13th And 13th Amendment Essay

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In the 1860s, the north and the south fought against each other over the long-standing controversy over slavery. At the end of the Civil War, the 13th amendment abolish slavery and slaves were free from their masters. The ex-slaves were free, but it would take some time for them to gain equal rights. Former slaves faced obstacles for equal rights like voting and segregation for nearly a century. Although the 14th and 15th amendments helped blacks with equal rights, there was no one to blaze a trail for blacks until Martin Luther King Jr. came along. Martin Luther King Jr. was a civil rights activist and became a figurehead during the Civil Rights Movement for his peaceful protests. Martin Luther King Jr. peacefully stood against racial …show more content…

Constitution. This amendment was to help African Americans with citizens rights and equal representation. The U.S Constitution stated that the 14th amendment said “all person born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States.” The 14th amendment provided African Americans that was born in the United States equal citizenship with other natives in the U.S. It also limited the power of states that they could not take away the rights of the citizens of the United States.
Racial discrimination was a main factor that led to segregation. Whites racially discriminated against other races due to the fact that whites thought other races were less superior than them. In the late 1860s, a white supremacist group called the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) victimize different races leaders and citizens in the South until 1871. In 1871, the U.S Congress passed a law that the Klan leaders and group members would be arrested for their terrorism to American citizens for a time (Khan Academy). For a period of time, this group of supremacist people tormented different races for their public actions. Due to the Klan actions of threatening different races, Congress decided that they should pass a law that Klan leaders or

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