Social Darwinism Essay

  • Social Darwinism And Its Effect On Society

    1069 Words  | 5 Pages

    “survive,” are called Social Darwinists. Social Darwinism is a competition between groups in society, usually resulting in the most fit, or most capable, coming out on top. Social Darwinists argue that the strong’s power and wealth should increase, whereas the weak’s should decrease. There are different views as to who these weak and strong groups are, but all Social Darwinists agree that the strong should be rewarded and the weak punished. The concept of Social Darwinism is based off of Charles

  • The Many Faces Of Social Darwinism

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    Kimberly Hollman HIS356K March 3, 2016 The Many Faces of Social Darwinism Hollman 1 of 5 The second half of the 19th century was a time of great flux in the United States. The impact of the Civil War perturbed all spheres of American domestic life, leaving its citizens in a state of anxiety regarding their beliefs, government, and even their fellow man. These changes happened concurrently with advances in the sciences: on the eve of the Civil War, Charles Darwin published his influential On the

  • The Theory Of Social Darwinism

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    society good. I ask myself, should Mr. Herbert Spencer, Minister Graham Sumner, and Andrew Carnegie come back to life, what will be their response? The aforementioned are the considered the fathers of Social Darwinism. In this essay I will discuss and evaluate the theory of Social Darwinism. Social Darwinism, a theory that supposed that humans are subject to Darwin’s law of evolution just like all other species and therefore when it comes to the society the most socially capable or fit group out on top

  • Social Darwinism Is An Ideology Of Society

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    Social Darwinism is an ideology of society that seeks to apply biological concepts of the laws of evolution by natural selection of evolutionary theory to sociology and politics, often with the assumption that conflict between groups in society leads to social progress as superior groups outcompete inferior ones. How we got to the point of coining the modern term of “Social Darwinism” we would have to turn to the famous man himself, Charles Darwin. At first glance, Charles Darwin seems an unlikely

  • Social Darwinism in American Politics Essays

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    Introduction Social Darwinism is a quasi-philosophical, quasi-religious, quasi-sociological view that came from the mind of Herbert Spencer, an English philosopher in the 19th century. It did not achieve wide acceptance in England or Europe, but flourished in this country, as is true of many ideologies, religions, and philosophies. A good summary of Social Darwinism is by Johnson: In these years, when Darwin's Origin of Species, popularized by Herbert Spencer as "the survival of the fittest

  • Social Darwinism And Natural Selection

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    consequences that we do not yet realize. Almost all of us know Darwinism and Natural Selection in the biological field, but we often overlook the similar phenomena in the social aspect. In fact, resemble to the way we adapt to our physical environment, we also adapt to our social environment in order to survive and excel in our social relationships. Such adaption is called Social Darwinism. Because technologies have significantly influenced our social environment, humans are forced to adapt not only to technologies

  • Social Darwinism And Its Impact On Society

    897 Words  | 4 Pages

    Social Darwinism was a concept that was an accepted theory in the nineteenth-century. It originated from Charles Darwin, which stated ‘ survival of the fittest’, meaning the poor and weak were going to die and that the rich and powerful received more power and growth. However, even though Charles came up with the ‘idea’ of Social Darwinism, he had other social Darwinists who actually grasped the entire concept of Darwinism and applied it to Social Sciences. Social Darwinists like Herbert Spencer

  • Thre Views of Social Darwinism

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    The concept of Social Darwinism was a widely accepted theory in the nineteenth-century. Various intellectual, and political figures from each side of the political spectrum grasped the theory and interpreted it in various ways. In this paper, we will discuss three different nineteenth-century thinkers and their conception of Social Darwinism. The conservative, Heinrich von Treitschke, and liberal Herbert Spencer both gave arguments on the usefulness of competition between people on

  • Social Darwinism : Rosemary 's Baby

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    Social Darwinism in Rosemary’s Baby In The Gothic Body, by discussing Darwinist theory and the mutability of human identity, Kelly Hurley shows that biological, monstrous transformation of human beings was a “ruination of traditional constructs of human identity that accompanied the modelling of new ones at the turn of the century” (Hurley 3). In Rosemary’s Baby, the existence of an evolved, abhuman baby may suggest that the characters also undergo such Darwinian evolution. However, in the novel

  • Effects of Social Darwinism Essay

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    Introduction The Effects of Social Darwinism on the social trends of the 19th century. “As a world view, Darwinism cannot of course be refuted, since Faith is, always has been, and always will be, stronger than facts. “ - Francis P. Yockey Social Darwinism is a theory that competition among all individuals, groups, nations or ideas drives social evolution in human societies. The term draws upon Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, where competition between individual organisms drives

  • The Social Darwinism Of The World War I

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    American Social Darwinism “For their point of view does not permit of a live-and-let-live kind of carrying on. It is a point of view that justifies itself by a whole hearted acceptance of the worst of Neo-Darwinism, the Allmacht of natural selection applied rigorously to human life and society and Kultur”(p.22, Headquarters Nights by Vernon Kellogg). In the years following World War I, the Social Darwinist movement lost some of its momentum due to the unpopularity of Germany 's Neo-Darwinism. Support

  • Social Darwinism and Race Superiority In The West Essay

    2018 Words  | 9 Pages

    Social Darwinism was a set of theories developed by various people during the 19th century. It was the adaptation of Darwin theory of evolution applied to human social behavior and ability to survive compared to other human beings. It can now easily be seen that these theories could be used to justify racial discrimination and they have been used in this way throughout history. This misconception of Darwin’s theories popularized by various academics in the west gave western nations to treat other

  • Charles Darwin, Social Darwinism, and Imperialism Essay

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    largely influenced by the principles of science. Many social expressions occurred due to these changes. Transformations which categorized this time period could be observed in social institutions; for instance: the switch from popular Evangelicalism to atheism, emergence of feminism and the creation of new political ideologies (Liberalism, Conservatism and Radicalism). These are just a few of the changes that took place. All of this social alteration can be attributed to the importance of science

  • Jude the Obscure and Social Darwinism Essay

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    Jude the Obscure and Social Darwinism         Jude the Obscure is indeed a lesson in cruelty and despair; the inevitable by-products of Social Darwinism. The main characters of the book are controlled by fate's "compelling arm of extraordinary muscular power"(1), weakly resisting the influence of their own sexuality, and of society and nature around them.   Jude's world is one in which only the fittest survive, and he is clearly not equipped to number amongst the fittest. In keeping

  • Social Darwinism: Herbert Spencer and The Catholic Church Essay

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    Herbert Spencer was the most important Social Darwinist of the 19th Century. He was the first to begin thinking about evolutionist long before Darwin came out with his book on the "Origins of Species". He had many theories such as that everything evolves from one basic creature and then breaks off into more diverse species (Haberman (Hab.), 171). His theory was that social, political, and intellectual movements were caused by the development from the homogeneous to the

  • Essay about Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism

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    into being partly from the ideas of Darwin. This methodology is known as social darwinism. One can trace the roots of this idea all the way back to the time of Darwin and his contemporaries, and proponents of the theory remain strong even today. Social darwinism has shown its influence in many ways throughout history and is seen to be just as controversial as Darwinian evolution. The theory of social darwinism was first introduced to the public[1] in “A Theory of Population, Deduced

  • Essay on Social Darwinism

    1197 Words  | 5 Pages

    world but its effects reach far beyond this small institution of intellectuals. People applied Darwinism and its belief in survival of the fittest to all areas of life. They used it as a “natural law” which supported their actions and beliefs. Advocates manipulated the scientific doctrine to fulfill their personal needs and to justify religious beliefs, capitalism, and military conquests.       Darwinism greatly impacted the scientific world purely through its specific doctrine. The enlightenment

  • Social Darwinism and Poverty

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    Social Darwinism and Poverty The concept of Darwinism is more mundanely known as "survival of the fittest." That means that the animals that are best suited for survival, which is best adapted to the society in which they live will be the ones that survive. Those that do not have skills and abilities which will allow them to live and thrive will die out. Consequently the next generation will be more comprised of far more creatures that have the more appropriate characteristics. Some have suggested

  • Background of Social Darwinism

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    Racial profiling is not new, however, and was a theory of sociology in the late 19th century known as Social Darwinism. Incorrectly using Darwin's theory of evolution, the Social Darwinists believed that some species were morally superior to others, and even some races superior to others ADDIN EN.CITE Johnson200813(Johnson)13136Johnson, D.P.The Historical Background of Social DarwinismContemporary Sociological Theories2008New YorkSpringer ( HYPERLINK l "_ENREF_4" o "Johnson, 2008 #13" Johnson)

  • The Theory Of Social Darwinism

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    achievable by white “civilized people” and they had the responsibility to help shepherd others to civilization and out of their huts. Lewis Henry Morgan and his stages of savagery, barbarism, and civilization challenged this racist theory of social Darwinism. After World War II, the world was thrust into a Cold War in which the East and West competed with their minds, not guns. These technological innovations that arose out of it and the public mindset at the time set the stage for Carneiro and

  • The Political Implications of Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection

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    organisms to adapt and survive. While this was a biological theory, there were political implications to Darwin's theory. A man named Herbert Spencer took the theory of natural selection and applied it to society, creating the ideology of Social Darwinism. Spencer felt that there were certain types of people who were unfit for society and did not contribute anything of value to it. These people were at a disadvantage in society but it was due to the fact that they weren't industrious enough

  • Transformation of Humphrey Van Weyden in Jack London’s The Sea Wolf

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    Transformation of Humphrey Van Weyden in Jack London’s The Sea Wolf Jack London’s The Sea Wolf is in some ways a philosophical text and a product of its time. The strain it puts on the reader between a social Darwinist and utilitarian perspective against that of a more idealistic one is great. Many times the character of Wolf Larsen is a more consistent articulator of the Darwinian position and seems to always be getting the upper hand argumentatively. However, it is due to a phenomenological

  • The Great Impact On Intellectual And Artistic Endeavors And Theses Ideas Essay

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    American intellectual landscapes were changing in equally important ways. New ideas in the worlds of literature, science and philosophy were having great impact on intellectual and artistic endeavors and theses ideas were not just influencing the social elites but also America’s growing mass of ordinary, literate citizens. This influence would set in motion a change in mass direction for the United States. What will be seen in this time period is a clear change in direction for a nation recovering

  • The Theory Of Biological Evolution

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    Social Darwinism is defined as the application of the theory of biological evolution to human affairs. It was used to justify and clarify many notions of nationalism and imperialism. Science played a huge role in the coming about of this new discovery but in reality, the society shaped the science of what it was about. Charles Darwin was the root of new era and was profound to come up with the theory of evolution. His theory had become one the fundamental unifying principles of modern biology and

  • Social Darwinism And The Progressive Era

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    the Industrial Workers of the World. Labor unions, the Socialist Party and progressives as a whole took issue with the doctrine of Social Darwinism and moved forward as a somewhat united front with the goal of bringing meaningful change to American society. As America made the transition into an industrial power in the latter half of the 19th century, Social Darwinism became a prevalent method of rationalizing massive inequality and widespread poverty. This doctrine of leaving the poorest in the

  • Charles Darwin 's Theory Of Evolution

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    publication of On the Origin of Species greatly impacted the thoughts of the general public and of intellectuals alike. His ideas on natural selection were applied to social developments among humankind, forming a philosophy known as Social Darwinism. Darwin’s Origin of Species greatly influenced Herbert Spencer, an English philosopher and Social Darwinist in the late nineteenth century. Spencer suggested in his work that a natural struggle existed among mankind, an order where competition determined that

  • Charles Darwin, The Most Influential Nineteenth Century Evolutionary Thinker

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    biological evolution to human affairs and saw the human race as driven by an un-ending economic struggle that would determine the survival of the fittest defines Social Darwinism (McKay 745). As European and American upper class sought to extend political and economic power, Social Darwinism proved to justify actions or policies in political, social, and economic strata. Capitalism, imperialism, and racism are different ideologies that grew strong and lingered in history using Charles Darwin’s theory of

  • Charles Darwin 's Theory Of Evolution

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    wealthy family, distanced himself from the poverty, which allowed him to see the enormous stratification of social classes. He connected what he saw in London, the competition for resources and the struggle for survival, and applied those ideas to the organic world as the basis for his evolutionary theory. The massive industrialization and it’s impact on the city of London created a new social dynamic, one that reflects itself in the animal kingdom. The Industrial Revolution was not the only cultural

  • Darwin 's Theory Of Evolution

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    witness to the societal changes occurring around him. The Industrial Revolution, along with the corresponding economic theories of Adam Smith and Thomas Malthus, influenced Darwin’s theory of evolution as well as helped make his theory popular among social elitists. The Beagle voyage lasted for five years; during that time Darwin had no idea that London went through a period of extreme urbanization. The city became a sewage filled wasteland where people lived in squalor, overcrowding paved the way

  • William Golding 's The Lord Of The Flies

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    Simon is the first main character to die because he is unable to keep up with the boys in both a physical and mental sense. Simon’s untimely death was caused by his refusal to abandon his civilized morals in order to abide by the principles of social darwinism in the ways of the other boys. Simon stands out from the rest of the group because he does not kill and engage in physical combat with the other boys, and his death is caused by his dismission of such violent activity. Shortly after the boys

  • Social Darwinism And Its Effects On Society

    1256 Words  | 6 Pages

    early twentieth century, the work force was extremely dangerous and resulted in many physically disabled people. These people were fired from their job, because they could not physical do their job anymore. “In the 19th century, supporters of social Darwinism opposed state aid to the poor and otherwise handicapped. They reasoned that the preservation of the “unfit” would impede the process of natural selection and tamper the selection of the “best” or “fittest” elements necessary for progeny” (Munyi

  • Social Darwinism in Fahrenheit 451

    2140 Words  | 9 Pages

    Social Darwinism and Outcasting in Fahrenheit 451 A variety of themes are addressed in Fahrenheit 451, most of which are prevalent to our current situation. Because of this, the book was originally banned for sending the wrong political message and having offensive language. Although there is much irony and humor in the fact that a book warning about the implications of banning books was banned, that topic of discussion has been well over mentioned to the point where the political and social message

  • The 's Survival Of The Fittest Theory

    1875 Words  | 8 Pages

    Due to Darwin’s survival of the fittest theory, a prejudiced distinctive form of Social Darwinism developed known as eugenics which is the study that all inferior social groups should be sterilized to prevent the increase in inferior population. Eugenics is the belief that people who are unfit continue to reproduce more unfit offsprings, creating a unfit population, therefore needs to be sterilized. Eugenicists believe that the masses of people who were deficient in intelligence are a real “danger

  • On the Origin of Species

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    works supporting his own, new thesis of “Social Darwinism,” which claimed that Darwin’s principles of evolution directly applied to the formation of human societies. Although Spencer’s application of Darwinian evolutionary ideas was specifically not what Darwin intended, it was an unavoidable consequence of the nature of Darwin’s discoveries paired with the unique upbringing of Spencer. Although there was legitimate opposition to the theory, Social Darwinism became popular during the late 19th century

  • The Octopus - Review Essay

    993 Words  | 4 Pages

    is a prime example of the popular thought of the time, social Darwinism. Social Darwinism is the belief in Darwin’s theory of the survival of the fittest. Many social Darwinists argue that governments should not interfere with human competition by trying to control the economy or cure social ills such as poverty (Encarta). Instead, they advocate a laissez-faire political and economic system that favors competition and self-interest in social and business affairs. Most advocates propose arguments

  • Social Darwinism: The Art of Collectivism Essay

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    that it is necessary to shed the dead weight at the door and go for what you actually want on your own. “Thus began the conservative, individualistic starting point to which many gravitated, including early business giants like Andrew Carnegie” (Social Darwinism in American Thought, Hofstadter, 50) Andrew Carnegie is one the best examples of an individualist. He was a self-made steel tycoon that industrialized the “Carnegie Steel Company.” All on his own, Carnegie made investments that helped him in

  • Social Darwinism in Cyberpunk Literature Essay

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    way (Cooper 15). Social Darwinism, as Spencer's theory is called, pits everyone against each other to survive in the world where humans are soldiers in a war for survival. If a person is poor, it is their fault and no one should help that person rise above the poverty status. If a person is rich, they are worthy of the position based on their actions, even if morally wrong. So if one is poor, the person will be weeded out of society while the rich survive. The Social Darwinism of the nineteenth

  • America 's Policy Of Social Darwinism

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    imperialism began to spread. This meant that other nations, along with the U.S, began to demonstrate their immense powers, and America wanted to become prominently dominant. A principal justification for America’s imperialism was the policy of Social Darwinism. It stated that the powerful nations, such as America, was destined to help less powerful nations because we were a dominant force, and we must provide aid. Through this process, both self-interest and idealism were important driving forces in

  • Critical Race Theory And Social Darwinism

    1248 Words  | 5 Pages

    of people of superior race. The theory recognizes that the power structure in the society leads to the exploitation of coloured people by white people. • SOCIAL DARWINISM Social Darwinism is a popular social evolution theory in 19 century propounded by Herbert Spencer. It refers to notions of struggle for existence being used to justify social policies, which show no sympathy for those unable to support them. Rationalized by the notion that colonized nations, poor people, or disadvantaged minorities

  • Naturalism in a Lost Lady

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    Origin of Species, a new group of people, the Social Darwinists, applied the theory of natural selection to social hierarchy. A most notable Social Darwinist, Herbert Spencer, coined the term “survival of the fittest”, implying that people in higher social groups were more “fit” to survive than those who were in lower social groups (Bannister, “Social Darwinism”). This idea of social evolution contributed to the dehumanization of people. More social theorists, scientists, and writers started considering

  • Racism And Social Darwinism And Its Impact On The World

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    notice his personal battle with colonialism and it changed the very foundation of his world. Cesaire was a product of French colonialism and saw the impact that it had on the planet after the Second World War. He saw the full impact of racism and Social Darwinism, so his response is understandable because he experienced the issues that took place. He was born on June 26, 1913, when France controlled Martinique, so he experienced colonial issues. More importantly, the author saw how Europeans used colonialism

  • The Theory Of Progressive Evolution

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    in particular earlier Christian apologetics focusing on the complexity of nature as evidence for God such as that of William Paley 's analogy of the supposedly irreducible complexity of nature. Micheal Shermer similarly outlined the emphasis Neo-Darwinism placed on constant reiteration of the importance of Darwin 's “idea”, defined as a singular, revolutionary entity within the history of science that was first exclusively formed in 1837 and confirmed by others8 in the progressive vein of Thomas S

  • Racism And Social Darwinism : New Imperialism

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    divvied up among the giants: Great Britain took South Africa, Nigeria, and Kenya; France, North and West Africa; and Germany, East and Southwest Africa. Three main factors motivated this new imperialism. The first was a combination of racism and Social Darwinism -- the latter being the belief that, in the struggle between nations, only the strong will prevail. The second stemmed from religion, and was known as “The White Man’s Burden”-- the idea that Europeans were obligated to bring technology and order

  • Darwinism : The Time Machine

    2097 Words  | 9 Pages

    Keisha Washington Dr. Prince ENG 2320 November 25, 2014 Darwinism: The Time Machine Darwinism is a theory of evolution developed by Charles Darwin also called Darwinian Theory. Darwin utilizes Thomas Malthus’ principle of exponential population growth to debate the possibility of infinite growth of population sizes which is tested by the limitations of geography and natural resources that makes it impossible for an infinite number of beings to survive. The limitation in resources results in species

  • Herbert Spencer, Social Darwinism, Personal Thoughts

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    homeschooled and raised by his father and uncle (Delaney, 2003) and how he was the founder of social Darwinism and how he “coined the term ‘survival of the fittest,’” (Ferris, K., & Stein, J., 2014, p. 21). Spencer’s major books that he has written are in this paper as well. This paper also discusses how my own personal thoughts were awakened by his theoretical concept of social Darwinism. Keywords: Spencer, social Darwinism, personal thoughts A Biography of Herbert Spencer, His Contributions to Sociology

  • Socialism More Beneficial than Social Darwinism Essay

    699 Words  | 3 Pages

    The ideas of Social Darwinism and Socialism were first theorized by those in the age of industrialization, when the gap between the social classes was continuing to grow. Social Darwinism is a philosophy that was taken off of the theory of Darwinism in two aspects that were applied to society. One, survival of the fittest. Those who succeeded in life were the ones who were “fit”, in addition, those who failed were left to be weeded out, Secondly, the idea of natural selection as applied to

  • Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism Essay

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    society. Dennett briefly touched on some of the political and social ramifications of Darwin's theories in the final chapter of Darwin's Dangerous Idea. Other philosophers and thinkers have also adapted Darwin's evolutionary ideas, in order to apply them in a societal or cultural context. One great example of this adaptation of the biological concept of evolution, is the appearance of Social Darwinism during the 19th century. Social Darwinism, by definition, is the principle that "the survival of the

  • Charles Darwin 's Theory Of Social Darwinism

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    and a lot of them have come from Charles Darwin. Many of them have been proven but many of them are still up for speculation. One of them stuck out among most though, and it is a very talked about subject. Charles Darwin stated the theory of Social Darwinism where people presumed the weak thrive and resulted in the survival of only the fittest. Living fossils were another topic that Darwin came up with. Even though Darwin founded this theory many different men elaborated on this. During the study

  • Social Darwinism in the 1920s and the Movie College by Buster Keaten

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    The idea of Social Darwinism influenced Americans, especially during early 1920’s. The idea of the survival of the fittest is showing that the body is more important to fit in society. Also, the physical fitness is considered as the key of success and a way to fit in society, if someone is not physically fit he will be isolated. The movie “College” (1927) by Buster Keaton, presents the idea of physical culture in college life and how fitness is a key of success which leads efficiency in society.

  • Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism Essay

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    their slaves. Darwin’s principle was also used by the society to formulate the idea of class system and social ranking. The idea of applying Darwin’s principle to promote caste and color discrimination within societies eventually came to be known as ‘Social Darwinism’. The high-ranked members of the society believed that, to maintain the prosperity of the society, the weak social groups should be oppressed to ensure their elimination in the future generations. According to Kramer’s film, The