Intellectual Disabilities Essay

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    Intellectual Disabilities

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    Intellectual disability is becoming more common in today’s society. According to the literature, Down syndrome (DS) is the leading cause, with an incidence rate of 1 in every 700 live births. 5,500 newborns are affected each year in the United States (Abbeduto, Warren, & Conners, 2007; Roberts, Price, & Malkin, 2007). The most common etiology of DS is Trisomy 21, which accounts for 98% of cases. Trisomy 21 is where the individual is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21 (Roberts, Price, &

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    Intellectual Disabilities

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    According to the website for the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, IDD is defined as: intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations, both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. Furthermore, there are three major criteria for intellectual disability: significant limitations in intellectual functions, significant limitations in adaptive behavior, and onset

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    million people are identified as having an intellectual disability and 25 to 33 % children are born with mental disabilities. Resch J, Benz M, Elliott T. (2012). Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. In order to determine if a child has intellectual disabilities the child will take a series of test

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    Intellectual Disability (ID)- There are various types of standardized psychological test that are used to assess intellectual disability. IQ test are designed to measure different mental abilities. “Reasoning, problem solving, abstract thinking, judgment, academic learning, and experiential learning are used to measure mental abilities” (counseling services). The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), Woodcock-Johnson III Normative Update Tests of Cognitive Abilities

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    There are many stereotypes regarding those with intellectual disabilities. This may be because these individuals range in cognitive ability, receptive and expressive language, and physical need. While it may be assumed that those with disabilities are not able to process the world around them, they are not immune to mental health disorders and the, sometimes tragic, events that take place throughout a lifetime. Someone without an intellectual disability may find solace in a friend, partner, or family

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    Intellectual disability is a disability described as a significant limitation in both academic performance and in use to behavior, which characterize many daily social and useful skills. This disability starts off earlier than the age of 18. An intellectual disability is usually seen as occurring if the problem has existed during childhood, rather than happening later in life. People with developmental disabilities shows difficult behavior, that is, a capacity or how long of that the physical safety

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    Characteristics of intellectual disability. Research considers limitations in cognitive functioning and limitations in adaptive behavior the major traits of intellectual disability (Heward, 2009; Parmenter, 2011). Limitations in cognitive functioning refer to difficulties to memorize and recall, learn complex concepts, and generalize new skills (Heward, 2009). Other limitations include short attention span, low self-esteem, lack of self-determination (Wehmeyer, 2014), and learned helplessness (Heward

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    How has the label of “Mental Retardation” been used to discriminate against people and do you think the term, "Intellectual Disability" would have a different connotation? Society has a different intake in everything, as individual we are expected to do certain things, live certain way, and be certain way. Occasionally, when we fail to live to these expectations we are often excluded from certain groups and may not regarded as typical human beings. The term “Mental Retardation” might be the perfect

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    when overcoming certain challenges and obstacles in their lives. Jo began explaining what it was like having a child with an intellectual disability from early on. When Jody was born, Jo and his wife were given to option of whether or not they wanted to keep him. During this time, it was something that was not uncommon for parents with children that were born with a disability to be asked. Several of these parents had the choice of whether or not to keep and raise their children or the child could

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    chosen for this presentation was Intellectual Disabilities. Once referred to as intellectual retardation, is characterized by using beneath-average intelligence or intellectual ability and a loss of abilities necessary for everyday residing. People with intellectual disabilities can and do examine new competencies, however they learn them greater slowly. There are various stages of highbrow incapacity, from moderate to profound. Symptoms of Intellectual Disabilities are learning and growing extra

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