rapid deforestation continues to affect the ecosystem. (Mainville, et al, 2006). The main causes of deforestation include unsustainable logging, agriculture, invasive species, fire, fuel wood gathering, and livestock grazing. The widespread of this issue has become an important consideration in global policy processes that deal with biodiversity, climate change, and forest management (Thompson, et al. 2013) The Ecuador is one of the world’s countries with the highest rates of deforestation, estimated…
two seasons worth of crop growing, therefore more trees have
to be cut down.
There are other reasons for deforestation, such as to construct towns
or dams, which flood large areas and using wood for fuel.
As a consequence of deforestation, there are many effects on the
environment and the animals. The immediate and long-term consequences
of global deforestation are almost certain to jeopardize life on
Earth, as we know it. Some of these consequences include: loss of
decline of 30% in the
amount of moisture will evaporate into the atmosphere" (Delfgaauw, 1996). This
leads to the global warming phenomenon which is also directly related to the
declining amounts of forest areas on the earth.
Soil erosion caused by deforestation is also a major concern among even
the most amateur environmentalists:
"When rain falls, some may sink to the ground, some may run off the
surface of the land, and flowing down towards the rivers and some may evaporate.
Running water is a major…
normal activity. According to Ronald W.A Hutjes from the Wageningen University research center, he stated that thanks to several campaigns documented in the mid-eighties which documented surface-atmosphere exchange processes, we can proof that deforestation indeed disturb the Hydrologic cycle. The rapid growth of the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) over pasture in dry season has been shown to lead to earlier formation of cumulus and consequent reduction in solar irradiation used satellite image to…
There are many reasons for the expansion of deforestation. For instance agricultural activities, which are one of the major factors affecting deforestation because of the steadily increasing demand for food products, a large amount of trees are being cut down for cattle gazing. Logging contributes to all the wood base industries of paper, furniture, as well as a significant amount of wood supply. Wood is also used as fuel, therefore trees are cut for supplies, some examples of wood being used as…
1960 and 1990. It is also estimated that approximately 7.5
hectares of rainforest are being cut down each year.
This is extremely unlikely to be replaced. The Amazon rainforest is in
extreme danger. Developments such as deforestation are proving to be a
Developments that have taken place
Numerous types of developments have taken place in the Amazon
The aim of this is to bring wealth to the area by using its natural
Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and letter-writing campaign has led the Brazilian National Congress to put mahagony logging on hold for the next two years. Also, President Cardoso has introduced a measure to stop deforestation as a result of farming and ranching . This would limit clearing to twenty percent rather than fifty. RAN has also convinced thousands of U.S. architects, builders and lumber yards to stop seling and using old growth redwood. The are now calling…
us! I mean, some people say we can’t live without love, but I think oxygen is more important! Can you imagine couples trying to hug and kiss, meanwhile, they are choking or turning blue in the face? Impossible.
Another major consequence of deforestation is the fact that there are hundreds and thousands of species losing their homes. Without their habitations, wild animals such as wolves, foxes and possums will be forced to find a new home. But since there are no forests, they will end up in your…
consider the fact where the lumber comes from. The same trees brought down and logged are used for its beautiful lumber that today is being used to provide even the fanciest house with very expensive furniture; therefore being a major cause of deforestation for the same claim humans have for such beautiful lumber.
Lastly, after cattle have soiled the grounds of the area where it roamed, this land gets turned into fields after fields of cultivation. “first a rainforest area is logged for its valuable…
In order to address the role of international law concerning deforestation and desertification it is first important to explore what these concepts entail.
Deforestation can be defined as the clearing and destruction of the vital rain forests and forests worldwide. The causes of deforestation lie in the immense population growth and poverty that exists internationally (Office of Technology Assessment 305). Deforestation exists due to the pursuit of fuel sources, clearance for agricultural…
There are thousands of species in the Sumatra forest who are being affected by deforestation. Many of the food and products used today contribute to the deforestation of one of the largest rainforests in the world. Although it is hard to pinpoint one cause of deforestation there are a few that stand out. Palm oil plantations, illegal loggers, and paper companies, are devastating some of the worlds most endangered species.
First, palm oil plantations play a large role in the decreasing wildlife…
species survive. Edge effects impede this process. The Center for Planetary Studies describes the effect of a major highway being cut through the center of the Amazon Rain Forest in the Brazilian state of Rondonia as a "fishbone pattern of deforestation." This network of small access roads allows hunters and non-native animals and predators access to a much larger portion…
species growth. In addition, increase in afforestation and reforestation will be common by replacing high biodiversity non-forest ecosystem (Swan and McNelly, 2011).
Conservation of forest in REDD+ area can lead to displacement (leakage) of deforestation and degradation to other non-REDD+ site. For example, in Indonesia, targeting carbon dense peat land forest will increase pressure to convert forest to oil palm plantation on mineral soil affecting existing biodiverse ecosystem (Swan and McNelly…
forests annually. It has been suggested that the high deforestation rates are caused partially by the fact that the new surveys are more accurate and thus reveal old deforestation rates that were miscalculated with previous methods (Westoby, 202).
At first there was concern only among foresters about deforestation but now the public has created organizations such as Green Peace to facilitate increased awareness and reduce deforestation. The Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A.O.) has worked…
At first there was concern only among foresters about deforestation but
now the public has created organizations such as Green Peace to help increase
awareness and reduce deforestation. The Food and Agriculture Organization or
F.A.O, has worked mainly within the forest community to find new and better ways
to manage the forests. Also, in 1985 there was the introduction of the Tropical
Forestry Action Plan or T.F.A.P. This plan involved the F.A.O, United Nations
development programs, the World Bank…
Deforestation is a serious issue in today’s world. What once was a green Earth is now becoming a desolate land mold that is losing one of its main attributes: forests. Similar to Rachel Carson’s perception, the Earth was once full of lavish forests and is slowly deteriorating into empty, unappealing land.
Centuries ago, Earth was covered in forests. “…The whole country, full of woods and thickets...” (Bradford) was the average for settlers in the 1800s. They had grown accustomed to the full lush…
become such an
influential part of our society that companies are willing to sacrifice a
species in order to make a profit. The northern spotted owl is only one of many
species that are on the verge of extinction do to deforestation. Another
important consideration in the deforestation of the Pacific North Coast is
logging as a business. The investors of a publicly owned company sole concern
is the growth of their stock, and this for lumber companies is accomplished by
harvesting trees in the most…
As for basic nourishments, the leaves on a tree absorb carbon dioxide also known as photosynthesis which releases oxygen into the air. Leaves are nutritious and are one main resource for the consumption for animal survival. While trees and deforestation are a problem, animals are too because of cattle grazing which is an addition to the destruction of forests.
A luxury tax on meat items can help the solution of cattle grazing by slowly luring people into buying less meat products. With a luxury…
unprotected old-growth forests on the coast are now being liquidated by the timber industry and cleared for huge plantations of African palm which are currently responsible for the fastest deforestation rate in South America.
Currently Ecuador’s major environmental problems are erosion in the highland areas, deforestation, and water pollution. Water Resources estimated that the amount of arid land increased by 31.5% between 1954 and 1979, when 7.5% of the coastal lowland and Sierra were classified as arid…
This problem certainly isn’t central to Australia, with deforestation most commonly occurring in Latin America, Southeast Asia and Africa, however Australia like the rest of the world is affected by the consequences nonetheless. It’s a well-known fact that rainforests have the ability to absorb immense amounts of carbon dioxide and release oxygen by photosynthesis. Not only do we lose a source of oxygen and CO2 recycling, but when trees are burned or cut down, they actually release CO2 because 50…
wood. If we were to look around our homes and count all the items that are made of wood we would probably find that 60 percent are made of wood. Without wood humans and other species would never be able to survive.
Another pro argument of deforestation is the issue of fuel wood in rural areas. The use of fuel wood in the growing cities contrasts strictly with the more familiar patterns of rural areas. The growth of energy used in rural household still dominates the energy budgets of many developing…
Frontierism plays a huge role in contributing to deforestation in America because it is enabling various logging companies to rationalize the need for wood. The demand for timber seems to be increasing in America as the rate of our forests decrease. The selfishness involved with this whole idea of frontierism is an outrage. Americans need to be further educated about frontierism and its persuasion on deforestation. This is one of the main problems why America is where they are today as far as the…
have been made, deforestation has not slowed down. The FAO of the United States (Food and Agriculture Organization) shows that deforestation rates increased 8.5% from 2000-2005 when compared with the 1990’s. The loss of primary forests expanded approximately by 25% over the same period. Nigeria and Vietnam’s rate of primary forest loss has doubled since the 1990’s and Peru’s rate has tripled. On the graph below, you will be able to see the rate of change in total deforestation rate.
of deforestation is ranching and farming. Land must be cleared in order to cultivate crops or to raise livestock. Grazing land is needed to sustain cattle herds, sheep and goats. Also roads, highways and railroads are needed to transport crops once they are marketed and to transport livestock to slaughterhouses. Philip Fearnside also reports that much of the deforestation done by agriculture in Brazil in scale to the size of the operation, “The association of major swings in deforestation rate…
Through educating local farmers, governments aim to teach
farmer the Dangers of Deforestation and Slash-and-Burn. Apart from
educating farmers, Governments could provide incentives to farmers, or
give the High Yielding Varieties of seeds so that less land is cut
down, and give farmers fertilisers so that they can use the same block
of land for a longer period of time. Improvement of technology would
also help as access to machinery would allow farmers to manage the
approximately thirty percent (“Deforestation”). That is about nine percent of the world’s total surface. The largest rainforest is the Amazon River Basin, located in South America. The Amazon is home to many species of animals, insects, plants and trees. Many of the trees and plants in the Amazon produce about twenty percent of the oxygen on earth, and absorb carbon. However, the Amazon is decreasing in size every day due to the ongoing deforestation of the land. Deforestation is when the forest of the…
back to being what it was. Therefore, the amount of trees cut by deforestation is still greater than the amount of trees regrown by reforestation and thus effecting Amazon’s plant biodiversity. A prediction by the World Wildlife Organization states that by 2030, 55% of the Amazon’s Rainforest could vanish if current deforestation rates are maintained . Meaning half of its plant biodiversity could be gone by that time. Deforestation not only harms plant biodiversity it also harms the animals. Many…
750 different types of trees and 1,500 different species of plants. Devastatingly, this incredibly diverse kingdom is being destroyed everyday at the hands of men. Over 50,000 species of plants and animals have become extinct every year due to deforestation (Taylor).
There is no doubt that you, or someone you know, has been affected by a plant-derived medication found in the rainforests. For example, a plant called the periwinkle contains the basis of a special drug called Vincristine. Vincristine…
areas that have been selectively logged are eight times more likely to
be settled and cleared by shifting cultivators than untouched
rainforests because of access granted by logging roads. Logging is the
second largest cause of deforestation.
Many of the planet's rainforests lie over rich mineral deposits. The
mining process releases harmful toxins, like mercury and cyanide which
are often used in the gold extraction process, into local streams and
concerned with the rate of deforestation,
currently; 12 million hectares of forests are cleared annually. Almost
all of this deforestation occurs in the moist forests and open
woodlands of the tropics. At this amazing rate all tropical
rainforests could be lost completely by the year 2050. I can’t imagine
what the world would be like with no rainforests, can you?
Many people have different opinions about deforestation. Some people
believe that deforestation is bad and in the…
is the third major cause of deforestation. This type of agricultural is usually based on large land holdings by a few individuals or by the government. Cattle ranching, to produce cheaper beef for developed nations is often cited as a prime example of how this type of agriculture harms tropical rainforests. In literature provided at the 1998 International Educator’s Rainforest Workshop in Peru, the demand for beef was said to have accounted for 72% of the deforestation in Brazil in the 1970’s. …
to stop deforestation, and fast before the same occurrence happens to us.
Even though the rate of deforestation has grown, many developed nations have begun taking action towards its reversal. “On December 16, 2009, six rich nations, including the U.S., pledged $3.5 billion as a down payment on a much larger effort to “slow, halt, and eventually reverse” deforestation (“The Economist”).” This money was a first installment of the $25 billion needed between now and 2015 to cut deforestation by a quarter…
Administration (OSHA) (Theodore, Theodore, 1996).
If people do not move forward and realize the inherent dangers that large-scale deforestation has on our environment than there may be no hope for future generations. Although America has begun to place restrictions on various environmental issues such as logging and pollution much more needs to be done.
In today’s society environmentalists are lobbing even harder than ever before. Partially because of the legislative…
is brought upon every species in existence, including humanity. If humanity is to survive, it has to slow its population growth, and more specifically slow the cutting down of forests and the ruining of Earth?s ecosystems.
According to anti-deforestation activists, the destruction is so bad that a vast number of species will go extinct before they are ever found. This is extremely wasteful and impedes the advancement of humanity. Locked away in what?s left of the forests and jungles of the world…
The rate of deforestation is increasing and the tropical forests are falling at approximately 140,000 acres per day (Miller & Tangley 1991: xvi). The forests are crucial to the environment. They are important in minimizing erosion, providing a stable habitat for many animals, and helping to keep the environment clean. Deforestation has devastating effects, not only on the biological dependents within the depleted forests, but also on the surrounding human-populated communities.
machinery, such as bulldozers and trucks to transport the
logs to processing factories and for export so further land must be
cleared for this purpose as well.
Can the Goverment of Brazil solve this major Issue?
The causes of deforestation are very complex. A competitive global
economy drives the need for money to sustain economic growth. The
government sells land concessions to anyone who is willing to pay
them, to pay off international debt and to develop their industry…
The Brosimum Alicastrum Plan.
The Brosimum Alicastrum is a large rainforest tree native to tropical regions and known as the Maya Nut tree. The tree grows to 130 feet, grows naturally in rainforest soils, can produce an average of 400 pounds of 100% organic nuts a year and have more vital nutrients than foods grown on farmed soils. Other than being one of the largest and fastest growing trees of the rainforest it produces a fruit high in protein, calcium, fiber, iron and vitamins A, E, C, and B…
This is just as damaging to a forest as cutting down individual trees (NASA Facts). It is so damaging because to get the machinery into a forest they must cut down trees to form a pathway. By forming this pathway the trees in the way become useless because they were bulldozed out of the ground.
Population affects the land differently by the ways people use the lands. From
1990 to 2000 closed forests lost a lot of land. The closed forests worldwide lost 34.8 million hectares and other land cover…
Most rainforest life grows and
dwells in this layer. It is a tangled mass of vines, treetops, and
other plants, and rises about 100-130 feet above the floor. The
understorey rises about 50-80 feet, and it is made up of shrubs,
bushes, seedlings, and saplings. Because of a lack of light, the
forest floor is typically bare. Only some scattering of leaves,
decaying plant matter, and other small plants can be found on the
rainforest floor. (Lewis, 16).
Each layer of…
The plants present in the wetlands convert sunlight into plant material and produce oxygen as a byproduct. This production is an integral part of the interdependent system of a food web.
The benefits from wetlands are many and generally recognized to include: (1) ecosystem function (2) fish and shellfish habitat (3) waterfowl and other bird habitat (4) furbearer and other wildlife habitat (5) pollution filtration (6) sediment removal (7) heavy metal removal (8) oxygen production (9) nutrient production…
For example, the rate of destruction of the Amazonian
rainforest increased by 40% between 2001 and 2002. More than 25,000 sq
km were cleared in a year, mainly for farming. That represents an area
of land larger than Belgium. The Amazon is home to up to 30% of the
world's animal and plant life. Trees also convert carbon dioxide into
oxygen, thereby playing a major part in reducing pollution and
controlling climate change caused by excess greenhouse gases.
Some of the primary forest locations on the continent under pressure from deforestation include:
� Atlantic Rainforest (Brazil) ? Within this vibrant ecosystem are numerous rare plants, of which 70% are found no where else on Earth, and 20 primate species that are unique to this region as well. Wild relatives of the pineapple, cassava, sweet potato, and papaya are located here.
� Bolivar State (SE Venezuela) ? This region is filled with innumerable species of plants and…
fuel, medicines, building materials, and global climate stabilization (Bagheera, 1996,p.2). Due to the magnitude of tropical deforestation that has occurred, its potential affect on loss of biodiversity and alteration of world climate, this is arguably the most important global conservation issue today (Kricher, 1997).
Global warming and tropical deforestation have a symbiotic relationship, each being a causal factor for the breakdown of the other. For each hectare of forest that…
Deforestation is one of the many concerns of modern day economists when it comes to the world's developing countries. Wood counts as one of the primary resources available for construction and renewable energies. Today, we speculate the damage to forests through over-exploitation typically leads to the loss of long-term income. Economic growth and deforestation have a relationship in which follows a neoclassical growth model of maximizing potential output, eventually halting at a steady state. This…
All that is required is motivation and time; with these two objects, the world can work together to rebuild what used to be great forests and pave way for new forests to thrive. In the past decades, deforestation has plagued the world’s environment at an increasing rate, but, if humankind takes initiative and works together towards reversing these deadly effects, there is hope for a better future.
The first step to solving any problem is to find the source. In this situation, the culprits are miners…
Logging tropical hardwoods like teak,
mahogany, rosewood and other timber for furniture, building materials,
charcoal and other wood products is big business and creates big
profits. Several species of tropical hardwoods are imported by
developed counties, including America, just to build coffins which are
then buried or burned. The demand, extraction and consumption of
tropical hardwoods has been so massive that some countries which have
been traditional exporters of…
“Brazil and Indonesia, which contain the world’s two largest surviving regions of rainforest, are being stripped at an alarming rate by logging, fires, and land-clearing for agriculture and cattle-grazing.” Logging the rainforests for a cheaper non-domestic source of beef for food chains such as McDonalds is not fair for the wildlife that now has to relocate to somewhere else in the rainforest, and some of the older or weaker animals burn in the fires when they burn some parts of the rainforest…
Secondly, people could be informed on the benefits of non-timber uses. If the rainforest is left untouched, medicines, animal products, nuts, rubber, fruits, oils, and firewood made from naturally felled trees could all be harvested without causing any further harm to the virgin forest. Recent studies have shown that the value of non-timber forest products usually exceeds the value of timber in tropical forests (Revington). More than 25 percent Unfortunately, many people don?t see the need to sell…
Local land changes have left everlasting impacts on global commodities which contributes to the scrutiny of both the developing and developed nations. Although tea has fundamentally become one of the most sought after commodities not only here in North America; it has also sparked and gained a global desire as well. Conceived from the plant Camellia Sinensis and extracted from various countries throughout the world, we see the demand increasing by the day. This increase shows the importance and value…
· Leaving the forest for the tribes who have lived in the forest for
thousands of years.
One of the developments that have taken place in the Amazon is mining.
Large amounts of minerals such as iron ore, gold, copper, bauxite and
other minerals can be found in the grounds of the rainforest. People
in the developed counties buy these raw materials for many purposes
such as car manufacturing.
The mining helps people to improve their living standards as there are