Cognitive Dissonance Essay

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    Cognitive Dissonance

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    Psych Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive dissonance theory has been around since the late fifties. It has inspired many psychologists to figure out the murky depths of people’s minds. The theory relates strongly to decision making, social phenomenons and mental angst. Many paradigms exist within cognitive dissonance. Two important paradigms are the Belief Disconfirmation paradigm and the Free Choice paradigm. There are several experiments that have been studied that relate to cognitive dissonance, including

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    Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive Dissonance or mental stress which is primarily caused by contradictory beliefs, can be a common part of some peoples life’s however we are psychologically motivated to avoid situations which cause mental stress. This paper will discuss a situation and the behavior using attribution theory, the reciprocal relationship between behavior and attitudes as well as how cognitive dissonance theory could be used to rationalize the behavior. Situation and Subsequent Behavior

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    Cognitive Dissonance

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    were interested in the cognitive dissonance, which can influence a person decision to choose one action or thought over another. The researchers were also interested in forced compliance, where authority can force individuals to say or act in a way that is conflicting to one’s own private opinion, whereas, the individual's attitude is altered through persuasion and authority. “Force” was operationally defined as the amount of reward offered for lying and cognitive dissonance experienced from the participant’s

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    Cognitive Dissonance

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    Leon Festinger and James M. Carlsmith (1959) were interested in the cognitive dissonance experienced when a person is forced to say or do something that is conflicting to one’s private opinion of the matter. Cognitive dissonance is most persuasive when it comes to feelings and thoughts about oneself and can motivate or influence us to choose one action or thought over another. The researchers were also interested in forced compliance theory, which is the idea that authority or some other perceived

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    Cognitive Dissonance

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    This chapter focuses on the scientists Leon Festinger and his theory of cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance is when an individual adjusts their beliefs to fit with another person’s actions. Festinger performed multiple experiments to demonstrate cognitive dissonance. One of his experiments involved a group of people who believed that the world was going to end due to a huge flood on December 21st. 1954. Festinger infiltrated this group and pretended to be a believer of the theory. This cult

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    footsteps of my beer bash friends. Prescribing to any of the alternatives may lead to dissonance as drinking may deteriorate health and cause lower grades, while not attending the beer bash may give my best friend and peers a sense of their rejection. What happens to people when they discover dissonant cognitions? The answer to this question forms the postulation of Festinger’s theory. Festinger's theory of Cognitive Dissonance postulates that individuals, when presented with evidence contrary to their worldview

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    created the cognitive dissonance theory as an attempt to explain why people desire to have consistency between their behaviors and actions. Cognitive dissonance is the distressing mental state people feel when they find themselves doing things that don’t fit with what they know, or having opinions that do not fit with other opinions they hold (Festinger, 1957; as cited in Griffin, 2009). Thus, people are motivated to change either their behavior or their belief when feelings of dissonance arise.

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    years of the 1950s did not only bring about racial segregation and international liberation. For the world of the communication researchers, it also brought about the birth of one of the most notable behavioral theories known to date — the Cognitive Dissonance Theory. As mentioned by Bryant & Smith in their Historical Overview of Research in Communication Science (2010, p. 13), majority of the theories and research that supported the communication discipline was heavily borrowed and translated from

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    side from being testable through experiments such as the mentioned above, cognitive dissonance theory can predict future events, which is a criteria of a good theory according to Griffin (p. 25), by helping to explain human behavior. “Social psychologists have been trying for many years to predict the conditions under which attitudes and opinions are changed...first major breakthrough in this area came [from] Leon Festinger” (Chapanis, 1964). Objective theorist aim for reality, and when they measure

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    People have the tendency to only see what they want to see sometimes, but why? Seeing or hearing something that does not match up with one’s views or morals can lead to cognitive dissonance. According to Thibodeau and Aronson (1992) this is particularly true if a person hears something that can lead to them themselves being personally responsible for a negative event. The thought of causing something they know to be negative doesn’t coincide with their need to be good and right. People typically

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