Abstract. During The Last Few Years, Government Officials

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During the last few years, government officials and criminal justice experts have explored the different policies concerning sex offenders in the United States. Sexual violence is a growing concern and in order to decrease the incidence of these crimes, legislators have passed regulatory guidance such as policies, sexual offense registration, and community notification. This literature will explore the definition of sex offenders in the United States and research the different treatments associated with sexual offenders of all ages as well as promulgate the current legislation with data from established federal resources. Keywords: sexual assault, recidivism, registration, SMART, NSOPW Imagine the sight of an intelligent, …show more content…

An offense against a minor involves any of the following: an offense involving kidnapping… (42 U.S.C. §16911).
Sex offenders vary in numerous ways such as age, gender, ethnicity, marital status, sexual orientation, and societal or economic class. These differences are referred to as typologies reported by Simons (2015) in the Sex Offender Management Assessment and Planning Initiative (SOMAPI). According to the Simons, the most traditional typologies of sex offenders are rapists, child sexual abusers, female offenders, and Internet sexual offenders.
Finkelhor (2009) gives the most inclusive definition – “child sexual abuse is the use of force/coercion of a sexual nature either when the victim is younger than age 13 and the age difference between the victim and the perpetrator is at least 5 years, or when the victim is between 13 and 16 and the age difference between the victim and perpetrator is at least 10 years”. Child sexual abusers are typically someone the child or family knows. “The most important distinction among child sexual abusers is whether they are pedophilic or non-pedophilic, because pedophilia is a strong predictor of sexual recidivism” (Simons, 2015).
Rape is defined as “penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim” (Uniform Crime

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