Maleic acid

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  • A Cis to Trans Conversion Essay

    1454 Words  | 6 Pages

    INTRODUCTION Maleic acid and Fumaric acid are both compounds belonging to the carboxylic acids class. In this experiment, we formed the two isomers of 1,2-ethylenedicarboxylic acid and tested the solubility and melting points of both of these products. Both of these compounds involve a carbon-carbon double bond that is composed of one σ bond and one π bond. The overlap of sp2 hybrid orbitals forms the σ bond, and one empty p orbital forms the π bond. This process is illustrated in the figure below:

  • Essay on Experiment a: Cis-Trans Conversion of Butenedioic Acid

    740 Words  | 3 Pages

    BUTENEDIOIC ACID PRE-LAB ASSIGNMENT 1. Maleic acid is the cis version and fumaric acis is the trans version of butenedioic acid. 2. 3. See attached paper. 4. Maleic anhydride is the compound that crystalizes in part A in the experiment. 5. HCl acts as a catalyst to break one of the carbonyl group in the maleic acid which rotates the structure to form a trans structure of the butonal acid which is the fumaric acid. And it does so by donating its protons. 6. Maleic acid Chronic

  • Essay on Potentiometeric Titrations

    1307 Words  | 6 Pages

    The purpose of this lab was to construct a titration curve by titrating Formic acid using a standardized sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and a pH meter through potentiometric titration. After the data for the rest of the class is collected, compare and contrast the equivalence points to see how the concentrations of the various acids affected the acids weakness and strength. Methods: Obtain 0.020 M of Formic Acid (HCCOOH). Calibrate the pH meter using the instructions for calibrating the pH meter

  • Bicyclic Lactone Lab Report

    438 Words  | 2 Pages

    adduct was produced. The bicyclic lactone to be generated was cis-1,3,3a,4,5,7a-Hexahydro-5-methyl-3-oxo-4-isobenzofuran-carboxylic Acid and was produced using a Diels-Alder reaction. The product was also analyzed quantitatively using percent yield. To prepare the Diels-Alder adduct 0.40 g of 2,4-hexadien-1-ol was added to a flask, then 5.00 mL of toluene and 0.40 g of maleic anhydride were added to the flask in that order. The mixture was warmed and stirred to induce a reaction. The reaction progress

  • Optimization Of Glycerol Recovery From Pre Treatment Process

    2042 Words  | 9 Pages

    OPTIMIZATION OF GLYCEROL RECOVERY FROM PRE-TREATMENT PROCESS TO PRODUCED SUCCINIC ACID VIA ANAEROBIC FERMENTATION A.A.Nik Nor Aziatia, A M. Mimi Sakinaha* aFaculty of Chemical Enginnering and Natural Resources,University of Malaysia Pahang (UMP) Kuantan Pahang, Malaysia Tel: +6016-6668486, Fax: +60-095492825, E-mail: atie_encat@yahoo.com a*Faculty of Chemical Enginnering and Natural Resources University of Malaysia Pahang (UMP) Kuantan Pahang, Malaysia Tel: +60-095492825, Fax: +60-095492825, E-mail:

  • Study Of Reaction Parameters And Temperature And Mass Substrate

    2108 Words  | 9 Pages

    to produce succinic acid from glycerol residue through anaerobic fermentation process. The study of reaction parameters (pH, temperature and mass substrate) was performed by using expert design software in glycerol recovery process. One factor at one time (OFAT) method was performed as preliminary studies for selection of parameters range and subsequently determine its optimum condition using response surface methodology (RSM). The concentration of glycerol and succinic acid were determined using

  • The Use Of Glycerol Residue

    1923 Words  | 8 Pages

    ABSTRACT: The use of glycerol residue, a palm oil waste from Oleochemical industries as a raw material for the production of succinic acid with immobilized cell fermentation process was investigated. In this work, the raw material, immobilized cells to produced succinic acid were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscope instruments. Based on the results, the functional group appearing for treated and commercial glycerol is the hydroxyl, aromatic

  • Essay about Module 1 Homework

    975 Words  | 4 Pages

    Module 01 Homework Assignment Use the information presented in this module along with additional outside research to answer the questions: 1. Describe how applied microbiology is used to improve aspects of life and the environment. Microbiology is the study of microorganisms (VanMeter, VanMeter, & Hubert, n.d., p.3). These are all of the things not visible to the human eye. With the study of microbiology, it enables us to find things such as viruses and bacteria. This is helpful because

  • The Game Of Soccer : The Atp / Pc System

    1910 Words  | 8 Pages

    1. Soccer is one of the most demanding of all sports. The game is played on one of the largest fields of any sport, for the longest sustained time and with the least amount of breaks. Players in a soccer team are in continuous activity as they compete for loose balls, move to encourage teammates, rotate positions and run to make a space or test opponents. Running, jumping, sprinting movements in relation with sudden changes of acceleration and route outweigh the play. The power of the game ranges

  • Reactions With Phosphoric Acid By Jaime Conklin

    1339 Words  | 6 Pages

    Stoichiometric Reactions with Phosphoric Acid By Jaime Conklin Partner: Deanna Ryan CHE 120-03 Instructor: Mr. Cusumano September 30, 2015 Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to examine the stoichiometric relationship between reagents and the identity of the products by using three acid/base neutralization reactions of a triprotic acid, phosphoric acid, and varying molar equivalents of sodium hydroxide. The data will be used to determine the formula weight of the products

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