Prion Diseases Essay

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  • Essay on Prion Diseases

    2462 Words  | 10 Pages

    Prion Diseases Abstract Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are neurodegenerative diseases that are thought to be caused by the misfolding of prion proteins. Prions are able to replicate in the absence of nucleic acids. TSEs include: scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, kuru, Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease, and Fatal Familial Insomnia. They can affect many different animals, including humans. Currently, there are no ways to diagnose, treat

  • Human Form Of Prion Disease

    1521 Words  | 7 Pages

    Prion disease, also known as a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), was first seen in 1902 within a linguistic group in Papa New Guinea, called the Fore. This human form of prion disease is called kuru and around the 1950’s, it proved to be untreatable and always fatal to those infected by it. At its peak, kuru reached epidemic levels as 200 new cases of kuru were reported annually during the mid-1950’s, contributing to greatly to its death toll of 3000 people (Goldfarb, 2002). The Fore

  • Prions Cause Fatal Neurological Diseases in the Brain of Animals and Humans

    556 Words  | 2 Pages

    Prions cause diseases, but they aren’t viruses or bacteria or fungi or parasites, but proteinaceous infectious particles, an abnormal form of a normally harmless protein found in the brain causing variety of fatal neurological diseases of both animals and humans. They are the ones that cause the well-known “mad cow” disease in Britain and “Scarpie” for animals. Prions act slowly, and are virtually indestructible. Prions enter the brain through infection, or they can arise from mutations in the gene

  • Cellulose, Starch, Glycogen, Prion Disease and Cholesterol

    954 Words  | 4 Pages

    affects the coronary arteries it will cause coronary artery disease, which puts a person at risk for having a heart attack. When atherosclerosis affects the blood vessels that supply the brain it will cause cerebral vascular disease, which puts a person at risk of having a stroke. Atherosclerosis may also block blood flow to other vital organs, including the kidneys and intestines. On the other side, too little cholesterol can also cause diseases to a person. Low levels of LDL cholesterol may increase

  • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies

    524 Words  | 2 Pages

    encephalopathies (TSEs), or Prion diseases, are a group of neurodegenerative disorders which include but is not limited to kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia in men, natural scrapie in sheep, goats and mufflons. The first records of neurodegenerative disease which would later be linked to Prions were made about two hundred years ago. It was in the 1950’s it was discovered that Prion disease could be transmitted horizontally

  • The Importance Of Transfer Between Cells

    1487 Words  | 6 Pages

    A study lead by Christian Münch set out to show the pathway that a prion like protein in an amyloid fiber can transfer between cells. The first test that was done in this study was to grow cells in a media containing a mutant SOD1 (a common ALS causing protein) granule coated fibrils. These fibrils were labeled with Dylight dyes and when examined the majority of the grown cells were

  • The Effects of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies on Humans

    1364 Words  | 6 Pages

    with many different diseases and the ones most disliked are the ones with no cures. Like cancer, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies have no cure, but they are more rare. These diseases are prion diseases which cause the brain to deteriorate. Prions are proteins that sometimes behave like viruses, which mean that they should have some form of nucleic acid, but since they don’t, they cause abnormalities. The nervous system contains many normal prions, but when an abnormal prion comes along, it transforms

  • Research Paper On Mad Cow Disease

    595 Words  | 3 Pages

    "Mad cow" disease is a deadly disease caused by prions in the brains of cattle. The real name of this disease is bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Abnormal prions are usually found in the brain tissue of many diseased cattle and they transmit the infection. Many changes are seen in the brain of infected cattle. Infection can lead to small holes in parts of the brain, giving the tissue a sponge-like appearance when viewed with a microscope. These small holes cause slow decline in a cow’s brain

  • Chronic Wasting Disease

    1307 Words  | 6 Pages

    Chronic wasting disease has been around for more than 60 years and has been destroying the deer and elk population in 23 US states. It is shutting down hunting in some states in United States and limiting it in other states. The Department of Natural Resources needs to the help the deer and elk population out by shutting down feeding and hunting. Chronic wasting disease is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of mule deer, white tailed deer, and moose. In 1967 chronic wasting disease was discovered

  • Why Is Cannibalism So Bad For You?

    1664 Words  | 7 Pages

    cannibalism has began the pattern of deadly prions that slowly begin to eat away at your brain and cause many life long diseases for many generations. This is all caused by a deadly little prion, which can be referred to as Spongiform Encephalies (Kuru: The Dynamics of a Prion Disease: Dr. Bindon), causes the brain to become spongy and have holes while dterteating the neurological functions along with the body (Kuru: The Dynamics of a Prion Disease: Dr. Bindon). Prions are able to come in many deadly forms