Aptamer

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  • Essay On Immunoglobulum

    1641 Words  | 7 Pages

    temperature changes which can be happening during the electrophoresis run, so according to all that we can say the conditions of final binding of the aptamer is difficult to be under full control. Another related tactic which using the affinity of chromatography also has been applied, but this tactic surrounded by the problem of low level of reaction. DNA aptamer was selected against human immunoglobulin E (IgE) by using the microfluidic free flow electrophoresis (μFFE) device, in order to compare μFFE to

  • Cocaine-Binding Aptamer Essay

    439 Words  | 2 Pages

    The cocaine-binding aptamer exhibits a target-induced conformational change. However, the conformation usually exists an equilibrium between the fold and unfold structures, resulting in a high background signal and limited sensitivity.213 In order to decrease background signal, cocaine-binding aptamers have been split into two212 or three fragments.237, 238 The resulted fragments, named split aptamer, were found to retain good specificity for their targets. Most importantly, the fragments do not

  • Discover Therapeutic Aptamers For Vegf165 And Egfr

    2025 Words  | 9 Pages

    Discover therapeutic aptamers for VEGF165 and EGFR by high-fidelity pentamer condon set Dehui Kong, Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia Introduction Aptamers are ssDNA or RNA oligonucleotides with very high affinity for their target. They bind to their target with high selectivity and specificity because of their well-defined tertiary structures. Researchers speculate that aptamers have the potential to replace antibodies as high-affinity reagents in medical diagnostics and therapy. SELEX

  • Aptamer-Conjugated Nanoparticles For Selective Collection And Detection Of Cancer Cells Summary

    939 Words  | 4 Pages

    In the article “Aptamer-Conjugated Nanoparticles for Selective Collection and Detection of Cancer Cells”, the method of rapid collection and detection of cancer cells is explored in detail and with an explanation of the procedure and modifications done to improve the system of cancer research. Current methods for leukemia diagnosis apply combinations of bone marrow and peripheral blood cytochemical analyses. Peripheral analyses include, karyotyping, immunophenotyping by flow, cytometry/microarray

  • Optimization of Asymmetric PCR for Generation of a Single Stranded DNA Library

    690 Words  | 3 Pages

    Aptamers are short DNA or RNA oligonucleotides with high, specific affinity to a special target. The name was originated from aptus that means "to fit" and meros that shows the polymer identity of oligonucleotides (1, 2). Aptamer characteristics provide prominent potential applications in multiple fields.These nucleic acid ligands are completely generated through in vitro process for a wide range of targets from small molecules and ions to large proteins and cells and even whole organism or tissue

  • Gold Naotechnology Essay

    1473 Words  | 6 Pages

    Gold nanoparticles in breast cancer treatment: antibodies and aptamers Nasirli Ilkin University of South Florida PHA6146.002F17 Nanotechnology Abstract Cancer has a major impact on societies world-wide. In 2011, an estimated 1,685,210 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in the United States, and approximately 595,000 people died from the disease (DeSantis et al 2011). Breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer for women in the United States (US). The biological usage of nanoparticles

  • Colorimetric Cocaine Detection

    282 Words  | 2 Pages

    analytical instruments and made naked-eye observation highly achievable. The colorimetric detection of cocaine was reported based on the catalytic activity of the peroxidase mimicking (G-quadruplex DNAzyme) in the TMB–H2O2 reaction system.243 One of the aptamer fragments was modified on amine-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and another was kept in the solution. The binding of cocaine brought two fragments on the MNP, forming a three-way junction on the surface. The G-quadruplex DNAzyme then

  • Csa Concentration Varied Between Rounds ( Table 1 )

    1266 Words  | 6 Pages

    Columns. PCR polymerase used was Choice Taq from Denville Scientific. DNTP is also from Denville Scientific. Streptavidin Beads are from Sigma Aldrich. 4.2 The SELEX Process The general steps of the SELEX process are; the binding reaction between the aptamers and the target, washing steps to remove the unbound DNA, PCR amplification of the bound DNA, and strand separation of the DNA back into ssDNA [3]. The Capture-SELEX cycle consists of three main sections: Elution profile, Library Amplification, and

  • Guides RNA Folding To Populate Transiently Stable RNA Structures For Riboswitch-Based Biology : Analysis

    1249 Words  | 5 Pages

    structures”(Steinhert et al.,2017). Riboswitches generally consists of two domains, an evolutionarily conserved aptamer domain which is responsible for sensing the ligand, and a non-conserved domain that contains signals for control of gene expression(Serganov et al.,2012). The xpt-pbuX riboswitch has four complementary sequences or strands, the 5’ aptamer strand (P), aptamer stabilizing strand (A), which make the aptamer domain,a switching strand (T) and Terminator strand (H). It could assume a termination conformation

  • Essay On Biofilm Formation

    820 Words  | 4 Pages

    guanine, cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) and GTP using existing aptamer sequences. A key challenge for RNA-based sensors is that they normally function poorly in cells. This is because RNA is easily degraded by nuclease and also has poor folding in intracellular. Poor folding RNA can be contributed by many elements, such as the difference folding structures and thermal instability, or rely on ion concentration. Later people developed 49-nt-long aptamer-Broccoli, which has brighter green fluorescence upon binding

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