When he mentions
flowers and the moon, he can only imagine them and cannot see them.
While Keats attempted to portray his connection with the immortality
of music in "Ode to a Nightingale", "Ode on a Grecian Urn" explained
his relationship with the static nature of sculpture. Embedded in the
urn is an image of revelry and the sexual pursuit, a piper and a lover
He describes it as a bride, a
foster-child, a historian. All these personifications are links of the
actions related to those roles which Keats assigns to the urn. Keats
crafts iambic pentameter to imitate his meaning in the first two lines
of the stanza. The overall meter is iambic pentameter, but subtle
variations in it produce a different emotional effect for the reader.
Keats's first line ends with two unstressed or weak syllables instead
of the iamb (the "etness" of "quietness"), with…
stanza, the poet is jealous of the joy the images on the urn seem to have. He thinks of the time he will pass away, and the urn will live forever frozen in time. When the fantasy world of imagination fades away the reality of life will remain the same. He then becomes depressed by his thoughts of facing reality that he had to return from the urn.
However, in stanza four, the poet takes a look at another picture that is on the side of the urn. How isolated the poet felt to give up on the goals that…
In this case, the visionary action is the poet slowly lapsing into the nightingale's world, opening his senses to the true nature of the bird while other "men sit and hear each other groan" (Norton 1845). This state of semiconsciousness allows for his understanding that, although it is mid-May,
the bird "singest of summer in full-throated ease" (Norton 1845). The nightingale, whose song so perfectly embodies a particular season that the poet is unable to be mistaken about it's meaning, expresses…
Each of "Grecian Urn"'s five stanzas is ten
lines long, metered in a relatively precise iambic pentameter, and divided
into a two part rhyme scheme, the last three lines of which are variable. The
first seven lines of each stanza follow an ABABCDE rhyme scheme, but the
second occurrences of the CDE sounds do not follow the same order. In
stanza one, lines seven through ten are rhymed DCE; in stanza two, CED;
in stanzas three and four, CDE; and in stanza five, DCE, just as in stanza…
the inspiration of a nature scene.
Keats, on the other hand, uses the “Ode on a Grecian Urn” to express his perspective on art by examining the characters on the urn from either an ideal or realistic perspective. In the beginning, Keats asks questions regarding the “mad pursuit” (9, p.1847) of the people on the Grecian urn. As the Grecian urn exists outside of time, Keats creates a paradox for the human figures on the urn because they do not confront aging but neither experience time; Keats then…
connect to the
physical beauty of the Grecian urn? Webster defines truth as "Conformity to fact
or reality; exact accordance with that which is, or has been; or shall be.";
another description, more Romantic and fitting to Keats, is Bertrand Russell's:
"Truth is a shining goddess, always veiled, always distant, never wholly
approachable, but worthy of all the devotion of which the human spirit is
capable.". Keats is essentially saying through the urn that truth, the
conforming to facts…
Perhaps he uses this to tell us how the urn has been adopted to tell us a story of Greek times. Or perhaps even more simply, who were its original parents? The phrase "Now he belongs to the ages," comes to mind here. The words, "slow time" seems so exact in describing the urn. After all, the urn is matter and is no more immortal then man. Time may not stand still for it; however, as with anything immortal, time shall move slower. Keats speaks of the urn as a "sylvan historian who canst thus express…
use of imagery of the senses is effective here. For I consider poetry to be more musical in nature than literary text. The speaker claims to be hearing melodies emanating from the urn, which for me the sound transmission from the urn correlates to the finite aspects of fleeting love. While the nature of art of the urn seems to me to represent the exquisiteness and infinity of the universe. Indeed, the sounds of silence from art is akin to vastness of space and time. “She cannot fade, though, thou…
beauty of the urn; there appear to be many unanswered questions regarding the stories which are told within the art work and Keats is intrigued to unravel the secrets which it holds. The questions simultaneously increase the ambiguity of the urn and create Keats’ aesthetic vision of the object within the reader. Pope comments that the aesthetic is ‘an aversion to the ordinary and ugly’; Keats’ repeated questions enhance the reader’s belief that there is nothing simple or plain about the urn, with: “What…
Keats makes use of time and motion with the word “still.” Although the urn exists in the real world, which is subject to change and time, the urn and the life that it represents are unchanging. Hence, the bride is “unravish’d” and as a “foster” child, the urn is touched by “slow time,” not the time of the real world. Because the urn is a thing, and the figures are carved on the urn, it is not bind by time; therefore, the urn may be changed or affected over “over slow time.”
According to author…
and bare” (14, 13). In “Ode to a Grecian Urn”, the connotations of the words that Keats uses are completely opposite. Keats even describes the urn as being able to tell “A flowery tale more sweetly than [their] rhyme” (4). Keats then goes on to state that the melodies “unheard/ Are sweeter; therefore, ye soft pipes, play on” (11-12). These lines are so light and pretty especially compared to the harshness of Shelley’s poem. Keats describes the beautiful pictures on the urn throughout the rest of the…
The importance of the flowers (whose beauty explains their existence) parallels the importance of pleasure for pleasure's sake emphasized in lines seven and eight: "kisses are a better fate than wisdom." Lines 10-11,"The best gesture of my brain is less than your eyelids' flutter," lend importance to the uncontrolled, pristine expressiveness of the body (contained in an "eyelids' flutter") which over-shadows the contrived, socially conventional action connotated by "gesture." Furthermore, the anatomically…
"primitive and untrammeled" (Revolution 657). Shelley fills the third section of "Ode to the West Wind" with images of innocence and serenity. Descriptions of "azure moss and flowers," "sea-blooms," and "oozy woods" dominate this part of the poem.
The fifth section also expresses Shelley's belief that the quest for beauty is important. At the beginning of the fifth section, Shelley conjures the wind to "make me thy lyre" (Ode 815). The lyre is one of few instruments which existed in the seventeenth…
seems to be. Autumn, as a transition from summer to winter, is a barrier “between growth and decay”. The end of the day is described as “the soft-dying day” (l. 25) and it is not certain whether the “light wind lives or dies” (l. 29).
In “Ode to the West Wind”, the destroying side of autumn is voiced. The west wind is a powerful being, it rules even the ocean:
For whose path the Atlantic’s level powers
Cleave themselves into chasms, (ll. 36-38)
It isn't odd…
spread the dead leaves and this enables the seeds to spread and begin life anew. In this double role of “Destroyer and preserver';(l.14) the force and effect of the wind is experienced. As a creative force the wind inspires Shelley to write this Ode and the breath of the Autumn…
Keats seems to respect art because of its
complexity and power shown by the fact that a picture is better than
thousand words as “heard melodies are sweeter, but those unheard
sweeter” (Ode on a Grecian Urn). Art, according to Keats, can be also
very helpful by giving us foresightedness and a new perspective so we
can look at the worlds with “eagle eyes” just like “ Cortez…star’d at
the Pacific” (On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer) Moreover, art
itself can act as a…
(Milnes, 163) That friend turned out to be Charles Brown. During his period of greatest productivity, approaching the early spring of 1819, Keats began what later would be coined his four Great Odes, arguably the “greatest short poems in Romantic Literature” (Hilton, 102). Brown describes one of these odes, Ode to a Nightingale in the following commentary on its origination:
“In the spring of 1819 a nightingale had built her nest near my house. Keats felt a tranquil and continual joy in her song;…
These verbs are found in line five, seven
and eight of stanza one. There are such as 'to bend', 'to swell' and
'to set budding'. The use of verbs in this early part of this poem is
effective in creating a sense of motion and it makes the reader think
deeply about he kind of autumn that the poet is describing.
Finally, in the first stanza, the poet uses repetition to also convey
and image of plenty. The expression "to set budding more and still
more" shows that there…
We only know that Shelley cries out, "Destroyer and preserver: hear, oh, hear!" (14)
The second stanza shifts emphasis to another image, not the dead leaves of autumn and the "wingèd seeds" that will germinate in the spring, but the roiling autumn clouds that promise storm and rain. This image is less complex than the wind that drives the leaves and seeds, because little is evoked except for the terrific power of the wind. It shakes the clouds "from the tangled boughs of Heaven and Ocean" (17)…
evolved with his maturation. The speaker rationalizes his development but does not understand it fully, he recognizes his loss of sight but is unable to do anything about it. His blindness is inevitable. The fourth stanza concludes with the climax of the Ode.
Whither is fled the visionary gleam?
Where is it now, the glory and the dream?
The first four stanzas express the joy of childhood and reveal the sense loss he feels when he can no longer experience the celestial light, while the remaining…
tuberculosis. He suffered a hemorrhage of his lungs but recovered. It was during this time period, near the end of his life, that Keats created some of his best poetry which put him among the great English poets. He wrote, "Ode to Psyche," "Ode to Melancholy," "Ode on a Grecian Urn," "Ode on Indolence," "The Eve of St. Agnes," "Lamia," and what is considered by many to be his most perfect poem, "To Autumn" (Nylander). By 1820, Keats moved in with his friend, Leigh Hunt, after suffering a hemorrhage…
Keats identifies the three shadows in the third stanza labeling them as love, who was a maid, ambition, pale and watchful and the last of the three shadows being poesy, which the speaker identifies as his demon as well as his love. He also identifies them as maidens, each mild in their own way.
Halfway through the poem, the readers are shown three things that the speaker considers to be his maidens. He shows his love individually for each of them as well as his dislike that they are there to take…
The poet describes the cat as having a round face, a white beard, dark ears, and green eyes (lines 9-11).
In this stanza we also see signs of rhyme scheme. The pattern in this stanza would be A, A, B, C, C,B. The
rhymes are the seventh and eighth line (declar'd and beard), the ninth and twelfth line (paws and applause),
and the tenth and eleventh line (vies and eyes).
The third stanza the author is describing the two gold fish. They are described as to be the "richest purple"…
and this reinforces the idea that an
occasional melancholic state is necessary for the effects of happiness
to be recognised and appreciated. Keats advises us to “glut” sorrow,
meaning to gorge or to experience to the fullest.
Similarly, in ‘Ode to a Nightingale’ a major concern is Keats’
perception of the conflicted nature of human life. The poet falls into
a reverie whilst listening to the nightingale sing whereby he feels
joy and pain. In the beginning the bird is presented as a real…
lad but he had a very vivid imagination as seen in the poem ‘Cloud’. Shelley was fed up of the rules and norms that society imposed upon an individual. He wanted to bring about change in the social systems by the medium of his works and his poem ‘ Ode to the West Wind’ the calls upon the wind to help him in his endeavors. Due to his rebellious nature Shelley was also expelled from Oxford University. At the time of writing his poem Shelley had gone through a lot of trauma which he couldn’t get over…
Shakespeare writes of Brutus's constant pangs of regret after he joined the conspiracy and after he took part in Caesar's assassination. "[Brutus] was the noblest Roman of them all: all the conspirators save only he did that they did in envy of great Caesar." (Shakespeare 5.5.69-71). Overall, Plutarch's tone about Brutus is opposite of Julius Caesar compared to Shakespeare's passionate tone about Brutus's honor and love for Rome.
Another difference between Plutarch's text and Julius Caesar, other…
The women were reported as performing "weird fantastic things, what miracles and more than miracles" while under Dionysus' influence (665-66). Each one of those different mystical acts they performed represented a different aspect of Dionysus' divinity. The women struck the ground and wine sprang forth for them to drink, they tore live cattle limb from limb, and flew among other things. The wine was representative of Dionysus' gift of wine to mortals. The animals were a reminder of Dionysus' love…
Shelley was bringing “…his two countries closer together with the structure of a poem.”(Shmoop Editorial Team) It could also be argued that Shelley was using the terza rima to emulate Dante since he was one the great writers of that time. Although these are very plausible thoughts on what this structure could mean, we still may never know what exactly was meant by it.
After a first read of the poem many literary techniques that Shelley used to catch the eye of the reader. The imagery that is used…
Here, Keats seems to like the
idea of dying. As this seems dreamlike, it adds to the reflection in
the poem, and the subtle sounds of “soft” and “quiet” add to this
dreamlike, reflective quality. This incredibly idealistic view perhaps
hides Keats’ true feelings in an attempt to reduce his fear of death,
a method which, to me, seems quite a natural way to deal with
Along with death, the nightingale also seems to represent Keats’
imagination. At the start of the poem, he…
(Roman Achievements.com) The empire was so large that there are many cities today that were founded by the Romans. London, the capital of the United Kingdom was founded by the Romans, it was originally named Londinium. Cologne, Germany was founded by the Romans as well, and named Colonia Agrippina. The Romans also achieved world fame with their incredible army. Soldiers served until sixty years of age, and for their service upon retiring, they were granted land as payment. (Encounters in World History…
All theses characteristics express the impression that the wind is an absolute and free power, which influences everything around it.
Seeing the mighty influence of the wind on nature, appeals to his very own spirit so that he can also influence and change things around him. He wants to be able to influence the world with his power such as the wind does for nature. So he calls to the wild wind to help him as if praying to it, he says: "Drive my dead thoughts over the universe like withered leaves…
will never reach his beloved, his beloved will never fade and “for ever wilt thou love”.
In the third stanza, Keats repeats the word happy six times and “for ever” five times. The purpose of this is to exaggerate his message of timeless beauty. The urn will forever show the same scene of the trees in full bloom, never to “bid the Spring adieu”. “More happy love! More happy, happy love!”; describing the love of the young couple, Keats says that they will be “for ever warm”, “for ever panting”, and…
He expresses that with the phrase:
And with thee fade away into the forest dim (20) Keats explained that he had
wanted to wander off into the forest so no one would’ve had to be bothered by
In paragraph four, Keats had spoken to the Nightingale and told it to
go off and leave him alone because he already had known that death was
coming and didn’t want to be reminded of his sad fate. Keats went on to say: I
cannot see what flowers are at my feet, Nor what soft incense hangs upon the
and Renaissance times, are rich in imagery and phrasing. The volume also contains the unfinished poem "Hyperion," containing some of Keats's finest work, and three poems considered among the finest in the English language, "Ode to a Grecian Urn," "Ode on Melancholy," and "Ode to a Nightingale."
In the fall of 1820, under his doctor's orders to seek a warm climate for the winter, Keats went to Rome. He died there February 23, 1821, and was buried in the Protestant cemetery. Some of his best-known…
The "leaves dead" are the dead leaves of a tree being blown about by the wind, however, they could also be the leaves of a book and a reference to Shelley's fear of his diminishing talent and unread work. Shelley goes on to liken the dead leaves to "ghosts from an enchanter fleeing", clearly building up the sense of death and life after death brought by the west wind. The phrase also emphasises the supernatural power of the west wind.
It is possible that Shelley viewed those killed in the Peterloo…
The nightingale never has to face the aging process and loss of loved ones. Here, Keats explains in detail the facets of reality that emotionally distress him:
The weariness, the fever, and the fret
Here, where men sit and hear each other groan;
where palsy shakes a few, sad, last gray hairs,
where youth grows pale, and spectre thin, and dies; (L 23-26)
Fortunately, it seems that the drug-like effect of the nightingale's song relieves him of these sorrows.
for a while. Soon after he stopped writing he began writing several odes in hopes to earn money. Some of the poems he wrote during this time were ode to a Grecian urn and Ode to autumn. (Cook). In February of 1820, John began showing signs of tuberculosis which took his life. John Keats died thinking that he was a failure as a writer, but shortly afterwards he died he was sent for the neglected genius. “To Autumn” or better known “Ode to Autumn” was considered to have achieved a great degree of imagery…
Away! For I will fly to thee,
Not charioted by Bacchus and his pards,
But on the viewless wings of Poesy."
He adds to this, as he wants to escape with the Nightingale.
Comparing this with "Two Look at Two" Keats rather imagines and let
the character fly away like in a dream, but in "Two Look at Two" Frost
uses personification to make the "doe" and the "buck" acts like a
person, and although they don't actually talk, Frost adds some sort of
thinking and speech for them from him. This…
The Romantic View of Art
The Platonic-Romantic aspect of Dedalus' esthetic philosophy is apparent in his reference to Plato, whose idea of beauty and truth as translated by Dedalus, sounds much like the famous last lines of Keats's "Ode on a Grecian Urn": "'Beauty is truth, truth beauty,'&emdash;that is all/ Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know." Dedalus says of Plato, "'Plato, I believe, said that beauty is the splendour of truth'" (208). Plato's own philosophy held tightly to the notion…
Aside from description, key words can be used to help feel emotion and build suspense. By looking at this, the reader is able to see the transition of the cat from feeling happy and calm to scared for its life. In the second stanza, as the cat watches the gold fish she "purr'd applause"(12). However, this happiness soon turns to fear. The second to last stanza of the poem reads as follows, "Eight times emerging from the flood"(31). The word eight in this sense is playing off the saying that cats…
This poem is the model to go by when looking to get something from another. All this goes back to sentence structure, because as the speaker inches closer to revealing what he wants, he starts breaking up his sentences more, portraying a slight nervousness about his request. There are no more one sentence cantos, there are six and eight sentence ones because the speaker has exhausted all of his flattery and has to come clean about his intentions.
As a whole, this poem is not a sonnet. Broken down…
In other words, life is not something formal and organized and part of a larger composition; it is all we have (Heyen 87). Thus, the woman should follow her emotions in order to make the most of this ephemeral life. For Cummings, an emphasis on the spiritual and holy aspects of nature, along with puns and the unorthodox use of words, contribute to the desired ambiguity of the poem. These frequent contradictions to the English language allow semantic units to overpass any grammatical setting that…
He wants to disappear, yet he wants to bring the bird with him. So the reader can interpret that the poet is in despair, yet in his want of accompaniment with the bird, we can see hope for the poet's psyche. His mental state is shown further where he reflects: "Where but to think is to be full of sorrow" (3.7). He says much in this line about the burden of being a thinking human. The mind is a gift but when burdened with sorrow, you cannot escape it. He cannot help to think, hence his withdrawal…
Later poems, such as “Ode: Intimations of Immortality” (1807), imagine nature as the source of the inspiring material that nourishes the active, creative mind.
The Splendor of Childhood
In Wordsworth’s poetry, childhood is a magical, magnificent time of innocence. Children form an intense bond with nature, so much so that they appear to be a part of the natural world, rather than a part of the human, social world. Their relationship to nature is passionate and extreme: children feel joy at seeing…
the two, we also might better understand Wordsworth’s poetic progression.
Both critical precedence and a close line-by-line analysis suggest that the similarity between “The Retreat” and the “Ode” is indeed no coincidence. “Let anyone who is well acquainted with Wordsworth’s grand ode—that on the ‘Intimations of Immortality’—turn his mind to a comparison between that and [‘The Retreat’]: he will find the resemblance remarkable,” comments 19th century author George MacDonald (“A Mount”)…
of mind (Scott). In the 2011 production of Warrior, Frank Campana trains his wrestlers by having them listen to Beethoven's “Ode to Joy” to calm them, and also teach them to respond quickly in strenuous situations. Campana knows that if a wrestler allows his reaction time to become delayed, it could lead to an easy pin for the opponent. Beethoven's music, especially his “Ode to Joy”, begins with a calm tone and gradually builds into a triumphant symphony. By training his fighters to think in a way…
King Agamemnon angrily stated that he did not want to give up his prize, for then he would be the only Grecians without one. Yet, because he would rather his people live, he would return the girl if she was replaced with another.
Achilles told him that all the prizes had been awarded. But if Agamemnon was to return the girl, the gods would be in their favor and they would win the war. When they won they would replace Chrysies three or four times. Agamemnon would not hear of this. His pride would…
also that of one’s ancestry. If a man’s family was particularly honorable or dishonorable, it was instantly obvious because of the renown and history that stood behind his name. The name was truly the most important possession of any man in early Grecian culture. This is probably best evidenced by Odysseus’ encounter with the cyclops, Polyphemos. In the beginning, Odysseus merely tells Polyphemos that he is Noman, a man with no history or background, about whom the cyclops does not know if he should…
important task of restructuring the
The Death Care Business
The primary activities of death care firms include the provision of funeral, burial, and cremation
services, and related products like cemetery plots, caskets, urns, and gravesite markers. Funeral
services and cemetery plots can be sold either on an “at-need” basis (i.e., at the time of death), or on a
“prearranged” or “pre-need” basis. In the latter case, payment for a funeral service or cemetery plot