his help against Charlemagne.
* Blancandrin - wise pagan; suggests bribing Charlemagne out of Spain with hostages and gifts, and then suggests dishonouring a promise to allow Marsilion's baptism
* Bramimonde - Queen of Zaragoza; captured and converted by Charlemagne after the city falls
* Charlemagne- Holy Roman Emperor; his forces fight the Saracens in Spain.
* Ganelon-treacherous lord and Roland's
Karl der Grosse died at the age of 71 years old and he lived during the middle ages. Karl der Grosse is also known as Charlemagne or Charles the Great. Charlemagne was the first Emperor in Western Europe since the fall of the Roman Empire.
Charlemagne’s dad, Pepin the Short, was the king of the Frankish people and after he died Charlemagne took over as the King. In 799 Charlemagne was crowned the Emperor of the Romans. After the fall of the Roman Empire the whole Empire was just a bunch of tribes
Empire (Salisbury & Sherman 163).
4. Compare and contrast the emperorships of Justinian and Charlemagne. How did they rule in a similar manner? How were they different?
Emperors Justinian and Charlemagne had similarities and differences in the way they ruled. Justinian was born in poverty, but through his uncle would be crowned as emperor. He would reign with great energy. Charlemagne was of German decent; he would come to be known as an enlightened emperor and had a thirst for knowledge
HIS 100-810 — The West and the World to 1500 – Paper Prep Assignment – October 5th, 2015
What problems did Western Europe face after the death of Charlemagne
(d. 814) and how were they resolved?
Charlemagne(Charles the great) king of Frank was a great “warrior king”, he controlled the former European core of Western Roman empire, northern Italy and all Gaul and had absorbed its German and North sea periphery. Later in 814 charles died and the crown was passed to his sole heir
Magnus more commonly referred to as Charlemagne. Through a brief exploration of his life and nonmartial achievements the writer will provide evidence that the rise to power of Charlemagne was a stunning shift out of the dark ages after the fall of the Roman Empire.
Aix-la-Chapelle and Architecture
One of the most signifying moments of his rule was the desire Charlemagne had to create his own capital city. At the founding of the Holy Roman Empire Charlemagne chose the small town of Aix-la-Chapelle
thoughts are in unison with a common goal in mind. Charlemagne, who was born in the year 742 and died in 814 . He was a Frankish King who built one of the largest empires and was crowned All Holy Ruler by the Pope. Although he could not write, he was an admirable king who supported education by setting up schools. Charlemagne was also a fanatic of the Christian religion by helping his church spread Christianity throughout Europe. Although Charlemagne was not religiously tolerant to non- Christians,
Year 8 History
Charlemagne, Great emperor of Western Europe
Name: Josh Smith
Teacher: Mr Potgieter
Due Date: 4 November 2014
Table of Contents
1. List of Illustrations 3
2. Introduction 4
3. Charlemagne 4
4. Education 6
5. Educational impact 7
6. Bibliography 7
List of Illustrations
Figure 1: Portrait of Charlemagne 4
Figure 2: Map of kingdom 4
Figure 3: Historical manuscript 6
poem describes events happening several centuries earlier, during the reign of the mighty Christian warrior-king Charlemagne. The historical context of the poem therefore straddles several centuries, and to properly understand the poem we must bear in mind its rich historical background.
The poem is a legendary account with some basis in reality: in 778, the rearguard of Charlemagne 's army was slaughtered in the Roncesvalles (old French: Rencesvals) pass of the Pyrenees mountains. Accounts from
Charlemagne is described by Janet Nelson as being a role model for Einhard. Einhard himself writes in the first paragraph of The Life of Charlemagne, “After I decided to write about the life, character and no small part of the accomplishments of my lord and foster father, Charles, that most excellent and deservedly famous king, I determined to do so with as much brevity as I could.” I feel that these are sincere words about the man who cared for Einhard. I feel that Einhard’s purpose for writing
While the monasteries were dealing with their problems, a new king; Charlemagne was rising as the new leader of the Franks
Charlemagne, king of the Frankish empire, was the grandson of a war leader. Charlemagne was known as one of the most illuminating figures of the dark ages because of what he’s remembered for. Charlemagne never lost a war battle, not to mention his previous ancestors. The Frankish empire was split between Charlemagne and his brother when their father died. Charlemagne’s ultimate goal
“Legitimacy of Charlemagne”
Charles, or better known as Charlemagne or “Charles the Great”, was born in 742 AD. Charlemagne was described as having a cheerful face and attractive gray hair (Becher, pg.2). He was described as being a tall man, not only in height, being that his “height was equal to the length of seven of his feet”, but as Einhard also pointed out he had a “neck that was fat and too short, and a large belly” (Becher, pg. 2). Charlemagne over the years had claimed many
separated kingdoms. This was until Charlemagne the Great came along in the 9th century.
The Middle Ages was an era of historical changes due to the influence of significant people and events that shaped society. A significant person who influenced the Middle Ages was Charlemagne. Charlemagne (also known as Charles the Great). He was the first person to unite the people of Europe since the fall of Rome in 476 CE. Charlemagne became the King of Franks in 800 CE. Charlemagne dedicated his reign to spreading
Charlemagne by the Sword and the Cross
"By the sword and the cross," Charlemagne became master of Western Europe. It was falling into decay when Charlemagne became joint king of the Franks in 768. Except in the monasteries, people had all but forgotten education and the arts. Boldly Charlemagne conquered barbarians and kings alike. By restoring the roots of learning and order, he preserved many political rights and revived culture.
Charlemagne's grandfather was Charles Martel, the warrior
epitome of what leadership in Rome and abroad looks like.
Charlemagne and the Carolingians inherited land that retained some of the attributes of Roman administration, specifically laws and systems of taxation. The Frankish culture was not urban and as a result in the early Middle Ages we see a general decline of urban life.
The reign of Charlemagne (742-814) was that of a transition from classical to medieval civilization. Charlemagne ruled the Frankish kingdom from 771-814 which is and was
The two lives of Charlemagne as told by Einhard and Notker the Stammerer are very different accounts of the life of the great Emperor. Einhard gives us a historical overview of the life of Charlemagne who lived from 742 to 814 A.D. Charlemagne was also known as Charles the Great and the King of the Franks.Charles was one of four children born to Pepin the Short, A Mayor of the Palace of the Carolingian Empire. He had one brother, Carloman and two sisters, Gisela and Pepin.Since
for himself and restored the power to the monarchy. He shared the kingdom with his brother Carloman. They ruled the land in harmony. Ten years later Pope Stephen crowned Pepin, and thereby solidifying his right to the throne. He had a son named Charlemagne, who later became king and was referred to as “Charles the Great”. This honorable name was bestowed upon him because he was the first king to re-establish order to this unruly empire. Charles united the Frankish empire, encouraged commerce, and
Collins and Backman have approached the life of Charlemagne with different points of view; however, Barbero seems to have the strongest argument for the cause of the Saxon War. The other historians were less willing to see the Saxon war as a religious war. The life of Charlemagne was interesting to historians because it was filled with many vigorous wars that he fought including the infamous Saxon War. From the beginning of his life, Charlemagne was destined to rule a nation and lead his people
Most scholars, under the same breath, deem Charlemagne as the hero Dark Age Europe needed. As the king of the Frankish kingdom, Frankia, from 768, he started recovering order after the collapse of the Roman Empire in the Dark Ages. On the other hand, some believe that he is the cause of World War II. They reason that he caused the separation of his land into Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and western Germany by giving parts of his kingdom to his sons. However, his sons, through their foolishness
Charlemagne was the king of the Franks and emperor of the Romans from 800-814. During his reign Charlemagne built a kingdom that included almost all of western and central Europe and he started Carolingian Renaissance. His empire had two main territories, East and west Francia that is now the major parts of two important European entities. West Francia is modern-day France, and East Francia became first the Holy Roman Empire and then the modern state of Germany.
Charlemagne or known as Charles the Great was born during the beginning of 742 and Charles was considered to be born a bastard child. A bastard child is when any children that are born from parents that were not married and this was the very serious issue in history, but it is very common in today 's time. Charlemagne was the son of King Pippin; King Pippin III was crowned in 751 as the king of Franks. Without the actions of Charlemagne, the modern Western Europe might be different from what it is
Charlemagne, also known as Karl I or Charles the great  was the king of the Frankish (the Germanic peoples of France, west Germany and North Italy). He took the throne in 768 A.D after the death of his father Pepin the short, with his brother Carloman as co-ruler. He became king of Italy in 774 after his conquest of the Lombard kingdoms and after 800 A.D he was proclaimed the ‘Emperor of the Romans’ by the Pope Leo III. This marks the peak of the Carolingian empire that Charlemagne founded 
How did Charlemagne Build and Govern his Empire?
Charlemagne was one of the most successful rulers of his time period. How did he build and govern his empire the way he did? He used a combination of his personal charisma and intelligence, the feudal system, the Church, and war in order to create the greatest Empire since the time of the Romans. His dislike of corruption, and his power in battle all contributed to his success as Emperor.
Charlemagne himself was the key to his own success. He himself
power. The nature of the Catholic Church began its reform around the time Charlemagne, from 768 to 814, took control. He became a Christian emperor and the first great political leader in Western Europe. His main goal was to promote the Roman Catholic religion throughout all of the world known to man, and to do this Charlemagne coordinated with the pope, which in turn the pope crowned him the holy Roman Emperor.
Charlemagne strived to reestablish central authority and revive the culture of the Early
of Charlemagne's imperial reign, the Church was full of inconsistencies and unorthodox practices. Clergy from different areas practiced the faith in different ways because many of the texts they used were badly translated and contained errors.1 Charlemagne would receive letters, detailing monks prayers, that contained both “correct thoughts and uncouth expressions”2 He was worried that if they could not write correctly, then they might be misinterpreting the bible and God would not be honored. Many
Christians and Muslims in 778 A.D. In it, Charlemagne and his men, weary in their seventh year of battle against pagan forces in Spain, have captured every heathen stronghold but the kingdom of Saragossa, held by the Muslim king Marsile. Terrified of the might of Charlemagne’s army, Marsile promises treasures, hostages and his conversion to Christianity if the Franks will go back to France. However, Marsile has no intention of surrendering and wants only for Charlemagne to end his siege of the city and get
By the Cross and the Sword : Charlemagne’s Impact on the West. “He who ordains the fate of kingdoms in the march of the centuries, the all-powerful Disposer of events, having destroyed one extraordinary image, that of the Romans, which had, it was true, feet of iron, or even feet of clay, then raised up, among the Franks, the golden head of a second image, equally remarkable, in the person of the illustrious Charlemagne. Notker the Stammerer, the monk of St. Gall, wrote these words
The Life of Charlemagne, written by the Frankish scholar Einhard, is a biography on the personal life and achievements of Charlemagne, a ruler of the Franks and the king of Italy. He ruled from 774-800. Einhard, a male Frankish scholar, was born to noble parents in the Main Valley, around 770 A.D. He was educated in the monastery of Fulda, and shortly after sent to the palace school of Charlemagne in Aachen. Eventually becoming a personal adviser and a close friend to the king of the Franks, he influenced
Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great and Charles I, was not only a king of France, but a commanding historical figure. Charlemagne is believed to have been born sometime around the year 742. He became King of the Franks in 768 and went on to become the Emperor of the Carolingian Empire in 800, before his death in 814.
Charlemagne’s father, King Pepin (the short), officially put an end to the Merovingian line of kings to become King of the Franks, and willed that Francia be divided between
Charlemagne or Charles the Great, (747-814) was one of the most significant people during the Middle Ages, playing a key role in defining the shape and character of Medieval Europe. Considered the ‘Father of Europe’, Charlemagne reigned as King of the Franks (768-814) and became the first Holy Roman Emperor (800-814). He created a great empire as he dramatically expanded the Frankish Kingdom in a series of conquests that united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire. He
Einhard's Life of Charlemagne, a very succinct description of King Charles' ideals, beliefs, attitudes and traits are depicted along with his life's territorial as well as mental conquests illustrated. Charlemagne was a man with a vision of a utopian society united under Christianity in its glorious form in an almost Camelot like kingdom. Einhard's literary work gives society an insight into King Charles and what made him capable of being Augustus.
As indicated by Einhard, Charlemagne was a man of all
The two lives of Charlemagne as told by Einhard and Notker are two medieval sources about the accounts of the life Charlemagne. Modern sources by Matthew Innes and Rosamond Mckitterick discuss how history was recorded during the medieval period and how it was suppose to be viewed in the early ages. Observing each of these sources helps get an understanding of how the writing of history is important in recorded history and how it affected how the history of Charlemagne was recorded.