Myth: Demeter, Hades, and Persephone Persephone was the daughter of the Greek god, Zeus, and goddess, Demeter. She was beautiful and happy. One day, as she was picking flowers in her field, her uncle, Hades, saw her and instantly fell in love with her. Hades decided to kidnap Persephone and took her to the underworld, where he was the god. He locked her in the Hall of Hades, where Persephone wept endlessly. There is a legend that says that if you eat anything in Hades’ lair, you can never leave.
The Parthenon is known as the Temple of Athena Parthenos. Phidias and his team (Ictinus and Callicrates) began the process of building the Parthenon in 447 B.C.E. “It is one of the main buildings in the Acropolis and was dedicated to honor Athena. The buildings showed a lot of wealth and power to the Athenian empire
Wonders of the Parthenon Evan Heaslip MPC 103 Iain Cameron October 20, 2014 Spiro Kostof, A History of Architecture Settings and Rituals (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), 154-157 Philip Wilkinson, Great Buildings The Worlds Architectural Masterpieces Explored and Explained (New York: DK Publishing, 2012), 21-23 Fred S. Kleiner, Art Through the Ages a Western Perspective (United States of America: Wadsworth publishing company, 2014), 105 James A. Evans, Arts and Humanities Through
The Acropolis of Athens Intro Over the years, the Acropolis of Athens, a large rock with a flat top that overlooks the city with an elevation of over 500 feet, served a variety of purposes to the people that lived on or near it. Any city built on an enormous hill can be considered an acropolis, but in today’s world, “The Acropolis” is associated with the ancient Acropolis of Athens. As stated in the New World Encyclopedia, to some, the Acropolis of Athens “was also known as Cecropia, after the legendary
Both the Dome of the Rock, located in Jerusalem created in 687 AD with no artist, and the Acropolis, located in Athens Greece created in 450BC with no artist but commissioned by Pericles, are demonstrations of Sacred spaces that demonstrate different practices from two different cultures. Religious Islamic architecture is intricately related to Muslim prayer which is an obligation to do every day. The Dome of the Rock was said to be the first great Islamic building. The Muslims had taken the city
Most every great culture in history has something for which they are famous. The Mayan civilization has the calendar, the Romans have the Colosseum, and I would like to suggest that the epitome of Greek culture is the Parthenon. It reflects the ideas and religious beliefs of the Greeks and incorporates the architectural brilliance seen first with the Greek people. The frieze, the religious idea behind the building of the temple, and the attention to detail in the Parthenon shows a genius that can
Erected during the mid-fifth century BCE in Ancient Greece, the Athena Parthenon still stands prominently atop the Athena Acropolis. Built on the site of important temples and citadels destroyed during the Persians sack on Athens in 480 BCE, it is considered the greatest Greek temple ever built. The temple was built to celebrate not only Athens’ patron goddess Athena, but also to celebrate the Athenian people. The Athena Parthenon’s great role was as the home to the Athena Parthenos; a monumental
life, we can better understand how Greek culture worked as a whole. This can be seen specifically in Athens Greece. In Athens they looked to the Goddess Athena in particular because she was their patron Goddess. During this time a sculptor, named Phidias, sculpted a grand statue called the Athena Parthenos. The Athena Parthenos was viewed as an actual incarnation of the Goddess Athena, and symbolize victory in wars that ultimately create peace and harmony.
politics did not make immune from attack, as preeminence in democratic Athens was not equivalent to absolute rule. Just before the eruption of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles and two of his closest associates, Phidias and his companion, Aspasia, faced a series of personal and judicial attacks. Phidias, who had been in charge of all building projects, was first accused of embezzling gold meant for the statue of Athena and then of impiety, because, when he wrought the battle of the Amazons on the shield
off the styles and methods of the Architecture of the Parthenon. Because of this, there are many similarities, but also differences, between the Parthenon and the Lincoln Memorial. The architects of the Parthenon were Iktinos, Kallikrates, and Phidias. Although not much is known about Iktinos and Kallikrates, other than