but once one feels it, it seems problematic to let it go. Kao Kalia Yang wrote the memoir The Latehomecomer, which tells of the toils the Hmong people faced in their excursion from Laos to the United States. Yang uses the story of her parents to convey the sufferings of the Hmong people and their journey. Her parents make a fitting example of a typical Hmong family fighting to survive and find love in a time of war. Although Kao Kalia’s parents met in unfortunate circumstances and had no home to
My Family Message
I’ve never heard or witness my parents discriminating other cultural groups before. Although my parents’ wishes and wants my siblings and I to date and marry only Hmong indiduvals, the reason behind that, is because they want to be able to communicate with my siblings’ partner and mine. When my parents came to the United States, although they were treated well by others, they felt aliened because they weren’t able to communicate with other cultural groups because they didn’t speak
scientists believe that there are anywhere between six and seven million Hmong around the world. The Hmong never had a country that they could call their “home” country and to this day this is still the case. Until relatively modern times, the majority of the Hmong people resided in the mountains of Southern China, Laos, Thailand, and northern Vietnam. As an ethnic group, the Hmong are fascinating in this sense. Today there is a large Hmong population in the United States. However, unlike a majority of the
The history of the Hmong people is long and complicated, but that history is what makes the Hmong, Hmong. Throughout the existence of the Hmong, tradition has always been important and hundreds have died to protect the Hmong way. Traditions are taught to each new generation, and with these traditions came the believe that Hmong are free and you must never betray your own people because Hmong protect Hmong. This ideology has helped the Hmong survive persecution from surrounding peoples. The preservation
between the Hmong people and Walt; an American. Later I discuss the difference between the communication and friendship styles of both cultures. In order to do this study, the movie Grand Torino was watched and notes were recorded over the span of a week.
Cultural Diversity through Interpersonal Communication
Gran Torino, focuses on the relationship between Walt Kowalski, a retired Korean War veteran who has just lost his wife, and his neighbors, who are of the Hmong culture
Overcoming Barriers: Hmong Culture
For many Hmong people, immigrating to the United States of America is a large form of stress as it involves adapting to new cultures and new environments. In the documentary, the Split Horn, a Hmong shaman and his family immigrates to the United States to pursue a better life for themselves. The immense change from living in the countryside of Laos to moving to Wisconsin, America affects the family greatly. As the Hmong shaman tries to preserve his ancient traditions
Some of the Hmong beliefs are they prefer traditional medicine, are culturally active, host ritual ceremonies, and are spirituality influenced. In the book The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down, refers to the Hmong culture and their beliefs on medicine while their baby Lia Lee, is suffering from epilepsy in which they have a hard decision. Traditional Hmong’s have their own medicinal beliefs which they obey prior to obtaining Western medicine. The gulf between Western medicine and Hmong health beliefs
September 28 2014
Title: What is Hmong?
Specific Purpose: I will Educate the audience about the Hmong Culture and Who we are.
Thesis Statement: One of the least known cultures in this world is the Hmong culture and myself as a Hmong person the history and the culture has shaped to what we as Hmong people are today.
I. (Attention Getter): [write the word “Hmong” and ask the audience “whoever can pronounce this word right I’ll give them a dollar”}
Exploring Cultural Implications from the Hmong Perspective
Justin D. Hawker
Texas Christian University-Harris College of Nursing
Cultural implications were evaluated from the Hmong perspective, using the book “The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down.” The assessment was based on the Hmong people and followed the Geiger and Davidhizar’s transcultural assessment model. Five areas were focused on in particular from their model: Environmental Control, Social Organization
western medical practices and that of the Hmong culture. Both the physicians and Lia’s family are trying to do their best to improve Lia’s medical condition but the two cultures’ idea of treating her epilepsy contradict each others. Additionally, western medical culture and Hmong culture have different definitions for Lia’s illness. The western definition of her illness is epilepsy meaning a disruption of the electrical signals in the brain and the Hmong definition of epilepsy is soul exiting the
Hmong Involvement in the Vietnam War
Literature Review Outline
A. History of Hmong existence in America (Barr, 2005; Mote, 2004; Castle, 1993)
B. Hmong Values (Moore, 2003; Moua, 1995)
C. Conflicts between Hmong culture and American culture (Moua, 1995)
A. History of Hmong existence in America
1. Secret Vietnam War in Laos (Barr, 2005; Castle, 1993; Murphy 1997)
2. Communists persecute Hmong in Laos (Castle, 1993; Barr, 2005)
B. Hmong Values
7. In matters of attitude, what might the average American doctor learn from a Hmong txiv neeb (shaman)? What might the txiv neeb learn from the doctor?
According to the Hmong culture a shaman helps to cure the soul. A doctor cures biological problems. As we learn throughout this class there is a difference between an illness and a disease. An illness or a disease may have the absence of the other. In most cases an illness can be present without a disease. In the case of Lia there was a presence
The Secret War and how it affected the Hmong people.
At the end of my speech, my audience will get a better sense of what the Secret War was and how it affected the Hmong people.
Just by the name itself, it can already be implied to what the “Secret War” was. It was a war that was kept as a secret from the public, and by public, I mean the American public. Many of you may wonder what exactly is the secret war, and I will explain that throughout my speech. But
The Hmong are a group of people who originally lived in the mountains overlooking Laos, China, Vietnam, and Thailand-- though most have since emigrated to other countries and areas due to political conflict. They have valued self-sufficiency and resisted authority throughout history, as they have constantly been the minority and often seen as the Other and persecuted for being such. Still, many have managed to survive and preserve much of their culture, such as religious beliefs and shamanic healing
The Hmong people are well known for their survival antics from their silent war with China and their migration from the Vietnam War. Hmong is a term many have never even heard of but their culture it is known as "free people." Hmong textiles has survived just like their whole culture. The attractive handcrafted designs have been in their history for over two centuries, and their embroideries are popular among the Asian countries as well as the United States. Hmong textiles includes a variety of embroideries
villagers were living; these people were known as Hmong. Without much knowledge of the location, and with the guerilla warfare used by the Vietcong, the CIA recruited the Hmongs to help counter the Vietcong and to block off the Ho Chi Minh Trail, this war was known as the Secret War. This caused the war to eventually be pushed into Laos which was a neutral nation at the time. In return, the U.S promised to provide supply and support; however the Hmong were simply fighting for their freedom to live peacefully
hospital but it did not make thing between the Lee family and the hospital any easier. There was many issues between Lia’s family and the Merced hospital staff. Many of these issues steamed from many different areas of things. Between the Lee’s a Hmong family and the American doctors at Merced Hospital there were several cultural differences on what both parties wanted. Cultural difference was not the only thing they did not see eye to eye on there was also a huge language barrier between the Lee
power ways. The Hmong culture demonstrates how important folkways are and how each folkway helps to develop the community’s culture.
The Hmong are a group of people who have been around for many years. According to McCall, “the Hmong people originally lived in central Siberia and then migrated to northern China as early as 2500 B.C”(McCall 1). During their duration in China, they experienced war and decided to escape to Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Many people from the Hmong nation still reside
conditions got even worse. My father and many other Hmongs in Laos were in great danger of the communist armies.
In 1961 as the Communist North Vietnamese advanced into South Vietnam. The communist Laos party allied with North Vietnam in the act of spreading communism. Full war raged and many Americans lost their lives. The United States reached out to the Hmongs in Laos to help fight against the spread of communism. They recruited the Hmongs providing them military training and weapons for guerrilla
traditional Hmong live a horticultural society they depend on domesticated plants, they are well-adapted on soils of the tropical rain forests and poor soil places which are unsuitable for intense agriculture. Prehistoric Hmong are thought to have moved from Eurasia and made a few stops at Siberia. As their custom they settled in the highlands (mountains) from Vietnam and Laos and later in Thailand. They inherited the name “Miao”, from living in the mountains. Today Five million Hmong reside in China
“In the Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down”, Anne Fadiman explores the subject of cross cultural misunderstanding. This she effectively portrays using Lia, a Hmong, her medical history, the misunderstandings created by obstacles of communication, the religious background, the battle with modernized medical science and cultural anachronisms. Handling an epileptic child, in a strange land in a manner very unlike the shamanistic animism they were accustomed to, generated many problems for her parents
Effects of Afterschool on Minorities:
High School Hmong Students in California
Afterschool programs across the country would not exist without grants funded by state or federal institutions. The ultimate goal of afterschool programs should be to bridge student achievement gaps, both academically and socially. Minority groups, such as Hispanic and African American students, often experience an achievement gap greater than that of majority groups. Hmong students in California’s Central Valley experience
Bureau (2012), found that between 2006 through 2010, 14% of Hmong had their bachelor’s degree or higher. It was also noted that they “were below the national level of 28 percent” (2012, p. 5). Which is why it’s important to stress the importance of pursuing a higher education for Hmong high school students.
However, academic barriers Hmong high school students face when planning their postsecondary plans, are financial hardships. Hmong students who participated in Lor’s research shared that “their
Hmong families, like the Lees in the novel “The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down” have been immigrating to the United States since the end of the Vietnam War. The majority of the Hmong living in the U.S. are now located in specific cities and regions of California, Minnesota, and Wisconsin (Lee and Green 2010). The Lee family moved to the Merced, California in 1980 and has had to adapt to life in a new host country (Fadiman 1997). Acculturation is used to describe how the culture of immigrants
The Hmong Culture: Influences in a European American Society
The Hmong people do not call any one country home, but have relocated several times throughout history due to war and political oppression. An article published in the Journal of Multicultural counseling and Development finds that the Hmong primarily lived in Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand. They had a great impact in helping western forces during the Vietnam War, and wars in Laos in efforts to end Communism. The article continues and describes
Fadiman presents us the story of how a Hmong girl suffering from severe epilepsy brought to light what happens when the American medical community fails to see patients as people whose cultural background is completely different from their own.
The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down tells the story of Lia Lee. Lia was barely three months old when she had her first epileptic seizure. Born into a large family, her parents, Nao Kao and Foua Lee, were Hmong refugees from Laos who didn 't speak a word
‘The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures’ is a book written in 1997 by the author Anne Fadiman. This book is based on a true story of the life of a Hmong child, Lia Lee who is epileptic. She suffers from numerous grand mal seizures and eventually she becomes vegetative for the remainder of her life. The intention of this book, however, is not Lia’s condition, but to highlight the problems that exist between the two cultures
about the cultural group known as the Hmong, there are several anthropological concepts that can be found due to differences in culture and lack of understanding between the Hmong and the Americans. Two concepts that are prevalent throughout are medical anthropology and ethnomedcine. For example, Lia’s mother, Foua, was restricted to specific foods because of her culture, which were criticized by the medical staff which shows the dissonance between American and Hmong culture. This is a perfect example
The Hmong population of Merced, California addresses the collision between Western medicine and holistic healing traditions of the Hmong immigrants, which plays out a common dilemma in western medical centers: the need to integrate modern western medicinal remedies with aspects of cultural that are good for the well-being of the patient, and the belief of the patient’s ability to recuperate. What we see is a clash, or lack of integration in the example of the story thereof. Lia, a Hmong child
non-fiction book, The Spirit Catches you and you Fall Down, the early Hmong settlers of California are observed to have certain issues with Western Medicine, resulting in a conflicted relationship between the Hmong community and the Merced Medical Center Merced (MCMC). Fadiman begins with introducing and explaining the Hmong culture and how their lifestyle differs from the West. Then, the story starts focusing around Lia, a Hmong baby born with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, a severe form of epilepsy. From
The Hmong Culture
The Hmong Culture of South Asia is a very interesting ethnic group. Between 300,000 to 600,000 Hmong live in Southeast Asian countries, such as Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar. About 8 million more live in the southern provinces of China. Since the Vietnam War ended in 1975, Hmong refugees from Southeast Asia have settled in Australia, France, Canada, and the United States. The largest Hmong refugee community lives in the United States with a population of about 110
misunderstandings. A Hmong girl’s life was forever changed because of these misunderstandings and some things could have easily been avoided, had each side taken the time to better understand the other.
The intercultural misunderstandings start at birth. When a child is born, Hmong women want their placenta, so that they may bury it. In Laos, this is perfectly normal, but in the United States, most doctors find this strange. Since this is not something regularly practiced in the U.S., when a Hmong woman asks
Hmong Culture - Food, Eating and Cooking
Diverse Cultures in America - Soc 240
Upper Iowa University
The Hmong people are originally from rural mountainous areas in Laos and they still inhabit that country to this day. Laos is a country that is located in Southeast Asia. Hmong people are divided into clans or tribes that share the same paternal ancestry. The Hmong people inhabited all parts of Laos but all carried pretty much the same cultures and livelihood with them as many immigrated to
With the centrality of the family in Hmong culture, having sons or a son is very important as they are the ones who will take on the last name and lead the future generation of the family (Cha, 2010). Cha states, “The clannish nature of Hmong society favors a son. A family that does not have a son is viewed as a burden to the clan and community, because such a family will not contribute much to the community,” (p. 24). In the culture, the son(s) will take care of the parents as the daughter will
objective when demonstrating how cross-cultural misunderstandings create issues in the healthcare field, specifically between the Hmong and western cultures that created dire consequences between the Lee’s and their American doctors. Faidman uses her connections with the Hmong and the doctors who cared for them in order to disclose the different views, beliefs and practices the Hmong and Western cultures practiced. With her attempt to be culturally relative to the situation, Faidman discusses the series
Running Head: Hmong cultural medical differences western medicine
Hmong cultural medical differences western medicine
Hmong cultural medical differences western medicine
Hmong is a racial group of people in a number of countries. According to some researchers, they came from a place in China called Yellow Basin. The term Miao is commonly used to refer the Hmong people in China. A debate exists between different people for calling the Hmong of West by this term, but the Hmong living in China still
1. What do you think of traditional Hmong birth practices (pp. 3-5)? Compare them to the techniques used when Lia was born (p. 7). How do Hmong and American birth practices differ?
I find the traditional birth practices peculiar and very unsafe. The conceiving of a child should be done in a sterile environment by professionals, so that the risks of negative effects like infections, wounds, etc. is minimized. Nevertheless I think the tradition, that the placenta is buried
“It was the last time I would see them for 14 years.” Uong, who is a Vietnamese refugee, fled his home at the age of 10—being separated from his family for 14 years (Uong). Being a refugee is rough as it requires one to leave his home country and to start a new life in a completely different world. According to Yen Le Espiritu, a "refugee" is described as a person who harbors "a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group
Academic Barriers Hmong High School Students Face in the United States
The Hmong, an Asian ethnic group, came from an oral culture, where they did not have any written form until the 1950s (McCall, 1999). The Hmong lived an agricultural lifestyle in the hill and mountain areas in Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand (McCall, 1999; Tatman, 2004). They focused on physical labor to provide food for the family and lacked formal education, as it was not essential (Lee & Green, 2008; McCall, 1999)
Asia, the Hmong language has an ample number of speakers, however the distance between the communities has prevented the widespread use of the language and has also created several distinct dialects. In order to prevent this language from unnecessarily going extinct, moving forward with preventative preservation measures, specifically in regards to education, is imperative. Such measures may include immersion schools, computer programs, and bilingual education.
Background and History
Hmong is a minority
diversities, schedule longer appointments, clarify limitations, and identify alternatives offered (Cash & Glass, 2014).
The Lees, a Hmong family, came to the United States in the 1970s as refugees from Laos, and lived in Merced, California. Unlike most immigrants, the Hmong population was less amenable to assimilation. The traditional health beliefs and practices of the Hmong population were disputed by the practices of Western medicine. This became very event when the Lees took their three-month-old
My family immigrated to the United States in the late 1970s, as Hmong refugees after the secret war with the Pathet Laos. My family originally settled in San Diego, California for several years before they decided to move to Fresno, California. When my parents came to Fresno they were receiving welfare and attending adult school. My father noticed that their friends and relatives were earning more money working in the fields than going to school. My parents dropped out of adult school and started
Catches You and You Fall Down is a book by Anne Fadiman about a Hmong family (the Lee’s) that moved to the United States. It deals with their child Lia, her American doctors, and the collisions of those two cultures. In Fadiman’s unbiased book I learned that there are many cultural differences between Hmong and Americans concerning opinions, stubbornness, and misunderstandings.
To begin with, a cultural difference between Hmong and Americans are their opinions about Lia’s medical condition
The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down - Summary and Reading Log
Chapter 1 - Birth
Chapter 1 goes through the traditional birthing methods and traditions of the Hmong people. One of the most significant traditions is burying the placenta. The placenta has to be strategically buried in a specific spot under the homes dirt floor or when the person dies its soul has to travel back to the placenta. This chapter also introduces the characters Nao Kao and Foua Lee. Nao is husband and father of 13
study of cross cultural medicine holds a significant value in all profession. The book chronicles the vast cultural differences between mainstream Americans and the Hmong, and how language and cultural barriers affected Lia 's treatment. To understand the Lees we really need to understand the Hmong culture.
Personally, as a Hmong American, I have always felt caught between two worlds trying to figure out where I stand in my own beliefs about the Hmong’s concept of illness and spiritual healing
a persistent vegetative state. I was very excited when I first started the book, but I soon became rather depressed with the lack of compassion of people towards the Hmong in general throughout the book. I am not certain whether I am now more culturally aware now, but I was very frustrated by the lack of respect given to the Hmong by the people in the city of Merced and
the doctors and nurses comments about the Lees.
Three Major Themes Evident in the Book:
A: Cultural Understanding
ANT 228 ASSIGNMENT
By: Lindsey Swarvar
The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, her American Dreams, and the Collision of Two Cultures by Anne Fadiman
Section 1: Multiple Choice Questions
Question 1: Chapters 1 and 2
Why do the Hmong people keep and bury the placenta after a baby is born?
a. They wanted to save it for a later time so if the baby gets sick they can feed it to them to make them well again.
b. They the placenta will collect the babies’ soul prior to traveling on
antibacterial wipes, bandages and ice cream, what if the child is not better, but actually worse? That is what happens when you compare the medical practices of the Hmong to the medical practices of the Americans, both cultures believe that the others will cause more damage than good in respect to healing the soul and body.
For the Hmong, there is a whole world out there, with amazing techniques, yet sometimes the simplest questions like the choice between life and death create extreme conflict. Anne
combination of removing colonialism and regaining a sense of nationalism, in addition, putting working class people back into a larger state of power is the reason why socialism and communism attracted many of those colonial countries.
Paper 2: Hmong and Khmer
The Hmong and Khmer people could be the most distinct when it comes to the four groups that professor Culliane lectured about. To start, it was estimated that during the 1960s, the Khmer had about 5.5 million people living in Cambodia which made up
My worldview reflects who I am a Hmong woman, but most importantly my assumptions and beliefs in how I view and interpret the world around me. As previously discussed, the underlining foundation of my worldview lies within the nature of relationships formation, early childhood relationships, affect, and instilment of hope. As such, my theoretical orientation draws on these foundations to conceptualize and work with clients. I view psychotherapy as a process of uncovering