Logical positivism

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  • Alfred Jules Ayer's "Language, Truth and Logic," the Major Thesis on Logical Positivism of its Time

    982 Words  | 4 Pages

    In 1936 Alfred Jules Ayer published a book named, Language, Truth, and Logic. At the time of its publication, it was understood to be the major thesis of Logical Positivism (Macdonald). In order to understand the Verification Principle, one must first become somewhat familiar with Logical Positivism. Logical Positivism is a school of philosophic thought that combines empiricism, the idea that observational evidence is indispensable for knowledge of the world, with a version of rationalism incorporating

  • Metaphysics: Ontology: Dualism vs. Materialism

    2096 Words  | 9 Pages

    Logical positivism is the second presented obstacle to the study of metaphysics and much simpler than Kant 's "Copernican Revolution". Stared by Schlick and the Vienna Circle the viewpoint of logical positivism sought to set up science to a standing as a 'unique and privileged ' way of knowing and get rid of speculative metaphysics (Cowan 150). They contended

  • Essay on A Philosophical Examination of Language

    3569 Words  | 15 Pages

    abstract and philosophical concepts without undue modifications, as long as it is used and interpreted properly (Katz 69). Each of the! ! se movements in linguistic philosophy had its strengths and weaknesses, and its supporters and detractors.   LOGICAL EMPIRICISM Pure metaphysical speculation which is not based on fact is, to the empiricists, neither relevant nor useful. The only truth, in this philosophy, is that which is mathematically provable or experimentally observable (Katz 18-19)

  • Epistobabble Warfare

    1364 Words  | 6 Pages

    INTRODUCTION The article “Marketing: philosophy of science and “epistobabble warfare” is a commentary by the author Michel Rod published as a qualitative research in an International Journal, Vol. 12 Iss. 2, pp. 120- 129. Throughout the article Rod articulated his viewpoints on the variety of philosophies involved in legitimizing the science of marketing research and sought to establish his own perspective of what he actually believes marketing research should accomplish. This was stated in

  • Concepts Of Modernism : Hinduism, Buddhism, And Taoism

    866 Words  | 4 Pages

    1. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism are polytheistic. They share the same notions of enlightenment, karma, samsara, and reincarnation. Karma is the belief that what you do will eventually bear similar fruits. Samsara, on the other hand, is the belief that people live many lives and survives many lifetimes, though as different beings. Samsara is similar to reincarnation. Enlightenment makes one to be in the same accord with the universe and one that can choose what to be and when to be. Hinduism believes

  • Positivism Advantages

    1359 Words  | 6 Pages

    Positivism developed a particular scientific method and their method uses rationale thinking (deduction and induction thinking), to try and establish the truth (Usher, 1996). Positivism assumes that knowledge is gained from observation of the world out there, because it is “absolute and unchanging” (Donald, Lazarus & Lolwana, 2010, p. 79), for example 2 X 2 = 4 this sum will never change. In the following essay I will discuss why positivism is attractive, who would benefit from positivism, why positivists

  • Hinduism And Taoism

    1301 Words  | 6 Pages

    1. Compare and contrast various views of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Hinduism, one of the oldest religions refers to the collection of faiths and originated in India. Hinduism was brought to India by nomadic people thousands of years ago and is a polytheistic system with various gods and goddesses as well as lesser deities. Hinduism is related to Buddhism because many early ideas found in Hinduism influenced the Buddhist teachings. Founded in the fifth century by Gautama Siddhartha Buddha,

  • Quine And Carnap Debate

    3684 Words  | 15 Pages

    This movement, known for some time as logical positivism, is mostly referred to as logical empiricism. Followers of this movement believed that the only way to come to meaningful conclusion about the world is through use of empirical research and logic. Non-empirical claims, as seen in metaphysics, were not accepted

  • What is the Verification Principle?

    1561 Words  | 7 Pages

    The verification principle arose from a movement in the 1920’s known as Logical Positivism and, in particular from a group of philosophers known as the Vienna circle. They applied principles of science and mathematics to religious language and argued that, like human knowledge, religious language also had to be empirically verified through experiences if it were to be considered meaningful. They believed that this was the basis of all forms of empirical testing. From this, Vienna Circle established

  • Thoughts on a Possible Rational Reconstruction of the Method of

    3257 Words  | 14 Pages

    Nevertheless, we encounter-even in the specific publications-only a vague image of it. Surprisingly, there are comparatively few specific publications. Historically they concentrate in the phase of Logical Empiricism. On the other hand we record a quite extensive literature on the latest variant of rational reconstruction, the "structuralist reconstruction." Besides Kamlah's article, Poser [1971] is to be mentioned. Further, for Analytical Philosophy