The Altar of Zeus is a giant monument constructed during the reign of King Eumenes II (The Altar of Zeus: Pergamon), which located on a terrace of the Acropolis in Pergamon. Since the Pergamene King regarded his country as the successor of the Greek culture, there were numerous sculptural monuments built to commemorate their military achievement and declare their roles as inheritors of Athens. The Altar of Zeus is one of them, as well as the library and the sanctuary of Athena that are located in
The narratives and stories in ancient Greek artifacts revolved primarily around Greek Mythology. This is epitomized in relief sculptures on the Treasury of the Siphnians and the Great Altar at Pergamon, which depict the Battle of the Gods or Titanomachy from Greek mythology. Real life events were also portrayed although often embellished in myth. For instance, the vase created by Exekias and the sculpture of Laocoon and his sons both depict mythologized elements from the Trojan War. Eventually the
Power is an ideal that many strive for, and few achieve, and there is no more obvious a demonstration of power, than besting someone in a battle. The Altar of Zeus from Pergamon, Turkey exemplifies that power. Created around 175 BCE it used to stand on a platform, surrounded by columns which were no doubt as imposing as the scenes of the sculptures. It is a narration of the gods and goddesses defeat over the giants, and victory in battle is nearly synonymous with power. The gigantomachy frieze depicts
The human theme that I have chosen to best represent each culture is Divinity. Divinity has multiple perspectives. It can be looked at as sacredness, being god-like in nature or one’s relationship with their respective God or gods. Divinity can also mean inner truth or inner guidance. I chose Divinity to best represent the cultures of India, Classical Greece, Medieval Spain and the Renaissance because based on the information received in class, it was a theme that was prevalent in all of them.
The Empire of Alexander lived on past the death of its founder, but soon fragmented into numerous smaller kingdoms ruled by his generals. The Macedonian homeland came under the control of the line of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, a general and satrap under Alexander. The line of Antigonus would rule Macedon into the middle of the second century BC, when the kingdom was overcome by a myriad of problems, both internal and external. The reasons for the decline and eventual annexation of the Kingdom of
period gave way to experimentation and a sense of freedom that allowed the artists of the Hellenistic period to explore their subjects from unique points of view that they had not previously done. The Altar to Zeus in Pergamon is the perfect representation of the Hellenistic period. Pergamon contained
With art being one of the most useful tools of propaganda, it makes sense to use images to connect political, social, and cultural elements to push the governments agenda- as seen with the shaping of social views on war. The Pergamon Alter does all of this through their imagery inside with the mythologizing of their lineage and outside with the classical references to the gigantomachy and the Parthenon to suggest a continuation of Athens. The Attalids intelligently used propaganda
It is reasonable enough to say that the Altar of Zeus was an architectural transition from the previous model of Parthenon for that they were built with many similarities yet distinguished in noticeable details. The artistic transition from the Parthenon to the Altar of Zeus represent the evolution from disciplined Athenian to a more dramatic Hellenistic culture, because of the uncontrollable instability of the later 2nd century B.C.E. The Altar of Zeus transitioned from Parthenon’s traditional
the architecture can be seen in the sophisticated town of Alexandria with structures such as the lighthouse that show how Alexander the Great influenced town planning that was centralized on the creation of a superior city, likewise, The Altar at Pergamon expresses the loss of focus on the divine through unique sculptural techniques. Change can also be seen in the sculptures of The Boxer and The Old Market Woman as they are depicted to be imperfectly individualistic and in emotional distress.
in architecture can be seen in the sophisticated town of Alexandria with structures such as the lighthouse that show how Alexander the Great influenced town planning that was centralized on the creation of a superior city, likewise, The Altar at Pergamon expresses the loss of focus on the divine through unique sculptural techniques. Change can also be seen in the sculptures of The Boxer and The Old Market Woman as they are depicted to be imperfectly individualistic and in emotional distress.