have access to this type of medicine or choose to treat illnesses on the basis of their spiritual and religious beliefs. Focusing specifically on Yoruba culture and religion, traditional healing practices are an integral part of their society. Quote on their importance of having good physical health. Spiritual health, as well, is an important aspect of Yoruba culture. To westernized cultures, this form of healing can sometimes be perceived as ineffective and insignificant to orthodox medicine (western
African-American psyche, mythical language, ritual
According to Barthes, myth is a kind of speech. Not just oral but anything from sports to art. The mythological characteristics we observe in Wilson are mostly related to Yoruba mythology rooted in Nigeria. In other words, "Myth, or in classical Greek, "mythos", signified any story or plot, whether true or invented. In its central modern significance, however, a myth is one story in a mythology — a system of hereditary stories
carried and danced with by priestesses and priest in the Sango cult,
dedicated to Sango, the Yoruba deity of thunder and lighting. The female figure represents a worshiper of Shango.
The majority of the Yoruba people live on the west coast of Africa in Nigeria, but can also be found in many other places, as they are one of the largest cultural classifications in Africa. There are approximately 40 million Yoruba world-wide. As a matter of fact, most of the slaves brought to America were Yoruban, and
hundred thousand people.The Modakekes are also known as the "Akoraye" and have a history of valor at war and are prosperous farmers.
With the fall of the Oyo Empire to the Fulani, the Yoruba kingdom was thrown into confusion and the inhabitants of the Old Oyo were dispersed and started new settlements all around Yoruba land.Fleeing southwards in search of new abodes after the fall of the Oyo Empire, the Oyos started settling among the Ifes in 1834. As the Romans of old, they were soldier-farmers. They
legitimate trade has been controversially coined by A. G. Hopkins as a ‘crisis of adaptation’. He argue that West African states struggled to make the shift and that evidence for this can be seen in economic factors as well as in the outbreak of the Yoruba wars. However this viewpoint has been widely contested as many other historians (such as Ann McDougall and Martin Lynn) believe that the transition period was smooth due to other, more legitimate forms of trade taking over the West African economy
westernization but who could blame them they spent years and years trying to prove that they could be just as good as any other developed country. Nigeria has three hundred tribes but the most influential of these tribescultural groups in Nigeria are the Yorubas, Igbos, and Hausas. They each have different cultures which they hold dear to them, cultures like their style of dressing, greeting, different foods, marriage, and dialect amongst other things and as time progresses we see that this forms of culture
that trapped her inside the ghetto. For example, she had two lovers that she was conflicted between. This is significant to her deity, Orisha, which is the goddess of war in her African culture; her weakness is men. Therefore, she is destined by her Yoruba culture to be attached to these two men. By the end of the play, she was unable to escape her fear of being alone, for her two lovers both walked out of her life. Lastly, Oya had trouble escaping the pain of not being able to have children; resulting
fluently speaks Yoruba, English, and occasionally uses French. She began acquiring English in the third grade, at a private school in Nigeria. Both of her parents spoke Yoruba, but only her dad spoke English for his job.
She began school in Kindergarten where her teachers taught her in Yoruba. On her first day of third grade she was totally confused because her teachers only spoke to the class in English and French. She learned that day she would no longer be allowed to speak in Yoruba at school. Rita
I decided to interview the black gentleman who took that business call in English, and I’m glad I did, because I was proven wrong yet again in my assumptions.
Oyedeji is not a Zulu man, he is in fact Nigerian, and his mother tongue is Yoruba.
Oyedeji’s answers to some of my questions
“Since English is not your first language, where and when did you learn to speak English? “
Oyedeji explained that, although his parents are very traditional and prefers their communications being in
alliances, and the cooperation of the local rulers.
The attitudes of both parties involved in the colonization were most defiantly not alike. The Nigerians had started as many separate tribes. The largest three tribes were the Hausas, Igbos, and the Yoruba people. They were all very different tribes and did not particularly care for one another. However with the imperialism in Nigeria imposed by the British they then started to see themselves as all Nigerians in a common struggle against their new colonial
slaves to work on the new cotton plantations. Nigeria became known as the “Slave Coast” until the middle of the nineteenth century. Characteristics traceable to Yoruba culture have been found in communities of African descent in Brazil, Cuba and in the West Indies. Also, many of the Creoles of Freetown, Sierra Leone, are descendants of early Yoruba freed slaves. Even after the British supposedly abolished slavery in 1807, slavery merely stopped becoming an export but was replaced by forced labor to work
Indigenous religion is expressed or represented orally and to them is felt just by acknowledging the presence of every being and every molecule that makes up the universe. In perspective their belief is selflessness and balance.
The Yoruba of West Africa seem to share the general African-based systems of worship: relationship of the individual to the spirit world. The world of their ancestors do not go to a heaven but manifest themselves as beings around them and control the powers
groups. Nigeria 's three largest ethnic groups are: Hausa-Fulani (29 percent of the population), Yoruba (21 percent) and Igbo, or Ibo (18 percent). Northern Nigeria is mostly Islamic and dominated by the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group. Southern Nigeria is more westernized and urbanized than the north, with the Yoruba in the southwest and the Igbo in the southeast. It is estimated that about half the Yorubas are Christian and half Muslim, though many maintain traditional beliefs. The Igbo in the southwest
When understanding what makes up Nigeria, it is important to look at it’s three main ethnic groups of 250 which are Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba. These three groups have very diverse beliefs even though they are within the same country. What is acceptable to the Igbos might be offensive to the Yorubas and vice versa. The Igbos make up 18% of the nation’s population, the Yorubas make up 21% and the Hausas make up 29%. In Nigeria, one can easily tell what ethnic group an individual is from based on their name
audiences in Accra with hilarious dramatizations of the local events.
The first professional theatres in Nigeria were produced by the local actor-managers. The three most successful were Kola Ogunmola, Duro Ladipa, and Hubert Ogunde. They were all Yoruba and started work as teachers by making plays based on the Bible stories in African churches. Ogunde’s first production was The Garden of Eden (1944) in the Church of the Lord. Then in 1945 he made a satire called Strike and Hunger. It was based
populous African country with over 170 million people and an emerging economy, the country boasts of over 521 languages and more than 250 dialects and ethnic groups. The Hausa and Fulani are predominantly in the North, Igbo are in the south east and the Yorubas are in the south western part of Nigeria. These four ethnic groups are believed to be the four predominant ethnic groups while the other ethnic groups such as Ibibio, Ijaw, Efik among others are referred to as the ethnic minorities. The Nigerian government
stories that teach values. Myths are passed down from one generation to the next that teach one how to live. Reciting myths became a way for people to connect with supernatural beings, gods, or ancestors in those myths. For instance, according to the Yoruba myth, Shango is an orisha of fire and lightning. He was the third king of the Oyo kingdom. And Ogun is an orisha of iron, hunting, war, and politics. One of the first orishas is to come to earth from heaven. He rules all implements made of iron
to most art with a female subject. Parallels, content inconsistencies, and how culture affects these, is visible in the Shango Shrine Figure, Athena Parthenos, and Venus of Willendorf.
In the Shango shrine figure created by Abogunde of Ede of the Yoruba culture, the female subject is used to represent a variety of cultural beliefs. The choice to use a female figure is important because of the inherent themes it represents; fertility and culturally portrayed status. The Shango Shrine Figure is a female
(especially from the major ones: Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa) and mostly in these areas: music, clothing, indigenous foods, traditional religious beliefs, local institutions, and flora and fauna. Clear examples are clearly illustrated in Wole Soyinka’s Collected Poems 2:
“Towards the end of this speech the sound of ‘gangan’ drums is heard, coming from the side opposite the hut. A boy enters carrying a drum on each shoulder” (CP2: 152).
The word ‘gangan’ is a direct transfer from Yoruba language and it refers
this creation, the indigenes of now ‘Nigeria’ were divided into four empires stretching as far as parts that are not recognised as part of Nigeria like present day Cameroon and Ghana. These empires were The Northern Empire, The Calabar Empire, The Yoruba Empire and The Benin Empire. Nigeria became independent from the British on October 1,1960. The country was divided into three large regions, the North, The West and The East regions respectively. These three regions and their indigenous members
precedent for Jose Merced, President Templo Yoruba OmoOrisha Texas, Inc., v. City of Euless in 2009. In this case, the city of Euless, Texas passed ordinances banning animal sacrifice within city limits. Members of the local Santeria Church filed a lawsuit against the city and were favored by the Appeals court, which upheld that the church?s Free Exercise right under the First Amendment had been violated by the city ordinances (Jose Merced, President Templo Yoruba Omo Orisha Texas, Inc., v. City of Euless
Wole Soyinka, the author uses the representation of woman as the defenders of the Yoruba tradition. Soyinka tells us in this “Author’s note” that the play is based on an incident in Nigeria in 1949. In Yoruba tradition, it is the sacrifice of the king’s horseman that plays the essential role in bringing good fortune onto the community. While these leaders of the Yoruba culture are predominantly male, the role of the Yoruba woman as both defender and keeper of these traditions are of equal importance
the visa lottery that guaranteed my whole family permanent resident status in the United States. The town my family and I lived in Nigeria is called Ifo. It consists mostly of the Yoruba tribe, although other tribes live there as well. There are 3 main tribes in Nigeria and they are the Hausas, Igbos and the Yorubas. And it is estimated that there are 250 tribes and languages! These tribes do not get along with each other. Furthermore, every tribe is always trying to establish superiority. The
the actual fact(s). Even the researcher may fall into the trap of biased interpretation of history13. Perhaps no example best explain the role of religion in the interpretation historical facts than Samuel Johnson’s ascription of the root cause of Yoruba civil war to God’s punishment14. Probably the role of ideology is why history has been described as a mixture of objective facts with subjective interpretations (perspective theory) 15.
Referencing the sources of information also poses a great
and a relatively new tradition. Some observers wonder if, in shifting and assimilating new features as it moved across the Atlantic with the slave trade and into the US after a few centuries under Cuban Catholicism, the integrity of the originally Yoruba tradition has eroded. Murphy counters those who would dismiss Santeria as a syncretism by opining that santeros view Catholic saints as “caminos, ‘ways,’ ‘roads,’ of the orishas as they manifest themselves in the world of human beings,” and concluding
adopted because some of the recent violent conflicts to be examined were triggered by religious issues. The relevance of religion is also underlined by the fact that in Nigeria ethnic boundaries tend to coincide with religion, with the exception of the Yoruba ethnic group (Ibrahim 1999).
The Nigeria state was amalgamated in the year 1914 by lord lugard. The various geographical areas or territory which was amalgamated to form Nigeria by the colonialist comprises of various cleavages, clans, towns even
conflict that makes Death and the King's Horseman. When Elesin's mind is given a taste of the English belief of free will, he is tempted away from his birth culture. The idea that the world does not rest on his shoulders, that the afterlife of the Yoruba might be false, and that he might continue to live until God chooses to strike him down (and enjoy the splendors of life and sex) creates a hole in his core beliefs. The taste is too much and too little; it nags in the back of his mind and eventually
enslaved Africans attempted suicide, some successfully. Africans did not embrace the institution of slavery, and many chose to run away. The millions of Africans brought to America would not have thought of themselves as African; they were Asante, Yoruba, or Igbo, their lives and characters defined by village or nation. Gomez devoted a chapter to Muslims that had a religious identity connecting them to Arabia and Palestine rather than their native land. The Muslims brought with them a different idea
from Yoruba influenced by Catholicism, predominantly practiced in Latin America and the Caribbean, where slaved integrated their old culture with the New World hiding their it in plain sight so as not to have it stripped away completely. It is one of the few comics that the creolization of Yoruba is a part of the process of creation. Quesada managed to have the characters that portray each orisha powers and costume directly correlate with how each orisha is represented in Santeria and Yoruba.
The Real Tragic Hero Of The Nation
The drama “Death and the King’s Horseman” written by Wole Soyinka tells a story that relates to the burial of the dead king of the Oyo, which is held by the ancient Yoruba in Africa. According to the tradition of the Yoruba, after thirty-day of the king’s death, his horseman Elesin must commit suicide in the rite in order to accompany the king passing through the holy passage towards the world of the other side. Moreover, Olunde, the eldest
indigenous religions. Nigeria’s Muslim community presides in all parts of the country with the strongest accumulation in the Hausa and Yoruba ethnic groups. Islam in Nigeria is based on the teaching of the Prophet Muhammad outlined in the Qur’an with varying differences from the rest of the Islamic community. The vast majority of Igbo are Christians as are many of the Yoruba. Popular forms of Christianity include Anglican, Presbyterian, American Southern Baptist, and Methodist with large congregations
were also a main reason for the arts The Yoruba Tribe is a very imperative part of African Art history. The tribe was located in Southwestern Africa and their artists were very talented. The Yoruba Tribe has been characterized as the ones who organized the true history of this beautiful art.
There are numerous themes of Yoruba Art which includes honoring gods and ancestors, sculptures, architecture, statues, and recent paintings. Among these themes, the Yoruba Palace Doors were created. These doors
the religion that is widely practiced by majority of the African population in Salvador, Candomblé, is a mixture of Yoruba and Bantu beliefs from the different tribes in Africa, which has incorporated some aspects of Catholicism over time. The name itself translates to “dance in the honor of the gods,’ music and dance are important parts of Candomblé ceremonies.
The enslaved Yoruba, Ewe and other peoples brought their beliefs from Africa to the New World. Their belief systems were maintained for
ethnic groups that made up Nigeria, the largest were the largely Muslim Hausa in the north, the Yoruba in the half-Christian, half-Muslim south-west, and the Igbo in the predominantly Christian south-east. At independence a conservative political alliance had been made between the leading Hausa and Igbo political parties, which ruled Nigeria from 1960 to 1966. This alliance excluded the western Yoruba people. The well-educated Igbo people were considered by many to be the main beneficiaries of this
response to diverse faith within our healthcare practices. This essay serves to compare these three different religious philosophies: Yoruba, Hinduism (karma) and Buddhism, to a Christian’s perspective. These religions have wide perspectives but one will key in on health management and what to expect from healthcare point of view while caring for these patients. Yoruba religion is based on nature worshipping and is rooted deeply on respect for the environment. Their divinities is called Òrìsà, when
foundation of world religions such as Yoruba and Judaism. They play a huge role in the lives of the religions’ followers. Practitioners of the Yoruba religion have faith in the supreme, self-existing deity – Olodumare. Judaism followers have faith in Yahweh, and some Jewish individuals do not believe in a G-d (supreme-being). Beliefs are important to each religion in its own unique way. The traditions provide a way of life for those who practice both Yoruba religion and Judaism; however, these traditions
The Yoruba People of Nigeria
Among the many tribes found in Africa, the Yoruba People of Nigeria are among the most popular and well known. The Yoruba are the tribe that many Africans confess that their family roots started from and therefore follow the religion and culture of the Yoruba. These people are indigenous to the Southwestern parts of Nigeria and Benin. They may not be the only tribe in Africa, but they certainty have an interesting culture along with one of the oldest ancestry lines
Professor John Oriji
Yoruba Girl Dancing Part II
Colonization Leads to Interlacing of Cultures
Reading the second half of Yoruba Girl Dancing one thing I enjoyed most was the description of the many different cultures that Remi was forced to live amongst. These cultures included the European culture of the upper class Nigerian in Lagos, the culture of being at the private school, the working class British culture, the lifestyle of Germans who wanted well and
greek mythology, and Egyptian text (“Ancient 2”).
The ancient tribe of Yoruba live in what we know as present day Nigeria. They have a main creator named Olorun, the sky god, and a god who assisted him named Obatala. The first kings supposedly were offspring of the main creator. These king’s crowns gave them their status or rank. Also, their crowns gave the the ability to talk with the spirit world (“Creation” 1).
Yorubas believe that at first there was only water everywhere. Obatala was sent by
response to diverse faith within our healthcare practices. This essay serves to compare these three different religious philosophies: Yoruba, Hinduism (karma) and Buddhism, to a Christian’s perspective. These religions have wide perspectives but one will key in on health management and what to expect from healthcare point of view while caring for these patients.
Yoruba religion is based on nature worshipping and is rooted deeply on respect for the environment. Their divinities is called Òrìsà, when
Brazil to work in the large sugar plantations.
This is a traditional Brazil religion practiced by the Africans communities living there . The dance was performed to appease their gods. It is done in traditional styles derived from the Yoruba and Bantu traditions. The songs and dances were developed by African priests who were traded as slaves. The priests had strong African beliefs and had gained great experience on the task thus they could easily influence more followers. The religion
cultures, but only by scarification. However, in his article, Orie explains that not all of the Yoruba people have the facial stripes. Okola is a term used for describing someone whose face is scarred, it means ‘the one with facial stripes’. People that do not have the stripes are referred to as oboro, or ‘plain, not striped face’ (Orie, 2011). While there are many different patterns of stripes worn by the Yoruba people in West Africa, it is always both cheeks that are striped. Most of the time, the stripes
that this is a voluntary situation. So this is clearly the personal part of suicide that is present in Death. And we can see the line that divides personal and communal aspects of suicide in the tenuous position of British occupation of the Yoruba.
But there is still a similarity - suicide is seen to affect everyone involved. However, there is a stark difference even in this similarity. The power of suicide on the living is physical in the Western world, and metaphysical in the Yoruban
American and Jamaican.
The Akosiles family was interviewed, and they are natives of Ekiti State in Nigeria. The family just came to visit their family friend here in America. The Yoruba culture is one the strongest and toughest culture in Nigeria. Yorubas are family oriented, they cherished their family and respect every family’s opinions and have mutual relationship with each. This family believes in traditional religion, food and dance. It was learned that in Yoruba culture, traditional
The Songhay Kingdom
Political and Social Life in the Sudanic States
Swahili Coast of East Africa
The Coastal Trading Ports
The Mixture of Cultures
Peoples of the Forest and Plains:
Artists and Kings; Yoruba and Benin
Central African Kingdoms
The Kingdoms of Kongo and Mwene Mutapa • 800-1500 C.E. Byzantium and Islamic contact outside of Africa increased with assistance from changes in social, religious and technology
• Islam spreads to India reveals
world today. Although there are several different religions, many individuals are not educated about the other beliefs besides there own. Religions today do have differences but are also very much the same. This is demonstrated between the religion of Yoruba, and Christianity. The Gods that the people in these religions worship are different but have the same purpose throughout the lives of each individual. Each individual’s purpose and goal in these religions also display similarities. Furthermore the
December 2, 2014
The split of the Yoruba ethnic group and the resulting impact on the region as outcome of the establishment of the border between Benin and Nigeria. French and British colonial governments have established these borders, actively splitting the Yoruba tribes, creating a divide that hasn’t existed before. A direct consequence has been a dramatic shift in relationships of power and reduced trans-border trade, dramatically shifting economic
Hermione Harris observes the Cherubim and Seraphim Church (C&S), which were Aladura churches initiated by migrant generation of Yoruba in Britain. Harris emphasizes the significance of Yoruba practices in these churches and how religion is used to build a sense of community and network for this group of immigrants in country that is foreign to them. Throughout the book Harris pulls this thread of spirituality and spiritual power and their importance to the transformed religious ideas of this immigrant
event that we cannot comprehend.
The creators of both Yoruba and Midgard shared more differences than similarities. While Yoruba was generated by three brothers, Midgard was constructed by one man, with the help of others. Midgard was created of the remnants of Ymir and Yoruba was made of a number of different elements. One similarity between the two myths was that both used an outside source when creating light (stars in Midgard and sunlight in Yoruba).
I think that it is a natural tendency for people
begins in the heart of African culture. Preceding the Preface, Gates respectively sets the reading up with introductory concepts about African American history including the origins of traditional stories and worships. Through his explanation of the Yoruba mythology the reader can see the assimilation between cross cultural explanations of the Esu figure. The Esu figure is described in the following way; “ A partial list of these qualities might include individuality, satire, parody, irony, magic, indeterminacy