Moral Theory Essay

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    suggests that there are 3-levels of Moral Development, as well as 6-stages within Moral Development. The 3-levels include pre-conventional morality, conventional morality, and post conventional morality. The 6-stages include obedience and punishment orientation, individualism and exchange, good interpersonal relationships, maintaining social order, social contract and individual rights, and universal principles (McLleod, 2011). This paper will discuss all 3-levels of moral development and where my ethical

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    action itself. This is phrase that can be viewed different by proponent of different moral theories. A consequentialist theorist will agree with this phrase. For example, if one tells a lie to save the other person from grief, the action of telling the eye is viewed as good. Another example is whereby a person kills the other in order to save the others. The two actions though they may be viewed as going against the moral values in the society will be viewed as right because they lead to positive results

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    The theory on Moral Development is credited to none other than Lawrence Kohlberg. Kohlberg was a twentieth century psychologist dedicated his studies to research in moral development and reasoning, especially on young people (Absolute Astronomy, pg. 38). His theory was highly influenced by well-known swiss psychologist, Jean Piaget’s, stages of cognitive development (Absolute Astronomy, pg. 38). Jean Piaget’s theory contained four stages of cognitive development (Hart). Kohlberg’s theory is actually

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    Lawrence Kohlberg developed the theory of moral development. The theory of moral development “stemmed from Jean Piaget’s theory of moral reasoning.” This theory was a study which led to a better understanding of morality. This theory proved that morality started in early childhood years and had many factors which affected the outcome of the child’s perception of morality. Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory consisted of 3 levels and which each had 2 stages in them. The first level consists of preconventional

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    FOUR MORAL DEVELOPMENT THEORIES Describe Jean Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development Jean Piaget is best known for his stage theory on moral development of children which occurs in two distinct stages from heteronomous to autonomous and three sub stages premoral (0 to 5 years), moral realism ( 5 to 10 years), and moral relativism (after age 10). In premoral development, children do not think about right or wrong. In the moral realism phase, children understand right and wrong. Lastly, in moral relativism

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    there are several theories which have managed to hold their own under scrutiny. The theories of Piaget, Kohlberg, and Bowlby are examples of the theories. The paper explains these theories and their application to different cultures. The writer then renders an opinion based on real-life situations. At the end, it is clear that there are theories in psychology which can be applied to a wide cross-section of the human population. Theories Piaget’s Cognitive Theory Piaget’s theory was controversial

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    Moral status is a bioethical concept that concerns the type of beings that possess rights, like human beings. There are five distinct viewpoints, or theories, that help in determining moral status. These theories include: a theory based on human properties, a theory based on cognitive properties, a theory based on moral agency, a theory based on sentience, and a theory based on relationships (HLT-302 Introduction 2, 2015). In the case study, a situation in which a fetus develops a rare condition

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    Lawrence Kohlberg: Theory of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg was a well known psychologist best known for his thorough research into the development and better understanding of the processes needed to grow into a well developed human being. Kohlberg grew up in New York City on October 25, 1927. Growing up in such a diverse area is what struck his interest in the development of all beings. In only one short year he received his bachelors degree and then went on to devote his career to study the

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    speak out openly against the injustices of the church. Kohlberg 's Theory of Moral Development states that, "moral reasoning, the basis for ethical behavior, has six identifiable developmental stages, each more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than its predecessor." Kohlberg 's principle concern was justice, or an Ethic of Rights, that would lead persons on a path to truth. Using his model, one can trace Catherine 's moral development from her adolescence through her later life. In the beginning

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    both the attitudes and roles of men and women. She points to Carol Gilligan’s theory of moral development as an instance that provides an understanding of both males and females. Gilligan found that men are more rational when making decisions while women are more emotional (Andersen, 2015). Knowledge of a theory such as Gilligan’s shows how people can collectively undergo oppression if they do not follow what the theory prescribes. Another key point in the text is the vital relationship

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