control her temper, or she acted as if she had been tamed to get everyone off of her back.
Katharina: The Liberated Shrew
Since it is not possible for Katharina to have been tamed by Petruchio in the short time period of the play, it is possible that she was liberated by Petruchio's actions. In the movie version of Taming of the Shrew, starring Elizabeth Taylor as Katharina and Richard Burton as Petruchio, the ending sequence is presented with the widow and Bianca…
being said, in The Taming of the Shrew, Shakespeare uses the word sirrah at few different times throughout the play. In early modern English, the word sirrah was defined as “a term of address used to men or boys, expressing contempt, reprimand, or assumption of authority on the part of the speaker; sometimes employed less seriously in addressing children” (OED). Today, however, the word sirrah is now archaic in Modern English language use. In the play, The Taming of the Shrew, the way the word sirrah…
He states that he wants a shrewish and curst woman for a wife, but does not mention before his marriage with Katherine his eventual taming of her shrewdness. This is the cause of two things: duty and pride. It is an obvious assumption that one finds it hard to live a desired life with a mate as wild as Katherine, so in taming her, if he does so succeed, she will be like a trained dog. If you whip a ferocious dog enough, refuse it the basic necessities of living, the dog will learn…
unimportant. This is the view in which Shakespeare took on board whilst writing the play.
Baptista was the father of two daughters; he was a wealthy man and could meet the expense of two respectable dowries. One of his two daughters was seen to be a shrew amongst the people of Padua, this therefore making it extremely difficult for him to find a suitor for her. Money therefore played an immense part in the marriage of Katherina. Without Petruchio turning up in Padua, looking for a wife it could have…
characters even moreso than their very being in the play does. The fact that they eventually switch roles is another interesting point; Shakespeare presents one as a shrew and the other as the seemingly perfect woman, but he abruptly switches these roles in the last act, after all the action has been performed of the men taming the original shrew. The presentations of these two female characters in a cast full of men is the most poignant part of this whole argument; Shakespeare plays on the societal conventions…
everyone off of her back.
As I feel that it is not possible for Katharina to have been tamed by Petruchio in the short time period of the play, it is possible that she was liberated by Petruchio's actions. In the movie version of Taming of the Shrew, which…
Padua to be a shrew, Katherine is
foul-tempered and sharp-tongued at the start of the play. She
constantly insults and degrades the men around her, and she is prone
to wild displays of anger, during which she may physically attack
whomever enrages her. Though most of the play's characters simply
believe Katherine to be inherently ill-tempered, it is certainly
plausible to think that her unpleasant behavior stems from
unhappiness. She may act like a shrew because she is…
appeared one-way and acted another such as Bianca does in Taming of
Today however women have made a stand they are no longer second to
anyone but instead an equal with just as much authority right and
power as any other man. A few typical traditions however still remain
but these are slowly dieing out as women go out to work and don't
always stay home to raise a family.
Taming of the Shrew is set in Elizabethan times in Italy with
first meeting between Katherina and her suitor Petruchio depends on the determination of each to reduce the other to subhuman status. In “The Taming of the Shrew”, Katherina′s "pointed nose" or rather her sharp tongue, is her bone of contention (Thompson 7). This essentially means that her foul and crude language is the problem which defines her as a shrew that must be tamed. Katherina’s language does not fit in the language patterns of her gender, as well as she herself does not fit into the typical…
Kate, it is clearly he who comes off better, immediately setting about
her with short witty lines, and puns, 'for dainties are all Kates.'
This gives the effect if making Petruchio seem very confident and sure
of himself, if he begins his taming with such good humour and
interest. In contrast to this, Kate is very angry and frustrated by
the Petruchio, and immediately becomes "shrewish," resorting to
insults, 'A joint stool,' and violence. This gives the effect of Kate
being much less…
change her demeanor. She could have remained bitter and feisty, but it would have been in vain, and I believe that she realized that her actions had been no worse than the vanity and shallowness she witnessed in the people of Padua.
As Kate was taming herself, she could see the benefits to being a partner with her husband…
told you, I, he was a frantic fool . . . Now must the world point at poor Katherine and say, "Lo, there is mad Petruchio's wife, If it would please him come and marry her!" (54)
In this passage Katherine is first subjected to Petruchio's plan for taming her. Angered by his actions she tells the townsfolk of her objection to this marriage. Kate believes that she should be in love with whom she wants to marry, but this is obviously not the case with Petruchio. She explains that he will make an awful…
picture. For example, the parrot Katherine and Petruchio receive at their wedding is not talked about in the book.
Clearly there are many similarities between the book and the movie but also some distinct differences. Despite this, “The Taming of the Shrew”, is a timeless story of deception and love that has passed the test of time again and…
In Petruccio's version of a cucking-stool, he intended to put Kate through much difficulty so that he could make her see the error of her ways, as well as gain control of her.
In "The Taming of a Scold", Underdown states that "female independence is sometimes portrayed sympathetically" (p.117). At the time it was written, Kate's obstinence may have been humorous, but most women would not be able to relate with her behavior from their personal experience; yet they would be able to understand…
opposite of what she expects him to do. He continues his taming at the wedding by acting even worse than she does, and in a way, he paints a portrait of her for her to see. He believes that if she sees the way she acts by repeating her actions, that she will want to change, to be more pleasant. I think she acts the way she does in part because she doesn’t realize what she does and to people and doesn’t fully know why people call her the shrew. By repeating how she acts Petruchio not only tames her…
forcefulness is viewed as a positive masculine attribute, whereas Katherina's forcefulness is seen as a negative, "shrewish" trait. But Petruchio is not only forceful; he--like Bianca and Lucentio--is also quite clever. He seems to relish the challenge of taming Katherina, both for the sport of it as well as the monetary rewards that she will bring to their marriage. In order to "tame" Katherina, Petruchio freely uses both force and cleverness. At their first meeting, he cleverly sings her praises: "Hearing…
how Petruchio fills his void of domination, which is the way he has been socially constructed. He is challenging himself and showing off his male dominance through Katharina.
Many times the void for domination is too great to be filled through taming a wife. If a relationship reaches the extent of physical violence…
his intent in creating characters to inspire much controversy. Two works, Taming of the Shrew, and Twelfth Night, stand out particularly well in regards to Shakespeare's use of female characters. If you could examine these two plays, you would see that Shakespeare, though conforming to contemporary attitudes of women, circumvented them by creating resolute female characters with a strong sense of self.
The Taming of the Shrew is one of Shakespeare's most famous plays, and has weathered well into our…
She has a sharp tongue and is not afraid to use it along with
violence. She even goes as far as hitting a lute over the lute
teacher’s head, in act 2 scene 1. However, after she marries
Petruchio, all of this changes.
The fact that Katherina is the eldest gives her a sense of authority
and so when Petruchio arrives on the scene, in act 2, she finds it
hard to get used to his domineering behaviour. Also whilst he is
trying to woo her he tries to use his male dominance…
Another clear example of character deception in The Taming of the Shrew is Petruchio’s deception of Katherine. Petruchio pretends that he loves Katherine so much, that he cannot allow her to eat his inferior food or sleep in his poorly made bed; all in the name of ‘love’. “That bate and beat will not be obedient. She eat no meat today, not none shall eat; last night she slept not, nor tonight she shall not,” (Act IV Scene I The Taming of the Shrew). The motive for Petruchio’s deception of Katherine…
of stopping the birth. Shakespeare was forced
into a “Shotgun” wedding, which was most definitely not based on love.
This may have had an influence on the way that he wrote some of his
plays, for instance, “The Taming of the Shrew”. In “The Taming of the
Shrew” it is quite obvious that love is seen as in no way important
when people are to be married. Perhaps some of Shakespeare’s own
experiences, have been transferred into the characters.
In Elizabethan England, men…
As the title suggests,
the play follows the struggles of Petruchio and Katherina in courtship
and marriage; Petruchio takes on the challenge of marrying the famed
'Shrew', known in Padua for her scolding tongue and uninviting
attitude, and by the end of the play manages to tame her. It sheds
light on the belief of the time that women should be completely
obedient toward their masters, and that Kate realizes she will get
nowhere resisting men and relents to Petruchio's…
“What, in the midst of the street? / … / No, sir God forbid, be ashamed to kiss.” (v, ii, line 148, 149, page 205). Again, she is threatened with having to return home instead of joining in the festivities, and Kate gives Petruchio a kiss. This obedient kiss may indicate Petruchio’s power over her, but it was clear to Kate that if she did not give him the kiss he asked for, she would not have been allowed to proceed to the wedding feast. Kate is smart and cunning and she manipulated his yearn for…
realizes that she is truly in love and is lucky to have any husband at all, and will not, as the villagers say, "lead apes to hell" (Draper 95). The ironic counterpoint of their relationship is that while Katharina is easily tamed, Bianca, who needs no taming, is difficult for Lucentio to tolerate.
"Kate the curst" and "lusty wench" are just few of the many names used by the villagers to describe Katharina (Draper 93). Her sarcastic attitude and violent temper ruin all of her ladylike qualities. …
He says that he is just the right husband for her as well telling
Katherina that he sees her beauty and she will be tamed. Petruchio is
warning Katherina he will be turning her into “Kate submissive as
other household Kate’s”.
Petruchio and Katherine’s wedding turns out to be a disaster. It is
against Katherine’s wishes. We never actually see the wedding take
place because Shakespeare wants us to make our own judgement. We hear
from Grumio, a rich old…
“shrewishness” as a kind of disease:
My tongue will tell the anger of my heart,
Or else my heart concealing it will break,
And rather than it shall I will be free
Even to the uttermost as I please in words. (lines, 77-80)
She is a “shrew” because a snarl of anger and perhaps jealousy had twisted itself deep inside her and sought occasional release. We gradually learn that her father had favored his younger and perhaps more attractive daughter, Bianca. Kate had continually been placed…
Petruchio's intelligence is shown as he makes
the comparison to a well-established shrew and his strength is
confirmed implying he will be more than able to cope with Katherina.
Shakespeare equips Katherina with equal attributes. Her strength is
made known to the audience when she ties up her sister and hits her
music teacher over the head. This leaves the audience wondering who
will be the dominant person in the relationship and which one will
eventually back down and…
with his own insults and begins to mock Katharina by exclaiming,
"You lie, in faith, for you are called plain Kate, and bonny Kate, and
sometimes Kate the curst." (Act 2, Scene1, Lines 185 - 186)
This possibly could be the beginning of the taming process already!
All that Petruchio actually does is to match Kathrina's spite, hate
and violence. One thing Katharina says threateningly to Petruchio is,
"I'll see thee hanged on Sunday first!" (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 292)
This shows us again…
Kate is venting her anger that Bianca should be able to get suitors while she remains alone. Kate knows that she is a smart and fiery woman and wouldn't be satisfied with such wimpy men as Gremio and Hortensio. She needs a strong man to go with her own strong and powerful personality. When Baptista enters and comes to Bianca's rescue, we find out what is really the cause of Kate's behavior: She's angry that Baptista likes her younger sister better than her. Kate tells her father, that Bianca is…
To accomplish this he marries the shrew, Katherine, in hopes of receiving a wealthy dowry from her father. Despite the numerous warnings Hortensio gives him, Petruchio casts them aside saying “thou know’st not gold’s effect” (1.2.94). Again desire prevails over necessity. Here is a man whose desire for wealth eclipses the possible chance of happiness being found within his new wife. The greed does not end there, however, Petruchio goes so far as to tame Katherine to acquire even more funds through…
This shows that Bianca is trying to stand up to Katherina, but in
response to this she is struck by her sister, once again showing
Katherina's inclination to use physical violence whenever possible.
Although we should be feeling sympathetic towards Bianca at this
stage, we can't help but sympathise for Katherina also. There is
obviously a reason for this behaviour and although she denies it maybe
Katherina is subconsciously envious of Bianca and maybe has a desire
always those who are ahead of their time and that exceptions exist even within the frame of gender roles.
In specific regards to obedience, Katherine’s forthright nature and defiance of her father clearly put her ahead of her time in The Taming of the Shrew. Since women were supposed to act subservient and dutiful to their male counterparts such as their fathers and husbands, Katherine undermines this belief by simply being unpleasant. Not only is Katherine referred to as “curst Katherine”(1…
The Taming of the Shrew has characters such as Petruchio, Baptista, Katherine, and Bianca that show how men overpowered women. During the Elizabethan era, there was heavy sexism. Women were discriminated. Through Shakespeare’s language, men could speak to and about women in a disrespectful and derogatory manner. Women were voiceless and deprived of their right to speak. Women were inferior to men. During the Elizabethan era, through Shakespeare’s language, and in Shakespeare’s The Taming of…
Shakespearean comedies, like “The Taming of the Shrew”, “A Midsummer’s Night Dream” and “The Merchant of Venice”, typically end with a happy ending usually involving a marriage between a couple that was courting throughout the play. The ill-matched couples courting throughout the play often encounter obstacles and experience an uncanny style of courting. Shakespeare focuses on the hectic courting of the poorly matched individuals married at the end of the play rather than the future lives of these…
give him gold enough and marry him to a puppetâ€¦or an old
trot with ne'er a tooth in her head, though have as many diseases as
two and fifty horses.'
Curtis: 'Come, you are so full of cony-catching. By this reckoning he
is more shrew than she.'
The language of the slave/servant is less formal and use more
Baptista: 'Gentlemen, importune me no further, for how I firmly am
resolved you know; that is, not to bestow my youngest daughter before
throwing food around, yelling, and hitting the servants. He then states that he is going to keep her up all night and complain about many other things so that she will not be content (Act IV, Scene I). The whole act was planned to begin the process of “taming” Katherina. At the end of both the movie and the play, Katherina gives a very long speech that lets the audience know that she has now seen the errors of her ways. The play, on the other hand, gives a little more insight as to why the story ended…
anywhere with him. Petruchio tells her when they first meet, "For I am he am born to tame you Kate,/And bring you from a wild Kate to a Kate/Conformable as other household Kates" (2.1.308-310).
Furthermore, people may argue that Kate acts like a shrew not by her own choice, but because others mistreat her. What they think proves this point is all the examples of instances in which Kate is…
Petruccio sees dollar signs and rushes forth in grand dress and eloquent mannerisms to court the gracious "Kate." When he first begins his ritual of winning the family and Katherine to his love, he is seeking his fortune in her dowry. The mention of her being at all undesirable does not put rocks in his path. He speaks of "One rich enough to be Petruccio's wife, as wealth is burden of my wooing dance be she as foul as was Florentius' love, as old as Sibyl, and as curst and shrewd as Socrates' Xanthippe…
Beatrice is also very sociable with other people and seems to be a shrew just when talking about Benedick and other males. Not unlike Katharina, who was told she would marry Petruchio (2.I.260-268), Beatrice does not consent to marry Benedick directly. Beatrice has to be entrapped with the love sonnets that Hero stole from her pocket (5.IV.88-90). Even at the conclusion of the play, it seems as though Beatrice will not change her attitudes, just her status as an unmarried woman.
as absolutely dreadful in Elizabethan times. By
the end of act I scene 1 Shakespeare has used the same techniques to
present the sisters but their behaviour, language and attitude are
perceived as complete contrasts. Kate is seen as a shrew. She is
feared and appears depressed. Bianca is pictured as the ideal woman,
worshipped and adored throughout Padua.
Shakespeare brings us back to the sisters in act II scene 1. This is a
crucial part in the play as it is the only…
Bianca, Kate's sister, engages in her own battle of the sexes, both with her suitors and her father, with a very different end result. Bianca is portrayed as the antithesis of her sister Kate. In Act I, Scene I, the first time Bianca speaks, a foreshadowing of her supposed behavior is presented: "Sir, to your pleasure humbly I subscribe." Bianca continually presents herself as the ideal wife possessing beauty, obedience, respect, mild behavior and sobriety. However what this presentation possesses…
Another suitor of Bianca is Gremio. Gremio is an old, wealthy man who wishes to pursue a life with Bianca. Gremio is one of the few suitors who does not disguise himself in order to woo her. Instead Gremio hires a Latin tutor for Bianca, which ironically is Lucentio or ‘Cambio’. Gremio turns out to be the most foolish of the suitors in the play. He not only lost the race in which to win over Bianca, but he helped another suitor steal her heart. Although Gremio was not successful with Bianca he and…
If he can control the meaning of the words, he can also control the people who use those words.
Petruchio also manipulates Kate psychologically by pivoting her thoughts in the direction of them being suited to each other for marriage. When he says “I am too young for you” (Act 2 Scene 1, 250), he starts making her feel old and unwanted. This comment makes her mad, and causes her to feel the need to prove that he is old, which she accomplishes in the next line by saying “Yet you are…
to describe his gentle transformation towards Kate. For he declares that this falcon ?must not be full-gorged (4.1)? and the use of the comparison single-handedly shows his care towards Kate and demolishes any faint idea of the play being a celebration of patriarchal power. Shakespeare uses Petruchio to bear the character of a man who only teaches and liberates his wife and is willing to suffer to complete this transformation. Thus, Shakespeare indicates the importance of transformation and shows…
"He is a somewhat colorless suitor, devoted to Bianca from first glance" (Cane 356). Their marriage is not one of simple connivance, but one of true love.
The relationship between Kate and Petruchio is completely different from the love of Bianca and Lucentio. "Kate is a neglected, hurt, and humiliated daughter who disguises her grief from herself as well as others with a noisy shrewish temper" (Craig 342). She has a fiery disposition and a reputation for reacting violently to people.…
Bianca was described as sweet and quiet. She never spoke out of turn, and was always obedient, qualities that men desired in their future wives. For the majority of the book, this is how Bianca acts, but the audience watching the play is able to see small parts where there is another side of Bianca a side that she keeps hidden from the males in her society. One clear example of this is in Act 1 Scene 1 when Bianca whispers to her sister Katherine so that no one else can hear her;
He is quite specific in his
affirmation of his purpose to get married to a wealthy woman.
According to him it does not matter what she looks like or how she is
reputed to behave and he uses examples of ugly, old, bad-tempered
women from Greek mythology to emphasise his point. As far marriage is
concerned, Petruchio states that:
"If wealthily, then happily in Padua."
(Act 1, Scene 2, line 73)
Indeed when Hortensio says;
"I would not wed her for a mine of…
What is stress?
You would normally define stress as: last minute papers, a pile of unpaid bills, bumper to bumper traffic and so forth. However, these are just scenario stressors- examples of stressful events and circumstances.
Stress is defined as an automatic physical response to any stimulus that requires you to adjust to change.¹
What Happens When We’re Stressed?
Our bodies are in homeostatic balance and the addition of stress causes an imbalance. Recall the issues that arise when…
No mates for you
Unless you were of gentler, milder mould.
K: I'faith, sir, you shall never need to fear;
Iwis it is not halfway to her heart.
But if it were, doubt not her care should be
To comb your noddle with a three-legged stool,
And paint your face, and use you as a fool.
Katherina shows that she is in fact angered and upset by the
willingness of the suitors of the town to turn to her sister when she
is the older of the two, and she should be married before her. She
I chose to focus on women issues in Shakespeare plays because I found this area to be the most interesting. Throughout this web page one can find information on Elizabethan marriage and women during this time. The two plays that are written about contain significant evidence on how women were in inferior positions.
"The household was the microcosm of the state, and women's subjection a happy paradigm of civil order." (Dusinberre, pg.78) The household was a mirror of society and this made it…