A Brief Note On The Punic Wars And Rome

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Evan Myers Dr. Cary Western Cultural Traditions I October 14, 2015 Rome Midterm Essays Punic Wars The three Punic Wars were between ancient Carthage and Rome and took place over almost a century. The wars began in 264 B.C. and ended in 146 B.C. with the destruction of Carthage (History.com Staff). At the time the war broke out, Carthage was the world’s leading maritime power in the Mediterranean and Rome was the dominant power in the Italian Peninsula (History.com Staff). In the First Punic War, Rome defeated the Carthaginians at sea and Sicily became Rome’s first overseas province (History.com Staff). This First War ended with Rome in control of Sicily and Corsica resulting in the Roman Empire’s rise to a naval power in addition…show more content…
Julius Caesar Julius Caesar was born in Rome in July 100 B.C. to Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia Cotta (Biography.com Editors). Caesar is noted as one of the greatest military leaders in history and played a significant role in the events that led to the rise of the Roman Empire. He was known to be a bold and decisive leader (Biography.com Editors). In the early 60s B.C., Caesar began a successful career in the military as an effective soldier and in politics as a prosecuting advocate. He joined the army and fought in several wars and became involved in Roman politics (Biography.com Editors). He was successfully elected consul in 59 B.C., which was a powerful government position, and the highest office in Rome (Biography.com Editors). By 46 B.C., he eventually became dictator of the Roman Empire after several alliances such as the First Triumvirate with Pompey the Great and Marcus Licinius Crassus (Biography.com Editors). In March 44 B.C., his reign ended when he was assassinated in the Senate by political rivals on the Ides of March (Biography.com Editors). Caesar’s rule was a major contribution to the reform of Rome and he changed the nature of the Roman Empire (History.com Staff). Augustus Caesar Augustus Caesar was born Gaius Octavius Thurinus on September 63 B.C. and was the great nephew and adopted son and heir of Julius Caesar. Augustus was the first Emperor of Rome. He is a leading figure in the history of Rome and laid the foundations of
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