Strongyloides stercoralis

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    Strongyloides stercoralis: A Closer Look in Threadworms Introduction Strongyloides stercoralis is a parasitic intestinal nematode that primarily infects humans; however, other Strongyloides species can also infect animals such as birds, reptiles, amphibians, and other primates.1 S. stercoralis is known to cause strongyloidiasis to humans.1 Infection with S. stercoralis can be a lifelong issue and can result in a chronic disease with varying symptoms.2 Although S. stercoralis is estimated to infect

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    Strongyloidiasis is a human disease caused by a parasite belonging to a group of soil transmitted helminth. The causative organ for this intestinal infection is Strongyloides stercoralis and S. fuelleborni being the only other species of Strongyloides that infects humans. This species that commonly infects non-human primates can also cause infections in humans (Ashford and Barnish, 1989; Ashford et al., 1992; Zerpa et al., 2014) is thus zoonotic in nature. Furthermore, strongyloidiasis caused by

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    estimated incidence is 4–9% of patients with community-acquired bacterial meningitis. Recurrent cases are often associated with craniopharyngeal structural damage caused by previous trauma, surgical procedure, or immunocompromised state.1 Strongyloides stercoralis is an enteric nematode with the ability to replicate within the host (autoinfection) and can cause chronic infection for many years. Impaired cellular immunity of the host, especially a result of steroids, chemotherapeutic agents, organ transplantation

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    Introduction: This case study will examine the lower respiratory disease, Pneumonia. It will cover the aetiology, pathophysiology, signs and symptoms/clinical manifestations, treatment options pharmacological and non-pharmacological, acute and chronic complications of pneumonia, and lifestyle changes in relation to the Case Study Mr. Dudley Dawes. Aetiology Pneumonia has many different causatives; Bacterial, Viral, Fungi or Parasitic (Tannehill-Jones, 2010). If there is no infection present, the

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    In this study, we sought to investigate possible CD4+ T cell phenotypes under diverse environmental conditions, and how the dosage of extracellular inputs (cytokines and TCR) regulates these phenotypes. To study these questions, we build a knowledge driven logic based mechanistic model of CD4+ T-cells. We performed extensive search of published literature to build the model, however it is possible that model may have missing links or components. Logic based models found to be useful in the absence

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    Pneumonia is a common disease, which occurs in all age groups. However, pneumonia is the leading cause of death in elderly, people who are chronically and terminally ill, and children under five years old worldwide. It can result from a variety of causes, including infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, and chemical or physical injury to the lungs. Pneumonia is an irregular inflammatory condition of the lung. It is often described as inflammation and abnormal fluid filling of the

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